I-Steamcompmgr, i-StumpWM, iShukela, i-SwayWM ne-TWM: ama-WM angama-5 e-Linux

I-Steamcompmgr, i-StumpWM, iShukela, i-SwayWM ne-TWM: ama-WM angama-5 e-Linux

I-Steamcompmgr, i-StumpWM, iShukela, i-SwayWM ne-TWM: ama-WM angama-5 e-Linux

Namuhla siyaqhubeka nesethu okuthunyelwe kwesishiyagalombili mayelana ne Abaphathi bamawindi (Abaphathi beWindows - WM, ngesiNgisi), lapho sizobuyekeza khona okulandelayo 5, kusuka ohlwini lwethu lwe 50 okuxoxwe ngaphambilini.

Ngaleyo ndlela, ukuqhubeka nokwazi izici ezibalulekile zazo, njengokuthi, ingabe zikhona noma cha amaphrojekthi asebenzayo, ukuthi Uhlobo lwe-WM yibo, okungokwabo izici eziphambili, futhi zifakwa kanjani, phakathi kwezinye izici.

Abaphathi bamawindi: Okuqukethwe

Kuyafaneleka ukukhumbula ukuthi uhlu oluphelele lwabaphathi bamawindi abazimele nabondliwayo of a Imvelo yedeskithophu Ngokuqondile, kutholakala kokuthunyelwe okuhlobene okulandelayo:

I-athikili ehlobene:
Abaphathi bamawindi: I-Graphical User Interfaces ye-GNU / Linux

Futhi uma kwenzeka ufuna ukufunda ifayili lethu le- okuthunyelwe kwangaphambilini okuhlobene Lapho i-WM yangaphambilini ibuyekeziwe, okulandelayo kungachofozwa izixhumanisi:

  1. 2BWM, 9WM, AEWM, Afterstep futhi Awesome
  2. IBerryWM, iBlackbox, iBSPWM, iByobu neCompiz
  3. I-CWM, i-DWM, i-Enlightenment, i-EvilWM ne-EXWM
  4. I-Fluxbox, i-FLWM, i-FVWM, iHaze neHerbstluftwm
  5. I3WM, IceWM, Ion, JWM ne-MatchBox
  6. I-Metisse, i-Musca, i-MWM, i-OpenBox ne-PekWM
  7. I-PlayWM, iQtile, iRatpoison, iSawfish neSpectrwm

I-Banner: Ngiyayithanda i-Free Software

Ama-WM amanye ama-5 weLinux

I-Steamcompmgr

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

“Imenenja yeWindow nokwakheka kwenzelwa ukungena ngemvume ngokuzenzakalela (iseshini ye-steamos) ku-Distro GNU / Linux SteamOS, yona, eyenzelwe ngqo iSteam Machines / Steamboxes".

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi engasebenzi: Umsebenzi wokugcina utholwe cishe eminyakeni engaphezu kwengu-4 edlule.
  • I-Tipo: Ukuhlanganisa.
  • Kunikelwe ukuxhumana ngempumelelo nesiphakeli se-X, kanye nesixhumi esibonakalayo somsebenzisi weSteam.
  • Isebenze njengeMphathi weWindows kanye noMqambi ngasikhathi sinye lapho imidlalo ibisebenza, ngenkathi sonke isikhathi ibisebenzisana ne- "gnome-session" kanye ne- "gnome3" ukwenza isipiliyoni esihle somsebenzisi.
  • Bekuhloswe ukusebenza okuncane ngangokunokwenzeka, ukugcina uhlelo lokusebenza lwe-Steam, futhi ngokunwebisa, umdlalo uqobo, ingaphambili eligcwele nendawo.

Ukufakwa

Ukufakwa nokusetshenziswa kwayo kungenziwa kuphela ku- I-SteamOS ngaphakathi kwe SImishini yeqembu / ama-Steamboxes, okwathi ekugcineni kungakaze kube nempilo yezentengiselwano ephumelelayo. Noma kunjalo, ukuthola eminye imininingwane nge I-SteamOS ungachofoza okulandelayo isixhumanisi.

I-StumpWM

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"NOMAn Imenenja yefasitela le-X11 lohlobo lwe-Tiling, ephethwe ikhibhodi futhi ebhalwe ngokuphelele ngolimi lohlelo lwe-Common Lisp".

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi esebenzayo: Umsebenzi wokugcina utholwe ngaphansi kwenyanga edlule.
  • I-Tipo: Ukulingisa.
  • IZama ukwenza ngezifiso kepha ubukeke kancane. Ngakho-ke, ayinayo imihlobiso emafasiteleni, kepha inezingwegwe eziningi ukusetha ukwenza kwakho ngezifiso, nokuguquguqukayo ukulungisa lokho okufunayo.
  • Ixhomeke ngokuphelele kukhibhodi ekufakweni kwedatha. Futhi, ayinazo izinkinobho, izithonjana, amabha esihloko, amabha wamathuluzi, noma amanye amawijethi we-GUI avamile.
  • Idizayini yayo esekwe ku-Lisp ikhombisa ukuthandwa okwandayo kwama-WM njengezinto ezikhiqizayo nezenziwe ngezifiso.

Ukufakwa

Le WM ebuyekeziwe ivame ukutholakala ezinqolobaneni eziningi ezihlukile I-GNU / Linux Distros, ngaphansi kwegama le- iphakethe "stumpwm"Ngakho-ke, kuya ngomphathi wephakeji osetshenzisiwe, wokuqhafaza noma wokugcina, ingafakwa kalula. Imininingwane engaphezulu ngale WM ingatholakala kokulandelayo isixhumanisi noma lokhu okunye isixhumanisi.

Sugar

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

“IMenenja yeWindi eyingxenye (yengxenye) yeMvelo yeDeskithophu enegama elifanayo, eyenziwe ngaphansi kwemizamo ebumbene yomhlaba wonke yokunikeza zonke izingane ithuba elifanayo lokuthola imfundo esezingeni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, itholakala ngezilimi ezingaphezu kwamashumi amabili nanhlanu, futhi imisebenzi yayo ehlanganisiwe esetshenziswa nsuku zonke ezikoleni yizingane ezivela emazweni angaphezu kwamashumi amane".

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi esebenzayo: Umsebenzi wokugcina utholwe ngaphansi nje kwenyanga edlule.
  • I-Tipo: Ukuzimela.
  • Njengengxenye ebalulekile yephrojekthi ipulatifomu yokufunda evuselela indlela amakhompyutha asetshenziswa ngayo kwezemfundo, ithuthukisa futhi ikhuthaze ukusebenzisana, ukucabangisisa nokutholwa ngendlela ebanzi ngqo kusixhumi esibonakalayo somsebenzisi.
  • Ithuthukisa 'ukucabanga ngokutadisha' kanye 'nokwenza okubonisayo', ngenxa yokucaca komklamo (imidwebo / ukubukwa) okunikezwa izingane nothisha, kuzivumela ukuthi ziphinde zakhe kabusha, zivuselele futhi ziphinde zisebenzise zombili isoftware njengokuqukethwe emisebenzini yokufunda enamandla.
  • Indlela kaShukela yokwabelana, ukugxeka nokuhlola isuselwa esikweni le-software yamahhala (i-FLOSS).
  • Imvamisa ithathwa njenge-DE kune-WM, ngoba isikhombimsebenzisi sayo sokuqhafaza sivame ukubonwa njengencazelo ehlukile kumqondo "wedeskithophu" kukhompyutha, ngoba ithathwa njengomzamo wokuqala omkhulu wokwenza isikhombimsebenzisi somsebenzisi ulwazi olususelwa olwazini nakwezenhlalo - abafundi kumele bahlanganyele ekuhloleni nasekusebenzisaneni.

Ukufakwa

Le WM ebuyekeziwe ivame ukutholakala ezinqolobaneni eziningi ezihlukile I-GNU / Linux Distros, ngaphansi kwegama le- iphakethe "python-sugar", "python-sugar3" kanye ne- "sucrose"Ngakho-ke, kuya ngomphathi wephakeji osetshenzisiwe, wokuqhafaza noma wokugcina, ingafakwa kalula. Imininingwane engaphezulu ngale WM ingatholakala kulezi zixhumanisi ezilandelayo: Isixhumanisi se-1, Isixhumanisi se-2 y Isixhumanisi se-3.

SwayWM

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"NOMAn Umphathi wamawindi osebenza njengomqambi wohlobo oluhle kakhulu weTiling weWayland futhi ongena esikhundleni esihle seI3 Window Manager yeX11. Isebenza ngokusethwa kwe-i3 okukhona futhi isekela izici eziningi ze-i3, kanye nokunye okwengeziwe".

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi esebenzayo: Umsebenzi wokugcina utholwe cishe ngaphezulu kwenyanga engu-1 edlule, noma ngabe inguqulo yayo yokugcina ezinzile icishe ibe nezinyanga ezimbili ubudala.
  • I-Tipo: Ukuthayipha.
  • Ikuvumela ukuthi uhlele uhlelo windows ngokunengqondo, hhayi ngokwendawo. Amawindi ahlelwe ngegridi ezenzakalelayo ekhulisa ukusebenza kahle kwesikrini sakho futhi engasetshenziswa ngokushesha kusetshenziswa ikhibhodi nje.
  • Isebenzisa "ama-wlroots" ukuhlinzeka ngesisekelo se-modular kuyo, ngendlela yokuthi kube lula ukuthuthuka kwayo, ukuvela kwayo kanye nokwenza ngokwezifiso.
  • Ayisekeli noma imuphi umshayeli wehluzo ophathelene naye, ofaka umshayeli ophethe uNvidia. Umshayeli ovulekile weNouveau uyadingeka esikhundleni salokho.

Ukufakwa

Ukulanda nokufaka noma eminye imininingwane, okulandelayo kunikwe amandla isixhumanisi. Futhi lokhu okunye isixhumanisi Uma kunesidingo

I-TWM

Incazelo

Ngokuya ngewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"Umphathi wamawindi olula futhi osebenzayo woX Window System".

Izici

  • Iphrojekthi esebenzayo: Umsebenzi wokugcina utholwe cishe ngaphezulu kwezinyanga ezimbili ezedlule.
  • I-Tipo: Ukunqwabelana.
  • Inikezela ngamabha esihloko, amawindi abunjiwe, izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zokuphathwa kwezithonjana, imisebenzi ye-macro echazwe ngumsebenzisi, ukugxila kwekhibhodi yokuchofoza-kanye-nesikhombi, kanye nokubopha izinkinobho zokhiye ezichazwe ngumsebenzisi.
  • Kuluhlelo oluncane, olwakhiwe kusetshenziswa iXlib, olwenza lube lula kakhulu ngokwezinsiza zohlelo oludingayo. Futhi yize ilula, iyalungiswa kakhulu; amafonti, imibala, ububanzi bemingcele, izinkinobho zebha yesihloko, phakathi kwezinye izinto, konke kungalungiswa ngumsebenzisi.
  • I-interface yayo yehluke kakhulu kuma-WMs nama-DEs anamuhla, amaningi awo avame ukusebenza ngokufana nalawo we-MacOS noma iWindows, ngakho-ke abasebenzisi abasha bangakuthola kunzima ukukusebenzisa ngaphandle kokufunda imibhalo yabo futhi / noma ulisebenzise isikhathi eside.

Ukufakwa

Le WM ebuyekeziwe ivame ukutholakala ezinqolobaneni eziningi ezihlukile I-GNU / Linux Distros, ngaphansi kwegama le- iphakethe "twm"Ngakho-ke, kuya ngomphathi wephakeji osetshenzisiwe, wokuqhafaza noma wokugcina, ingafakwa kalula. Imininingwane engaphezulu ngale WM ingatholakala kokulandelayo isixhumanisi noma lokhu okunye isixhumanisi.

Note: Khumbula ukuhlola amawebhusayithi asemthethweni we-WM ngayinye ukuze wazi ukuthi afana kanjani ngokubukeka, ngoba, ngakunye, kunezifanekiso-skrini ezivuselelwe ngokuvamile ukubukeka kwazo okubonakalayo.

Isithombe esijwayelekile seziphetho ze-athikili

Isiphetho

Siyethemba lokhu "okuthunyelwe okuwusizo okuncane" mayelana nalezi ezi-5 ezilandelayo «Gestores de Ventanas», ezimele kunoma iyiphi «Entorno de Escritorio»ubizile I-Steamcompmgr, iStumpWM, iShukela, iSwayWM ne-TWM, yiba nentshisekelo nokusetshenziswa okuhle, kwayo yonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kanye negalelo elikhulu ekusabalalisweni kwemvelo emangalisayo, enkulu futhi ekhulayo yezicelo ze «GNU/Linux».

Futhi ukuthola eminye imininingwane, unganqikazi njalo ukuvakashela noma yikuphi Umtapo wolwazi oku-inthanethi njengoba I-OpenLibra y I-JedIT ukufunda izincwadi (ama-PDF) ngalesi sihloko noma ezinye izindawo zolwazi. Okwamanje, uma ukuthandile lokhu «publicación», ungayeki ukuyaba nabanye, ku- Amawebhusayithi ayizintandokazi, iziteshi, amaqembu, noma imiphakathi zokuxhumana nabantu, okungcono mahhala futhi evulekile njenge I-mastodon, noma ukuphepha nokuyimfihlo kwangasese yocingo.

Noma mane uvakashele ikhasi lethu lasekhaya ku- KusukaLinux noma ujoyine iSiteshi esisemthethweni Yocingo kusuka ku-DesdeLinux ukufunda nokuvotela lokhu noma ezinye izincwadi ezithakazelisayo ku- «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» nezinye izihloko ezihlobene ne- «Informática y la Computación»kanye «Actualidad tecnológica».


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.