Ukuhlaziywa kwemibhalo efanelekile nokwakhiwa kwezinkomba zezihloko nge-AntConc neLibreOffice

Sanibonani bangani nabangane, ngijabule kakhulu ukujoyina futhi ngibambe iqhaza kulokho engikwazi ukukuthola kusukela manje ku <° Kusuka kwiLinux. Igama lami ngingu jathan futhi ngihlanganyela nawe lokhu kokuqala engikuthole emibhalweni engiyenzile enkonzweni yezenhlalo yokuxhumanisa isayensi yamakhompiyutha kobuhlakani bami. Ngiyethemba ukuthole kukuthakazelisa, kuwusizo, futhi wenza zonke izinhlobo zamazwana.

Lapho sikufayela lombhalo sifuna ukuthola amagama angukhiye ekwakhiweni kwenkomba ye-thematic, sihlaziye imibono esemqoka yomsebenzi noma enye inhloso efanayo, sidinga ukwenza usesho esingahlukanisa ngalo izinhlamvu ezinkulu nezincane ngaphakathi kwe- amagama, kanye nohlu lwalawa aqokomisa izinhlamvu ezifunwayo njengencwadi ukuze sikwazi ukuthola amagama asemqoka ngendlela esheshayo futhi esebenzayo.

Inhloso yalo mbhalo ukwethula nokuchaza ukusetshenziswa kohlelo lokuhlaziywa kombhalo olusezingeni eliphakeme kanye nesihleli sombhalo ukwenza lula ukugcwaliseka kwenkomba ye-thematic neFree Software.

Engxenyeni yokuqala, inqubo yokufakwa kwe- LibreOffice nokubulawa kwe AntConc ngaphakathi kohlelo lokusebenza I-GNU / Linux futhi kamuva ukuthi ungakwenza kanjani ngaphakathi kwezinhlelo zeWindows ne-Mac OS, ngenkathi usezingxenyeni ezilandelayo kungakhathalekile uhlelo olusebenzayo, kuzochazwa ukuthi kusetshenziswa kanjani AntConc y LibreOffice Kusetshenziswa izibonelo ukwenza inkomba yezihloko.

I-LibreOffice ne-AntConc ku-GNU / Linux

Into yokuqala okudingeka siyenze ukuqinisekisa ukuthi sineLibreOffice efakwe ekusatshalalisweni kwethu kwe-GNU / Linux. ILibreOffice iyihhovisi lamahhala lamahhovisi amaningi elinelayisensi nge-GPL futhi lokho kusisiza ukuhlela amadokhumende ombhalo, amaslayidi, amaspredishithi, imininingwane yolwazi, imidwebo kanye namafomula ezibalo ngendlela elula nephumelelayo.

Uma sisebenzisa I-Debian, i-LinuxMint, iTrisquel, Ubuntu noma yikuphi okunye ukusatshalaliswa okususelwa ku- Debian, Ngeke sisadingeka ukubhekana nokufakwa kwayo ngoba kokuningi kwalokhu kusatshalaliswa kuzinguqulo zabo zakamuva kanye nokunye okufana neMageia, Fedora ne-OpenSUSE, iLibreOffice isivele ifakiwe ngaphambili futhi kufanele uyithole bese uyisebenzisa kusuka kuphaneli yezinhlelo zokusebenza noma ngomugqa womyalo.

Uma sisebenzisa iDebian Squeeze 6.0 kufanele sibuyekeze i-OpenOffice ibe yiLibreOffice ngokulandela le miyalo: http://www.dobleseis.com.ar/instalar-libreoffice-3-en-debian-squeeze.

Ngemuva kokuqinisekisa ukuthi sineLibreOffice efakwe ohlelweni lwethu, manje sizoqhubeka nokuvakashela iwebhusayithi ye-AntLab lapho singathola khona ezinye izinhlelo zokusebenza ezisebenzisekayo ezakhiwe nguLaurence Anthony zokuhlaziya umbhalo osezingeni elifanele nokuhambisana kwamagama namafayela asebenzisekayo anqamula i-GNU / Linux, Mac I-OS neWindows.

I-AntConc uhlelo lokusebenza olubhalwe ngolimi lohlelo lwe-Perl esivumela ukuthi sibhale amagama ngokulandelana kwama-alfabhethi noma ngokuvela kaningi, amagama angukhiye, senze izivumelanisi namaqembu wamagama asuka kufayela elisefomethi yombhalo ocacile, ehlukanisa phakathi kwezinhlamvu ezincane nezinhlamvu ezinkulu. Ukuyilanda, iya kulesi sixhumanisi: http: //www.antlab.sci.waseda.ac.jp/antconc_index.html bese ukhetha kukholomu yesihlanu lapho i-Tux penguin ibonakala khona inketho yokulanda i-AntConc 3.2.4u:

Lapho ukulanda kwefayela elikhethiwe sekuphelile, sivula isiphequluli sefayela esithandwayo (i-Pcmanfm, i-Nautilus, i-Thunar, i-Dolphin noma enye enye) ngokuyivula ngephaneli yemvelo esiyisebenzisayo noma ngokucindezela u-alt + f2, ukubhala igama layo ku usonhlamvukazi bese ushaya faka ekugcineni bese wenza izinkomba ezimbili (amafolda) ngaphakathi kwesiqondisi sethu somsebenzisi, uqamba igama elilodwa i-Applications_extras nenye i-AntConc njenge-subdirectory yokuqala:

Manje siya enkombeni lapho kufakwe khona ifayela le-antconc3.2.4u.tar.gz (kulesi sibonelo kungu-Downloads) bese sivula ifayela nge-Xarchiver noma i-Fileroller ukuvula iziphu okuqukethwe kwalo enkombeni ye-Antconc ngokukhetha inketho yokukhipha ku imenenja yefayela futhi ikhombisa umkhombandlela wesikhombi / ikhaya / umsebenzisi / i-Extra_Applications / i-AntConc:

Lapho okuqukethwe kwephakethe le-antconc3.2.4u.tar.gz sekukhishelwe kumkhombandlela we-AntConc ngaphakathi kwe-Applications_extras, sikhomba ifayela le-antconc3.2.4u ukulinikeza izimvume zokwenza ngokuchofoza inkinobho yegundane langakwesokudla, faka izakhiwo bese uvumela ukwenziwa wefayela njengohlelo:

Futhi ngalokhu kufanele sikwazi ukuvula i-AntConc ngokuchofoza kabili ngegundane kufayela le-antconc3.2.4u.

Uma sithanda, singenza yonke inqubo yangaphambilini ngokusebenzisa i-terminal ngokwenza imiyalo elandelayo nokushintsha u- "umsebenzisi" ngegama esilisebenzisa kuseshini yethu:

Ukwakha izinkomba:

$ mkdir / home / user / Applications_extras (cindezela ukungena)
$ mkdir / home / user / Applications_extras / AntConc (cindezela ukungena)

Shintshela kumkhombandlela we-AntConc bese ukhipha okuqukethwe kwe-antconc3.2.4u.tar.gz:

$ cd / home / user / Applications_extras / AntConc / (cindezela ukungena)
$ tar -xzvf /home/usuario/Descargas/antconc3.2.4u.tar.gz (press enter)

Vumela ukusebenzisa ifayili le-antconc3.2.4u njengohlelo:

$ chmod + x antconc3.2.4u (hit ukungena)

Futhi sebenzisa i-AntConc:

$ /home/usuario/Aplicaciones_extras/AntConc/antconc3.2.4u (press enter)

Akunandaba nenqubo esiyikhethayo, uma sifisa, singakopisha ifayela le-antconc3.2.4u kumkhombandlela we / usr / bin bese silinikeza izimvume ezidingekayo ukuze sikwazi ukusebenzisa i-AntConc kusuka ku-terminal noma ngokubhala kwe-alt + f2 kuphela i-antconc3.2.4 .XNUMXu. Ngalokhu sisebenzisa imiyalo elandelayo njenge-superuser ene-su noma i-Sudo:

$ yakho
(sibhala iphasiwedi yethu yezimpande bese sishaya ukungena)
# cp /home/user/Extras_Applications/AntConc/antconc3.2.4u / usr / bin
# chmod a + rwx / usr / bin / antconc3.2.4u
# Phuma

Futhi manje, ngokusebenzisa i-antconc3.2.4u nomsebenzisi wethu kusuka kunoma iyiphi i-emulator yokugcina, i-AntConc izovuleka njengoba kukhonjisiwe esithombeni esedlule.

$ antconc3.2.4u

Usebenzisa i-AntConc ukwenza uhlu lwamagama ngohlamvu oluthile

Njengoba sesivele sibonile ukuthi singalanda futhi sisebenzise kanjani i-AntConc, manje sesizonikeza ithuba lokusebenzisa isibonelo sokusebenzisa amagama athile ngokusesha ngokulandelana kwezinhlamvu zamagama ezinhlamvwini ezincane nasezinhlamvwini ezinkulu. Uma ufuna ukungena ujule ekusebenzeni kwe-AntConc nawo wonke amathuba okusebenzisa, ungahlola idokhumenti README_AntConc3.2.4.pdf enkombeni yethu / ekhaya / umsebenzisi / Aplicaciones_extras / AntConc noma uyilande kusuka ku-http: //www.antlab .sci.waseda.ac.jp / software / antconc335 / AntConc_readme.pdf, futhi uthintane nosizo oluku-inthanethi noma ubuke izifundo ze-AntConc ezitholakala kuwebhusayithi yayo http://www.antlab.sci.waseda.ac. jp / antconc_index.html

I-AntConc ingasebenza kuphela ngamafayili wombhalo ocacile (".txt"), ".html", ".hml," ".xml" kanye nefomethi yawo ".ant", ngakho-ke okuqukethwe yidokodo esizokwenza kulo Ukukhonjwa kwegama, sizokuguqula kusuka kufomethi yaso yoqobo ku- ".odt", ".rtf", ".pdf" noma okunye ku- ".txt" kukhethwe konke okuqukethwe, kukopishwe futhi kunamathiselwe embhalweni omusha indiza yedokhumenti esebenzisa umhleli wethu wombhalo owuthandayo (iLeafpad, iGedit, iVim, i-Emac, phakathi kwabanye). Kulesi sibonelo sizofuna ukudala inkomba ye-thematic evela encwadini ethi «Ukubambisana Kokwakhiwa Kolwazi» esingavakashela kuyo iwebhusayithi yayo: http://seminario.edusol.info/seco3/ futhi esingayilanda ngokukhululeka kulesi sixhumanisi: http: / /seminario.edusol.info/seco3/pdf/seco3.pdf

Lapho ifayili selilandiwe, silithola enkombeni yethu yokulanda, silivula ngombukeli wethu wedokhumende le-pdf (kulesi sibonelo u-Evince), sikhetha konke okuqukethwe kwalo ngokucindezela u-ctrl + a, silikopishe bese silinamathisela ethafeni elisha umbhalo wombhalo:

Futhi sigcina idokhumenti yethu entsha embhalweni osobala onegama le- «Construccion_colaborativa_del_conocimiento.txt» enkombeni yeMibhalo:

Manje sisebenzisa i-AntConc futhi kusuka kuthebhu yokuqala ephezulu kwesobunxele ebizwa ngokuthi "Ifayela" sivula ifayela "Construccion_colaborativa_del_nowledge.txt":

Kwikholamu yesobunxele ebizwa nge- "Corpus Files" igama lefayela lethu lombhalo selizovela manje, okukhombisa ukuthi sizosebenza kuleli fayela, ngoba kwa-AntConc singalayisha ifayili lombhalo elingaphezu kwelilodwa bese sisebenza kuwo ndawonye noma ngokwehlukana:

Manje esizokwenza ukuklelisa wonke amagama aqukethe umlingiswa u- "A", ukukhomba igama elingukhiye ngalohlamvu omkhulu, ngoba i-AntConc isinikeza ithuba lokuhlukanisa onobumba abancane kanye nosonhlamvukazi, lokhu kusiza kakhulu ukukhomba amagama afanele noma amagama efomini lohlu. Kulokhu sibeka ithebhu yokuqala ebizwa nge- «Concordance» ngakwesokudla se- «Corpus Files», ungahloli ibhokisi lamagama athi “Amagama” ukumaka ibhokisi le- «Case», zombili ohlangothini lwesokudla lwe- «Search Term», sibhala ku inkambu Sesha ngezansi kohlamvu A bese uqhafaza kunxande onsomi othi "Qala":

Futhi izoklelisa imiphumela yalokhu okulandelayo. umumo:

Njengoba sibona, ezinye izinhlamvu ezibhalwe ngama-accents zivela zifana negama elithi "Autónoma" esikhundleni se- "Autónoma". Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi kufanele sitshele i-AntConc ulimi olufanele lokufaka amakhodi olimini lwethu, ngoba i-AntConc ayiboni ukuthi sisebenzisa iSpanish ngokuzenzakalela. Ngalokhu sivula ithebhu ethi «Izilungiselelo ze-Globlal» phezulu eduze kwe- «Ifayela», siya enkethweni yokugcina «Izilungiselelo Zokufaka Amakhodi Olimi» ohlangothini lwesokunene sichofoza ku- «Hlela» sikhetha inketho yokuqala «Ukubethelwa Okujwayelekile» chofoza kuyo, khetha inketho yesithathu ohlwini oluboniswa ngakwesokudla "Unicode (utf8)" bese sichofoza ibhokisi elithi "Faka isicelo" engxenyeni engezansi kwesokudla kwewindi:

Ngemuva kokufaka izinguquko, siphinde sichofoze kunxande onsomi we «Qala» bese izinhlamvu ezinamazwi manje zizovela ngokusobala:

Manje sibuyekeza amagama anohlamvu u-A olugqanyiswe ngombala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ukuze lukhonjwe kalula futhi ngokuya ngemicabango yethu, sikhetha lawo esifuna ukuwafaka enkombeni ye-thematic, ngokwesibonelo "i-Computer yokungafundi" kulayini ongu-17 okuvame kakhulu igama elitholakala ngokushesha ukuthi ngelokuqala ukubhekiswa kulo enkombeni yethu yezindikimba kusuka kokuqukethwe kombhalo we «Ukwakha ngokubambisana kolwazi».

Sibuyela kumbhalo we-pdf «Ukwakhiwa kokubambisana kolwazi» ukuthola ukuthi kumaphi amakhasi «Ikhono lokungakwazi ukufunda ngekhompyutha» elivela ngokuthayipha i- «ctrl + f», kubhalwe igama elithi «Ukungafundi» emkhakheni wokusesha bese ucindezela u- «enter» ekugcineni nase inani lezikhathi ezidingekayo ukuthola igama eliseshwayo kuwo wonke amakhasi. Sivula idokhumenti entsha ku-LibreOffice Writer ukudala inkomba yethu yezihloko noma uma sisebenza kokuqukethwe kwedokhumende ekulo kuqala .odt, sivula lowo mbhalo ngeLibreOffice futhi sizokwakha kuphela futhi sihlele inkomba yezihloko kunoma yiliphi ikhasi :

Uma futhi sifuna ukukhomba nge-AntConc lapho imisho ethi "Ukungakwazi ukufunda ikhompyutha" ivela kukho konke okuqukethwe yidokhumende "Construccion_colaborativa_del_conocimiento.txt", sibhala "Ukungakwazi ukufunda ngekhompyutha" emkhakheni wokusesha, ungahloli "Ikesi", uphawu "Amagama" kanye chofoza ku "Qala":

Uma sichofoza kunoma imuphi umugqa ogqanyisiwe ku- «Ukungafundi kwekhompyutha» ngombala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, isibonelo kumugqa wesi-4, kuthebhu ye- «File View» izosikhombisa isiqeshana sombhalo lapho kuvela khona lokhu kukhethwa kugqanyiswe ngomnyama ngemuva:

Ngale ndlela, i-AntConc ilusizo kakhulu kithi lapho sibhale incwadi, i-eseyi noma isifinyezo futhi besingenzi inkomba yezindikimba ngokufana noma ngokuhlaziya ngokuhlelekile imibono esemqoka yomsebenzi ukwenza lula ukufundwa kwayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-6, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   RAW-Okuyisisekelo kusho

    Ithuluzi elithakazelisayo kakhulu .. .. Bengingazi ngalo .. futhi liwusizo olukhulu kimi ..

    Ngiyabonga..

  2.   Cristianhcd kusho

    i-athikili enhle kakhulu, iyaheha

  3.   Indoda endala kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokwabelana

  4.   Ungayifaka kanjani i-Linux kusho

    Umnikelo omkhulu, ulusizo kakhulu. Ukwazi ukuthi ungaba nalezi zinhlobo zamathuluzi ku-Linux kwenza umehluko njalo. Ozithobayo.

  5.   UFitoschido kusho

    Ukungena okuhle kakhulu. Ngithanda ukuthi bashicilele lolu hlobo lokuqukethwe!

  6.   jathan kusho

    Sanibonani nonke. Siyabonga ngemibono yenu kanye nokuxolisa ngokukwazi ukuphawula kuze kube manje. Ngiyethemba ukuthi labo abasebenzise ukufundisa ababanga nazinkinga.