Ukugenca kanye nePentesting: Shintsha i-GNU / Linux Distro yakho kule nkambu ye-IT

Ukugenca kanye nePentesting: Shintsha i-GNU / Linux Distro yakho kule nkambu ye-IT

Ukugenca kanye nePentesting: Shintsha i-GNU / Linux Distro yakho kule nkambu ye-IT

Noma Ukuqhafaza akuyona insimu yekhompyutha, i I-Pentesting uma ngokuphelele. Yena Ukuqhafaza noma ukuba ngu- HackerEsikhundleni salokho, kuyigama elijwayelekile, okuvame ukuhlanganiswa kakhulu nendlela yokucabanga nendlela yokuphila. Yize, kulezi zikhathi zanamuhla lapho konke kuhlotshaniswa nakho Isizinda se-IT, kunengqondo ukucabanga ukuthi a Hacker Kuyinto a isazi sekhompyutha ngemvelo noma ngezifundo zobungcweti.

Ngenkathi, igama I-Pentesting noma ube IPentester, uma kuyinto ehlotshaniswa ngokucacile ne- Isizinda se-IT, unikezwe ulwazi, ubuciko nokusetshenziswa okudingekayo kwezinhlelo zokusebenza ezikhethekile nezithuthukisiwe, ikakhulukazi eziqondiswe kusihloko sokuphepha kwe-cyber kanye ne-computer forensics.

Ukugenca kanye nePentesting: Isingeniso

Ngaphambi kokungena ngokugcwele esihlokweni, sincoma ukuthi kufundwe ukushicilelwa oku-7 kwangaphambilini okuhlobene, okuyi-4 ne ukusetshenziswa okuthuthukile kwe-GNU / Linux kwezinye izindawo ze-IT naku-3 esihlokweni samanje, okungukuthi, isihloko Ukugenca / Abaduni, ukugcwalisa ukufundwa okulandelayo nokukuvimbela ekubeni kukhulu kakhulu.

Lezi zincwadi ezilandelayo zihlobene ne- ukusetshenziswa okuthuthukile kwe-GNU / Linux Yilezi:

I-athikili ehlobene:
Guqula i-GNU / Linux yakho ibe yi-Distro efanele ukuThuthukiswa kweSoftware
I-athikili ehlobene:
Guqula i-GNU / Linux yakho ibe yiMultimedia Distro esezingeni eliphezulu
I-athikili ehlobene:
Shintsha i-GNU / Linux yakho ibe yiDistro Gamer yekhwalithi
I-athikili ehlobene:
Guqula i-GNU / Linux yakho ibe uHlelo Lokusebenza olulungele iMayini Yedijithali

Futhi izincwadi ezilandelayo zihlobene ne- Ububanzi bokugenca / bokugenca Yilezi:

I-athikili ehlobene:
Yiba nguchwepheshe wokugenca nokuvikela
I-athikili ehlobene:
Kusho ukuthini ukuthi 'hacker'
I-athikili ehlobene:
Izinhlelo zokusebenza eziphezulu eziyi-11 Zokugenca Nokuphepha ze-Linux

Ukugenca kanye nePentesting: Okuqukethwe

Ukugenca kanye nePentesting: Inkundla ye-IT enentshisekelo

Sizocacisa leli gama elingezansi Ukugenca / uHacker kanye nethemu Ukugqekeza / iPentester ukuze uthuthuke ngamathiphu nezincomo ezidingekayo ukuphendula umbuzo we: Ungayijwayela kanjani i-GNU / Linux Distros yethu emkhakheni we-IT Wokugenca Nokusebenzisa Izinto Ngendlela Engafanele?

Ukugenca nokugenca

Ukukhuluma ngombono wekhompyutha, incazelo eyamukelekayo futhi ejwayelekile ye- Ukuqhafaza es:

"Ukufuna unomphela kolwazi kukho konke okuphathelene nezinhlelo zamakhompiyutha, izindlela zabo zokuphepha, ukuba sengozini kwabo, ukuthi bangakusebenzisa kanjani lokhu kuba sengozini nezindlela zokuzivikela kulabo abakwaziyo ukukwenza". Ukugenca, ukuqhekeka nezinye izincazelo

Ngenxa yalokho, a Hacker Kungumuntu:

"Ijwayele ukusebenzisa ngokungenakugwenywa futhi ilawule ama-ICT, ukuthola ukufinyelela okusebenzayo nokusebenzayo emithonjeni yolwazi nezindlela ezikhona zokulawula (ezenhlalo, ezepolitiki, ezomnotho, ezamasiko nezobuchwepheshe) ukwenza izinguquko ezidingekayo ukuze kuzuze bonke". Umnyakazo weHacker: Indlela Yokuphila kanye Nesoftware Emahhala

Pentesting kanye nePentester

Khonamanjalo yena I-Pentesting ingafingqwa ngokucacile njengo:

"Isenzo noma umsebenzi wokuhlasela uhlelo lwekhompyutha ukukhomba ukwehluleka okukhona, ubuthakathaka namanye amaphutha ezokuphepha, ukuvikela ukuhlaselwa kwangaphandle Ngaphezu kwalokho, iPentesting ngempela iyindlela yokugenca, kuphela lo mkhuba osemthethweni ngokuphelele, ngoba unemvume yabanikazi bemishini ezohlolwa, ngaphezu kokuba nenhloso yokudala umonakalo wangempela". Kuyini ukuphenta nokuthi ungakuthola kanjani futhi ukuvimbele ukuhlaselwa kwe-cyber?

Ngakho-ke, a IPentester ingachazwa njengalowo muntu:

"Umsebenzi wakhe ukulandela izinqubo eziningana noma izinyathelo ezithile eziqinisekisa ukuhlolwa okuhle futhi ngaleyo ndlela bakwazi ukwenza yonke imibuzo engaba khona mayelana nokwehluleka noma ukuba sengozini kohlelo. Ngakho-ke, kuvame ukubizwa ngokuthi yi-Cybersecurity Auditor". Kuyini i-Pentesting?

Ungayijwayela kanjani i-GNU / Linux Distros yethu emkhakheni we-IT Wokugenca Nokusebenzisa Izinto Ngendlela Engafanele?

I-GNU / Linux Distros yokugenca kanye nePentesting

Impela kuningi okwamanje I-GNU / Linux Distros ngokukhethekile ezinikezelwe ku- Isizinda se-IT i-del Ukuqhafaza futhi i I-Pentesting, njenge:

  1. Kali: Kususelwa ku-Debian -> https://www.kali.org/
  2. I-Parrot: Kususelwa ku-Debian -> https://www.parrotlinux.org/
  3. I-BackBox: Kususelwa ku-Ubuntu -> https://www.backbox.org/
  4. Caine: Kususelwa ku-Ubuntu -> https://www.caine-live.net/
  5. Demon: Kususelwa ku-Debian -> https://www.demonlinux.com/
  6. I-Bugtraq: Kususelwe ku-Ubuntu, Debian naku-OpenSUSE -> http://www.bugtraq-apps.com/
  7. I-ArchStrike: Kususelwa ku-Arch -> https://archstrike.org/
  8. I-BlackArch: Kususelwa ku-Arch -> https://blackarch.org/
  9. I-Pentoo: Kususelwa ku-Gentoo -> https://www.pentoo.ch/
  10. I-Fedora Lab Lab: Kususelwa kuFedora -> https://pagure.io/security-lab
  11. I-WiFisLax: Kususelwa kuSlackware -> https://www.wifislax.com/
  12. I-DracOS: Kususelwa ku-LFS (Linux kusuka ku-Scratch) -> https://dracos-linux.org/
  13. I-Samurai Web Testing Framework: Kususelwa ku-Ubuntu -> https://github.com/SamuraiWTF/samuraiwtf
  14. I-Toolkit Toolkit Yezokuphepha: Kususelwa kuFedora -> https://sourceforge.net/projects/nst/files/
  15. UKWEHLULEKA: Kususelwa ku-Ubuntu -> http://na.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/deft/
  16. U-anyanisi Security: Kususelwa ku-Ubuntu -> https://securityonion.net/
  17. I-Santoku: Kususelwa ku-LFS kusekelwe -> https://santoku-linux.com/
  18. Amanye amaphrojekthi alahliwe: I-SpyRock, Beini, XiaopanOS, Live Hacking, Blackbuntu, STD, NodeZero, Matriux, Ubnhd2, nePHLAK.

Ngenisa amakhosombe we-GNU / Linux Distros Wokugenca Nokusebenzisa Amandla

Noma kunjalo, abaningi bethu basebenzisa I-GNU / Linux Distros omama noma bendabuko ngqo, njenge I-Debian, Ubuntu, Arch, Gentoo noma i-Fedora, futhi kufanele sifake kuphela Izicelo zokugenca kanye nePentesting ngokusebenzisa i- Umphathi wephakheji kufakiwe

Futhi ngoba amakhosombe amaningi endabuko awafaki amathuluzi aphelele noma asezingeni kakhulu asebenzayo, kufanele sifake amakhosombe I-GNU / Linux Distros izinhlelo ezikhethekile ezifanayo ezincike kokwethu, okungukuthi, uma sisebenzisa I-Debian GNU / Linux kufanele singenise izinqolobane ze- UKali noPholi, isibonelo, ukuwafaka kamuva. Vele, ukuhlonipha izinhlobo zephakeji ze- I-Debian GNU / Linux nalawa ma-Distros akhethekile ukugwema ukuqhekeka okungenakulungiswa kwamaphakeji noma lonke uhlelo lokusebenza.

Inqubo

Ukungenisa i- Izinqolobane zeKali ku-Debian inqubo elandelayo kufanele yenziwe:

  • Faka kufayela lakho loqobo noma elisha .list, indawo efanelekile ye-Distro eshiwo, phakathi kwayo okulandelayo:
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-last-snapshot main non-free contrib
# deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-experimental main non-free contrib
  • Faka okhiye abaceliwe kumakhosombe usebenzisa imiyalo elandelayo:
# sudo gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-key 7D8D0BF6
# sudo gpg -a --export ED444FF07D8D0BF6 | sudo apt-key add -

Ukungenisa i- Izinqolobane zopholi ku-Debian inqubo elandelayo kufanele yenziwe:

  • Faka kufayela lakho loqobo noma elisha .list, indawo efanelekile ye-Distro eshiwo, phakathi kwayo okulandelayo:
# deb http://deb.parrotsec.org/parrot rolling main contrib non-free
# deb http://deb.parrotsec.org/parrot stable main contrib non-free
# deb https://deb.parrot.sh/parrot/ rolling main contrib non-free
# deb https://deb.parrot.sh/parrot/ rolling-security main contrib non-free
# deb http://mirrors.mit.edu/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # NORTEAMERICA
# deb https://mirror.cedia.org.ec/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # SURAMERICA
# deb https://ba.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # EUROPA
# deb https://mirror.yandex.ru/mirrors/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # ASIA
# deb http://mjnlk3fwben7433a.onion/parrot/ parrot main contrib non-free # RED TOR
  • Faka okhiye abaceliwe kumakhosombe usebenzisa imiyalo elandelayo:
# sudo gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-key 6EB1660A
# sudo gpg -a --export B56FFA946EB1660A | sudo apt-key add -

Ngemuva kwalokhu, kufanele sifake kuphela okwaziwayo, izintandokazi zethu nokubuyekezwa kwethu okuningi Izicelo zokugenca kanye nePentesting yalezi zinqolobane, sinakekela kakhulu ukuthi zingaphuli ezethu Uhlelo Lokusebenza lwe-Debian GNU / Linux. Kokunye okusele kwe- I-GNU / Linux Distros omama noma bendabuko, okufanayo kufanele kwenziwe ngokufana kwabo, njengaku- Arch ukulandela okulandelayo ukulandela isibonelo con I-BlackArch.

Njengoba, kungenjalo, inketho yokugcina kungaba yifayela le- landa, uhlanganise bese ufaka kwethuluzi ngalinye Ukugenca kanye nePentesting ngokwehlukana namawebhusayithi abo asemthethweni, kwesinye isikhathi anconywayo. Futhi uma noma ngubani engazi ukuthi yiliphi ithuluzi Ukugenca kanye nePentesting kungaba kuhle ukwazi nokufaka ungachofoza okulandelayo isixhumanisi ukuze uqale. Yize kukhona futhi nethuba elilula lokufaka «I-Fsociety: Iphakethe elihle kakhulu lamathuluzi wokugenca".

Isithombe esijwayelekile seziphetho ze-athikili

Isiphetho

Siyethemba lokhu "okuthunyelwe okuwusizo okuncane" cishe «¿Cómo adaptar nuestras Distros GNU/Linux al ámbito TI del Hacking y el Pentesting?»Ukuhlola izindlela ezahlukahlukene noma ezinye izindlela, njengokufakwa okuqondile kwezicelo ezivela kumakhosombe akho noma angaphandle, noma ukusebenzisa izinhlelo ezizimele ezitholakalayo, kuyathandeka kakhulu futhi kuyasebenziseka, kukho konke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kanye negalelo elikhulu ekusabalalisweni kwemvelo emangalisayo, enkulu futhi ekhulayo yezicelo ze «GNU/Linux».

Futhi ukuthola eminye imininingwane, unganqikazi njalo ukuvakashela noma yikuphi Umtapo wolwazi oku-inthanethi njengoba I-OpenLibra y I-JedIT ukufunda izincwadi (ama-PDF) ngalesi sihloko noma ezinye izindawo zolwazi. Okwamanje, uma ukuthandile lokhu «publicación», ungayeki ukuyaba nabanye, ku- Amawebhusayithi ayizintandokazi, iziteshi, amaqembu, noma imiphakathi zokuxhumana nabantu, okungcono mahhala futhi evulekile njenge I-mastodon, noma ukuphepha nokuyimfihlo kwangasese yocingo.

Noma mane uvakashele ikhasi lethu lasekhaya ku- KusukaLinux noma ujoyine iSiteshi esisemthethweni Yocingo kusuka ku-DesdeLinux ukufunda nokuvotela lokhu noma ezinye izincwadi ezithakazelisayo ku- «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» nezinye izihloko ezihlobene ne- «Informática y la Computación»kanye «Actualidad tecnológica».


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-2, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   fedorian21 kusho

    Abasebenzisi beFedora / Centos / RHL, njengoba i-fedora igcina i-spin ebizwa nge-Security Lab, ungayilanda kusuka ku- https://labs.fedoraproject.org/en/security/
    Ayiphelele njengeKali kepha inokusetshenziswa okumbalwa.
    noma uma usuvele usebenzisa i-Fedora ukuyifaka kusuka ku-terminal nge
    isudo dnf groupinstall "Ezokuphepha Lab"
    noma kusuka kumasenti angenisa ama-repos.

    1.    Ukufaka kwe-Linux Post kusho

      Sanibonani uFedoriano21. Umnikelo omuhle kakhulu, ngiyabonga ngokuphawula kwakho.