Ukucushwa kwe-Arch Linux Basic

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Ngaphambilini, sifaka XORG nezinsiza zayo ezilungele ukusetshenziswa, kepha kukithi ukuthi silungiselele imininingwane emincane embalwa ukuze ibe ngcono kakhulu.

Lo mhlahlandlela ugxila kakhulu ku XORG, yize kusisiza futhi ukuthi sibe nokumisa eziyisisekelo wohlelo lwethu.

Lo mhlahlandlela ulusizo kakhulu ezindaweni ezikhanyayo ezifana ne- I-Openbox, Awesome, I-DWM, Njll

Ezinye izinyathelo kulo mhlahlandlela cha ayadingeka uma ufuna ukufaka indawo elungiselelwe ngaphambilini (I-Gnome, KDE, Isinamoni, i-XFCE, Njll) Njengoba lezi zindawo zilungiselelwe ngokuzenzakalela, ungeqa izinyathelo nge- «*«, Yize banconywa uma ufuna ukuba nohlelo oluyisisekelo olungiselelwe.

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p isitayela = »ukuqondanisa umbhalo: cacisa»>

Ngincoma ukuthi wenze lo mhlahlandlela ngemvelo eyisisekelo yokuqhafaza (i-twm) esikufake phambilini, ngoba sizodinga ukubhala ukucushwa (okunye kukude) nangaphakathi i-twm Singakopisha futhi sinamathisele esikhumulweni se-Xterm (kusobala ukuthi sidinga isiphequluli ukufinyelela lo mhlahlandlela kusuka ku-Arch Linux yethu, uma isiphequluli osithandayo sifakiwe sifaka lo mhlahlandlela, sikopishe futhi sinamathisele imiyalo).
Ukuqala imvelo yokuqhafaza: $ ukuqala

Ukunamathisela umbhalo wesiqondisi ku-Xterm: Shift + Faka 

-11c  Setha ikhibhodi distro ku-XORG

Phambilini besisibekela uhlelo, manje alitholakali ngemvelo eyisisekelo yalokhu sakha ifayela lokumiswa kwekhibhodi.

$ sudo nano /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-keyboard.conf

Ngaphakathi kwefayela esilingezayo:

Faka: es o latam, ngokuya nge-distro yethu yekhibhodi.

Awazi ukuthi iyiphi ikhibhodi yakho yekhibhodi? (Chofoza igama lama-distros ngenhla).

• Isibonelo: la-latin1
kwesigaba Isikhombi se- "InputClass"uhlelo-ikhibhodi"MatchIsKeyboard" ivuliwe "
        Option "XkbLayout"  "latam" 
        Option "XkbModel" "pc104"
        Option "XkbVariant" "deadtilde, dvorak"
        Option "XkbOptions" "grp: alt_shift_toggle"
I-EndSection

Manje ikhibhodi yethu ilungiselelwe kusistimu yethu.

-12d Khiqiza amafolda akho

Lesi sinyathelo cha Kumele kwenziwe ngabasebenzisi abazofaka iGnome, ngoba bakhiqizwa ngokuzenzakalela.

Manje ngamafolda ethu ayisisekelo (Ideskithophu, Ukulanda, Umculo, Njll).

Kulokhu sifaka ithuluzi xdg-user-dirs:

$ sudo pacman -S xdg-umsebenzisi-dirs

Ekugcineni siyisebenzisa ukuze ikhiqize amafolda ethu.

$ xdg-user-dirs-ukubuyekeza

-13d Faka izinqolobane zezingane

Sivula ifayela /etc/pacman.conf

$ sudo nano /etc/pacman.conf
 I-Multilib

Uma ufake i-Arch Linux 64-bit (x86_64), kunconywa ukuthi unike amandla okugcina, ukuze ukwazi ukusebenzisa izinhlelo ezingama-32-bit (i686). Ukuyinika amandla sisusa "#" kwasekuqaleni.

[multilib]
Faka i- = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
I-Archlinuxfr

Kuyadingeka ukufaka i-yaourt, amaphakheji we-Virtualbox phakathi kwabanye.

Silifaka ekugcineni kwefayela lethu

[i-archlinuxfr]
I-SigLevel = I-never Server = http://repo.archlinux.fr/$arch

Ekugcineni sivuselela amakhosombe:

$ sudo pacman -Yebo

-14d Ukufakwa kwe-Yaourt

Yini i-yogurt?

Ithuluzi elinikelwe umphakathi ngohlelo lwethu, umsebenzi wawo ukufaka ukufinyelela okuhlanganisiwe endaweni yokugcina izinto ye-AUR, evumela ukuzenzakalela kokuhlanganiswa kwamaphakeji kanye nokufakwa kwama-PKGBUILD akhethiwe ngaphakathi kwe-AUR.
I-Yaourt inweba amandla nokulula kwe-pacman, ingeza izici ezisebenziseka kakhulu futhi inikeze okukhiphayo okuhle nokunemibala, izindlela zokucinga ezibandakanyayo, nokunye okuningi.

Ukufaka:

$ sudo pacman -Iyourt

ISU: Ukuvuselela lonke uhlelo (kufaka phakathi amaphakheji afakwe kusuka ku-AUR):

$ yogurt -Syua

-15d Ukufakwa kwePulseaudio

Akunasidingo sokukhuluma ngalokhu, ngoba kuyiphakheji ejwayelekile futhi ifakwe ngaphambilini kuma-distros amaningi we-Gnu / Linux, ukuze kube nokulawulwa komsindo ohlelweni lwethu, okulula kunalokho okunikezwe yi-ALSA.

Ukufaka

$ sudo pacman -S I-pulseaudio pulseaudio-alsa

-16d Ukusekelwa kokhiye wevolumu *

isono-tc3adtulo-1 Ngokuvamile, okhiye bokulawula ukukhanya balungiselelwe ngokuzenzakalela ngakho-ke asidingi ukwengeza ukusekelwa (kwemishini engasebenzi okhiye bokukhanya ekugcineni komhlahlandlela kunesinyathelo sesikhashana), esikhundleni sokhiye bevolumu uma kufanele sikwenze. Kulokhu sifaka amathuluzi I-Xbindkeys y Pamixer .

Siqhubeka ukufaka i-Xbindkeys.

$ sudo pacman -S xbindkeys

IPamixer iyatholakala ku-AUR, ukuyifaka sidinga i-yogurt.

$ yogurt -S pamixer-git

Sakha ifayela lokumisa

$ nano ~ / .xbindkeysrc

Ngaphakathi kwefayela esilingezayo:

# ivolumu phezulu
"pamixer --kwandisa 3"XF86AudioPhakamisaivolumu
# ivolumu ephansi
"pamixer - ukwehla 3"XF86AudioOkuphansiivolumu

Sigcina izinguquko futhi siphume nano.

Ekugcineni, siyengeza I-Xbindkeys ohlwini lwethu lwezinhlelo zokuqalisa (.xinitrc).

Sakha ifayela lethu le-.xititrc:

$ cp /etc/skel/.xinitrc ~

Siyavula:

$ nano umabhebhana

Ngaphakathi kwefayela lethu, sifaka ekugcineni:

lembila

-17d Ukusekelwa kwesaziso *

-an Yazisa-osd

Siyafaka Yazisa-osd kusuka ezinqolobaneni ezisemthethweni.

$ sudo pacman -Sazise-osd

Uhlobo olushintshiwe luyatholakala kusuka ku-AUR ngokwezifiso.

$ yogurt -S yazisa-osd-ngokwezifiso notifyconf

Manje sihlola izaziso

$ yazisa-send "Sawubona Mhlaba"

Sesivele sifakiwe Yazisa-osd ohlelweni lwethu.

-an I-Xfce4-notifyd

Esinye isazisi esisebenzayo nesinconyiwe sithi I-Xfce4-notifydIbuye ihambisane nezinye izindawo zemidwebo.

Ukufaka I-Xfce4-notifyd

$ sudo pacman -S xfce4-yazisad

Ukulungiselela, sisebenzisa

$ i-xfce4-notifyd-config

-18d Ukufakwa Kwefonti Okunconyiwe

Sifaka amafonti ayisisekelo ohlelweni lwethu

$ sudo pacman -S ttf-inkululeko ttf-bitstream-vera ttf-dejavu ttf-droid ttf-freefont

Ekugcineni sifaka iphakethe lefonti elincane.

$ sudo pacman Amafonti we-artwiz-fonts

Ngalokhu siqeda ukusetha okuyisisekelo kwe-Arch Linux!

Ngemuva kokusetha XORG, uhlelo lwethu manje selulungele ukufakwa kwanoma iyiphi indawo yokuqhafaza.

afo2


Ngiyacela! thumela ifayela lakho le- izinkinga / ukungabaza ku-imeyili yami: arch-blog@riseup.net

ff Sisize ngokuchofoza okukodwa!, yabelana nomhlahlandlela nabangani bakho.



Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-54, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Umlingo wePuddy kusho

    Lapho ngishiya i-10 yakho, okuthunyelwe okuhle, i-taringuero xpert

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara kusho

      Ngicabanga ukuthi ngaduka, saqala nini ukuba nguTaringa? 😀

    2.    U-Alejandro Ponce kusho

      Ngiyabonga kakhulu, ngigcine nginyukile ezinhlwini ee

  2.   babel kusho

    Umhlahlandlela omuhle. Ngiyethemba ukuthi kungekudala kuzoba nokuningi ngezindawo, ngoba ngisebenzisa ama-elementaryOS ngontanga kodwa angibuthandi Ubuntu. Ngifisa ukuthi ngibe nayo ku-Arch.

  3.   ThecaTony kusho

    I-Redundant, lolu lwazi luku-ArchLinux wiki futhi luthuthukiswe kangcono kakhulu. Isinyathelo ngasinye ngokuvamile sichaza ukuthi senzani nokuthi kungani, senza umsebenzisi afunde kule nqubo. Ngicabanga ukuthi lapho uphinda imininingwane kufanele ungeze ngaphezu kwezimpawu ezinhle nje.

    1.    izinga kusho

      Ngicabanga ukuthi kufanele ukhombise inhlonipho eyengeziwe ngomsebenzi owenziwe abanye. Okungenani wayezikhathaza ngokubeka izimpawu ezincane ezinhle. Yini oyenzile ngaphandle kokugxeka?

    2.    Sduduzo kusho

      Ngicabanga ukuthi kwesinye isikhathi i-Arch Wiki iyadida, ukuba nesifundo esinjengaleso ngaso sonke isikhathi kuyaziswa.

    3.    Xlash kusho

      Kuliqiniso, kuthuthukiswe kangcono kepha kubasebenzisi abaphambili. Umuntu osondelene nabasebenzisi abasha uzofaka noma aguqule lolu lwazi alushintshe lube sezingeni lalaba basebenzisi abasha, yingakho kungumsebenzi odingekayo ngaphezu kokuncomeka. Ngokuqondene namaphosta amancane amahle, kuyindlela yokuhlela nokwethula imininingwane, okwenza kube lula ukufunda nokujabulisa kakhudlwana.
      Ekugcineni, ngifuna ukungeza ukuthi ukugxekwa kuhle inqobo nje uma kwakha. Ngeshwa okwakho akunjalo.
      Umsebenzi omuhle kakhulu Alejandro 😉
      Ezempilo.

      1.    U-Alejandro Ponce kusho

        Ngijabule kakhulu ukuthi abasebenzisi bayakwazi ukuthatha lokho engikuletha eminikelweni yami (ngale kolwazi), benza imibono yabo ibe yindlela efanele yokubonga.

        Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokuphawula kwakho, imikhonzo.

    4.    i-caatovarbo kusho

      Kulula ukugxeka. Ngithanda "amaphosta amancane amahle" anikeza ukuthinta okungaphansi kobuchwepheshe kune-wiki.

    5.    ikati kusho

      I-Arch wiki ingeyabasebenzisi abaphambili, ngithola lo mhlahlandlela uphelele. yize inobungani nomuntu ofayo olula futhi iqondiswe ikakhulukazi kuzipikha zaseSpain.

    6.    ThecaTony kusho

      Ungakhubeki kepha lo mhlahlandlela awuchazi abancane ngalokho okwenziwayo.
      Isb. Yenza general ukuthi izilawuli zevolumu zidinga i-Xbindkeys nePamixer. Leli iphutha elibi kakhulu elizodida umsebenzisi omusha futhi / noma libangele iphutha.
      Esinye isibonelo: Ukwesekwa kwesaziso akuxhomekile ku-notify-osd, lelo phakheji nje ukuqaliswa okwenziwe yiCanonical.
      Noma kunjalo, akudingekile noma kuphoqelekile noma kuphephile ukufaka okugciniwe kwangaphandle ukufaka nokusebenzisa i-yaourt. Vele ulande amafayela ambalwa, uvule ukuphela kuleso siqondisi bese usebenzisa: $ makepkg
      Lokhu akuchazwanga futhi kugcina kuveza umsebenzisi ebungozini bezinqolobane zangaphandle kanye nokungafundi ukwakha iphakheji.

      Ngingaqhubeka, kepha akunangqondo. Akugxeki ngokugxeka engikwenzayo, kepha ngiyaphinda ngithi ngaphezu kokungafuneki, imininingwane eminingi equkethwe kulo mhlahlandlela ayiphelele futhi ayinasidingo. Ngincoma kulabo abafuna ukusebenzisa i-Arch, ukuthi bafunde i-Wiki. Labo abangafuni ukufunda imininingwane engaka,

      1.    i-caatovarbo kusho

        Ngicabanga ukuthi kungaba kuhle ukuthi "ukhulume" nomnikazi weposi futhi uma ucabanga ukuthi umnikelo wakho kufanele uthuthukiswe ukwenza lokho, noma wakhe okusha. I-blog kufanele ibambisane, hhayi ukwahlulela abanye.

        1.    ThecaTony kusho

          Angizange ngahlulele muntu, angiqondi ukuthi iyiphi ingxenye yamazwana ami engatholwa. Ngokunjalo, ukuphawula kwangaphambilini kushicilelwe ngephutha ngenkathi kusakhiwa. Lapha empeleni ungafunda lokho ebengifuna ukukusho:
          https://blog.desdelinux.net/configuracion-basica-de-arch-linux/comment-page-1/#comment-113195

  4.   Sduduzo kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngalezi zifundo, zingisize kakhulu, konke kwenziwa lula kakhulu.

  5.   Alex kusho

    Ngokuqondene nemithombo oyifakile, ngingeza i-ttf-liberation eyinguqulo yamahhala ukufaka i-Arial ne-Times, futhi bengizosusa i-ttf-bitstream-vera, ngoba iDjavu iluhlobo lokuvuselelwa kwalokhu.

    Ngikweluleka ngokuqinile ukumiswa kwenqwaba ye-Infinality:
    https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Infinality-bundle+fonts

    1.    U-Alejandro Ponce kusho

      Bengicabanga ukuthi inkululeko ye-ttf isivele ingeziwe, bese ngiyayishintsha.
      Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokwabelana.

  6.   ThecaTony kusho

    Ngishiya izibonelo ezimbalwa ukuze ubone ukuthi akusikho ukugxeka okungenangqondo:
    I-1- notify-osd ayidingekile futhi kungukuqaliswa kweCanonical kuphela kwesaziso-daemon, iphakheji elidingwa kuphela yi-wammu.
    I-2- yaourt ingafakwa ngaphandle kwesidingo sokungeza ama-repos angaphandle. Ngaphezu kokufihla kumsebenzisi ithuba lokufunda ukwakha iphakethe nge-makepkg, kubabeka engcupheni yokukhubazeka okungaba nakho okugcinwa ngaphandle.
    3- Akudingi i-pamixer noma i-xbindkeys kumakhibhodi amaningi ukulawula okhiye bevolumu, kungukukhiqiza okungalungile.

    Ngingaqhubeka, kepha akunangqondo. I-Arch akuyona i- "out of the box" distro, idinga isikhathi sakho nokuzinikela kwakho futhi indlela engcono kakhulu yokwazi ukuthi kungenxa ye-wiki yayo. Ukufuna ukweqa leso sisekelo solwazi esidingekayo ngomhlahlandlela osheshayo kuphambene nalokho okushiwo yi-distro:
    Umbono we-Do-It-Yourself udinga ukuthi umsebenzisi azi ukuthi benzani. Akwanele ukuqhuba uchungechunge lwemiyalo ngaphandle kokuqala wazi ukuthi benzani noma ngabe kudingeka.

    https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Arch_Linux_(Español)

    Sala kahle! »

    1.    ThecaTony kusho

      Uxolo, lokhu kuthunyelwe ngephutha: https://blog.desdelinux.net/configuracion-basica-de-arch-linux/comment-page-1/#comment-113187
      Sicela uyisuse. Ngiyabonga.

      1.    jvk85321 kusho

        Okushoyo kubukeka kungithakazelisa kimi, kepha kulabo abasanda kuqala indlela elula yokwenza izinto ngokulingisa okwenziwe ngomunye umuntu futhi lapho ukukopela noma ukukopisha kusebenza kulula ukuthi baqonde okwenziwayo lapho behlangana isifundo sobuchwepheshe esithe xaxa futhi le ndlela ufunda ngayo.

        Uma sibheka impilo uqobo lwethu, sikhule silingisa abadala bethu bese besichazela izinto, kuhle uma ukopishe okubi abakunike kona. Kepha siyakhula futhi sifunde ngokukopisha futhi umhlahlandlela omuhle kakhulu owenziwe ngumngani u-Alejandro uhlose ukukwenza lokho, sisize i-neophyte ukuthi ingene kwi-arch futhi ingamxoshi.

        i-atte
        jvk85321

    2.    U-Alejandro Ponce kusho

      Sawubona!
      Okokuqala ngifuna ukukubonga ngokwabelana nenqubo yakho, kuyinto efanele ukuyenza inqobo nje uma inenhlonipho.

      Manje maqondana nenqubo yakho:

      1.- Yazisa-osd: Njengoba ushilo ukuqaliswa kwephakeji elishiwoyo, uma abasebenzisi befuna ukusebenzisa okujwayelekile (isaziso-daemon), ngezizathu ezisobala bazokwenza njalo, kepha akuyona inketho kuphela engiyishoyo, lowo msebenzisi uzithole unganelisekile futhi / noma ungangabazi kufanele wazi ukuthi kunezinketho eziningi kakhulu ongazisebenzisa.

      2.- I-Yaourt: Kule ngxenye okushoyo kulungile, ukufakwa kwe-yaour kuzimele ezindaweni zokugcina izinto, noma kunjalo kuyindlela elula yokwenza (njengoba ngizochaza kamuva, inhloso enkulu yemihlahlandlela yami ukwenza kube lula), Kungani ngichitha isikhathi entweni engiholela entweni efanayo? Ngokuphathelene nobuthakathaka bokunikeza umsebenzisi indawo yokugcina yangaphandle, le ngxenye ngiyithatha ingenangqondo, ngiphawula ngobuthakathaka besibalo, esishiwo nesiphethwe ku-Arch Linux yiFrance (?), Kungaba nokuhlangana uma ukusho endaweni yokugcina umsebenzisi othile.

      3.- I-Pamixer ne-Xbindkeys: Okushiwo ngala mapakeji amabili, umsebenzi we-Xbindkeys awudluli futhi ungaphansi kokunikeza izinqamuleli zekhibhodi yomsebenzisi (ezingashiywa uma kusetshenziswe imvelo elungiselelwe ngaphambilini, ngiyethemba ukuthi ufunde umhlahlandlela) nalowo kaPamixer (igama lakhe uqobo lisho njalo) umphelelisi wePulseaudio, umsebenzi wawo ukunikeza nokugcina isilawuli somsindo.
      Uphawula ukuthi ukufakwa kwayo akudingekile, ngiyakumema ukuthi wenze isivivinyo endaweni enkulu (i-twm) etholakala ekusatshalalisweni okuningi, uma kukhona engizokushicilela kungenxa yokuthi sengikuqinisekisile.

      Ngalokho okushoyo: "Umbono wokuthi" Zenzele ngokwakho "kudinga ukuthi umsebenzisi azi akwenzayo." Ngiyavuma ngokuphelele, okuyimpoqo, umsebenzisi kumele azi ukuthi wenzani ngohlelo lwakhe, futhi kungukungazi kwangempela ukuthi umsebenzisi owenza "umyalo" (njengoba ushilo), ngaphandle kokuqala abe nolwazi olunjalo.

      Mayelana nokuphawula kwakho: «fihla kumsebenzisi ithuba lokufunda ukwakha ...» ngiyaxolisa kepha ngibona le ngxenye ukuthi uphawule ngokungazi okukhulu, i-Arch Linux iyisabelo esinconywayo sabasebenzisi abaphakathi / abaphambili, kusobala ngalokhu umsebenzisi kumele sebenolwazi olujwayelekile lwangaphambilini mayelana nohlelo, ukuthi umsebenzisi ofanayo angazivumelanisa nezinyathelo ngezidingo zabo ngokufaka esikhundleni / ngokushiya amathuluzi engiwashoyo, kepha ngiyabona ukuthi uphawule ngalokhu ngentshisekelo yokucasula. Kulesi sinyathelo angikwazi ukukhuluma ngokunikeza ubuso bebhulogi, noma kunjalo, uma ngibala abaphathi, ngifuna ukuphawula ukuthi inhloso yakho konke okufakiwe, okokufundisa, izindaba noma yini abathanda ukuyibiza njengamanje eshicilelwe ku-DesdeLinux, ukunikeza umsebenzisi idokhumende lezinhlelo kanye / noma izinqubo umsebenzi wazo oyinhloko oqinisekisiwe futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke okuhambisanayo. Ngalokhu ngiphawula kubo bonke abasebenzisi be-blog, ukuthi abayilandeli imininingwane ethulwa ku-DesdeLinux, uma okuthile kubonakala kuthakazelisa / kungabaza kuyisibopho sabo ukuxhumana nabezindaba abaningi noma umbhali, noma kunjalo, njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, bonke izindatshana ezishicilelwe kuLinux ziyahlaziywa ngaphambi kokuba zishicilelwe, eziqondisa umsebenzisi kulwazi oluthile, oluqinisekisiwe noluphephile ngale ndaba.

      Inhloso enkulu yemihlahlandlela yami eshicilelwe njengamanje ukunikeza umsebenzisi imibhalo efanelekile yezihloko ezishiwoyo, ukuguqula imininingwane ngendlela elula, ngingasho kucace, kubo bonke abasebenzisi futhi kungaqondakala ngendlela enengqondo futhi enengqondo.

      Futhi, ngiyabonga ngokwabelana nenqubo yakho, ngiyaluthanda lolu hlobo lwamazwana, ngoba kuwo sibona amaphutha ethu (uma akhona) futhi sifunda kuwo.

      Ukubingelela okuvela eMexico.

      1.    ThecaTony kusho

        Sawubona, kusobala ukuthi ngeke sifinyelele ekuqondeni mayelana nokuba wusizo noma cha komhlahlandlela, kungumbono wokuzithoba. Ngisekela okwami ​​eqinisweni lokuthi i-Arch akuyona eyabo bonke abantu futhi uma kunjalo, kuzodinga ukuthi umsebenzisi we-novice aqeqeshe ngokubhanka i-wiki (eyisicefe noma cha) ukuze ihambisane nalokho abahlose ukukusebenzisa.
        Angikwazi ukuhlukanisa ukuthi umsebenzi wakho uhlanganiswe nomqondo wezinkomba ezidumile "Okufanele ukwenze ngemuva kokufaka Ubuntu XX.XX" futhi ngikholelwa ukuthi indlela enjalo ayifanelekile kusuka ku-Arch.

        Isib Njalo umshayeli unemibono emincane ngomakhenikha ukuze akwazi ukusebenzisa imoto futhi akubona bonke abacelwa ukuthi baqonde izinto ezithile njengokusebenza komehluko. Manje uma uhlose ukushayela imoto yakwaNascar, kufanele ube nesisekelo esibanzi futhi esiqinile.

        Ngakolunye uhlangothi, isizinda se-archlinux.fr asisemthethweni futhi futhi akushiwo ukuthi yi-repo. Banemvume yokusebenzisa igama kuphela. Uma kusasa othile eguqula ngenhloso iphakethe le-repo eshiwo, ukuba nenketho ethi "SigLevel = Ungalokothi" kuzogcina sekufaka into embi.
        Yilapho ukugxeka kwami ​​okukhulu kuvela khona, izingozi azichazwa, noma isizathu salolu khetho.

        Angibhali ngenhloso yokucasula, ngibamba iqhaza kwizithangami eziningi futhi ukunyathela into yokugcina engithandayo. Lapho ngithi kungenzeka ukuthi ukufunda kufihliwe kumsebenzisi ngiqonde ukukusho ngesizathu:
        Indlela ka-Arch akuyona yokwenza izinto zibe lula, kodwa zilula. Ukulanda amafayela amabili we-PKGBUILD nge-wget, ukusebenzisa i-makepkg bese kuba yi-Sudo pacman -U iphakethe, kufundisa ukuthi ungakha kanjani iphakethe bese ulifaka endaweni yangakini.
        Ngokusishaya indiva lesi sinyathelo esibalulekile, umsebenzisi we-guide akayifundisi nje kuphela, kepha njengoba sengishilo, ugcina ngokubeka engcupheni ukuphepha kohlelo lwakhe engazi.

        Ngiyaxolisa kulabo ababona ukuthi ukuphawula kwami ​​kokuqala kwakweyisa, lokho kwakungeyona inhloso yami. Sala kahle! »

        1.    U-Alejandro Ponce kusho

          Sawubona futhi.
          Okokuqala, le mihlahlandlela ngokusobala ayidluli i-Arch wiki (futhi angizami ukwenza kanjalo), kepha-ke le mihlahlandlela "elula" eyokuqondisa abasebenzisi abafuna ukuba nolwazi oluthe xaxa ngeGnu / Linux, ngoba i-Arch Linux ilula impela futhi ufunda okuningi naye.

          Mayelana ne-Archlinuxfr:
          Ekuqaleni ukhuluma ukuthi i-Arch akuyona eyabasebenzisi abasha / abaphakathi, bese ukhuluma ngolwazi oluncane umsebenzisi okufanele abe nalo ku-Arch (ukufakwa kwamaphakeji).
          Ngokusebenzisa okugcinwa esikhundleni sokwenza ngesandla, uthola izinzuzo nezinkinga (okuyizinto ezingenangqondo futhi ezisobala).
          Okunye ukungalungi kokusebenzisa i-repo ukuthi inani lamaphakeji liyindlala kakhulu, njengoba iningi lisesimweni esiphelelwe yisikhathi, yize lokhu kungisindisa ukufakwa kwamathuluzi (wget, yize ngingawathola amaphakheji ngezinye izindlela).

          Uyasho: "Indlela ka-Arch akuyona yokwenza izinto zibe lula, kodwa zilula ...". Okwakho, yikuphi okulula "okulula"? (kusobala ukuthi isebenza ngemodi yombhalo):

          1.- Faka ikhosombe, uvuselele amakhosombe bese ufaka iphakheji.
          Imiyalo: 2
          # nano /etc/pacman.conf
          # pacman -Syourt

          2.- Sebenzisa izindlela ezithile, decompress iphakethe, iya kukheli lapho iphakethe litholakala khona bese wenza i- $ makepkg -si.
          Imiyalo: 10 (kungabalwa imiyalo yokufaka ithuluzi ukuthola amaphakheji, noma ukufaka i- "&&" edumile.
          $ curl -O https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/pa/package-query/package-query.tar.gz
          $ tar zxvf package-query.tar.gz
          $ cd umbuzo-wephakheji
          # makepkg -si
          $ cd ..
          $ curl -O https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/ya/yaourt/yaourt.tar.gz
          $ tar zxvf yaourt.tar.gz
          $ cd yeourt
          # makepkg -si
          $ cd ..

          Noma kunjalo lezi zinkinga, ake sithi, akunangqondo ukusho, ukufakwa kwephakheji le- "X" nge-repository noma ngesandla.
          Ngaphezu kwalokho, umsebenzisi angasusa indawo yokugcina ngemuva kokufaka iphakheji ye-Yaourt kanye / noma enye ayithandayo, ngaphandle kwenkinga.

          Akungenxa yokuthi kubonakala kungukuzenzisa, njengoba ngicabanga okufanayo nawe, i-Arch Linux uhlelo lapho udinga ukuba nolwazi lwangaphambilini ukufaka nokusebenzisa uhlelo, futhi yize kuzwakala sengathi kuyingane, kukhunjulwa uMalume uBen: «Kuhle amandla eza nomsebenzi omkhulu ”futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke ukwazi ukuthi kwenziwa kanjani.

          Ukubingelela

    3.    ILanga Nokuthula kusho

      Udlala isilima? Lo mhlahlandlela ungukungena kokwazi i-Arch Linux, ukwazi ukuthi kukhona okuthile "okuningi", akusho ukuthi yilona lonke ulwazi oludingekayo ukuphatha i-Arch Linux 100% (ngaphandle kwalowo "olungile"), kodwa ukukhombisa abasebenzisi bokunye ukwabiwa (futhi mhlawumbe nabantu abasha abafuna imininingwane ngeLinux) ngobukhona nokuthi i-Arch Linux isebenza kanjani ngokungakhathali. Futhi lokho okukhombisa ukukwenza kulezi zinkombandlela kuqondiswe ukukwenza kukhompyutha YOKUHLOLA noma kumshini obonakalayo ... Vele ufunde inkomba yokuqala lapho ixwayisa khona ukuthi idiski izohlanzwa.

  7.   F3niX kusho

    Le, iPoringa bukhoma, haha, ngaphandle kwalokho ngiyakuthanda okuthunyelwe, yize abaningi bekugxeka, kukhonjisiwe ukuthi abasebenzisi be-novice bahlala beqala ngokuthunyelwe okunjengale esikhundleni sokuya ngqo ku-wiki, njengoba bencoma, ngemuva kokuba nesisekelo uma finyelela kulezi.

    Ukubingelela

  8.   Izimvilophu kusho

    Usuku owenza ngalo »Faka i-Pantheon ku-Arch Linux.» Ngizokwenzela isikhumbuzo.

    1.    Nicolás kusho

      Sobabili 😀 Ngiyasixhasa isiphakamiso

  9.   UMaykel kusho

    Ngiyakuthanda lokhu okuthunyelwe, ngiyayithanda i-archlinux iyintandokazi yami ngemuva kokuzama konke. Futhi ngokuningiliziwe futhi uchaze ukuthi lokhu kwenzeka kanjani, ufunda izinto eziningi.

    Ngingasho nje, ngiyabonga kakhulu.

  10.   durruti kusho

    Sawubona. Okokuqala, ngiyakuhalalisela kumhlahlandlela nawo wonke umzamo owenzile wokuwenza.
    Ngifake i-arch elandela lo mhlahlandlela wesinyathelo ngesinyathelo futhi cishe yonke into ibinokunethezeka, ngaphandle kwenkinga futhi ihambisa izinyathelo ezinzima kakhulu kwi-wiki esemthethweni.
    Kepha ngithanda ukwenza iphuzu:
    Ekuqaleni ngangilandela umhlahlandlela wesinyathelo ngesinyathelo kepha ngaba nenkinga yokuxhuma ku-inthanethi ngemuva kokuqalisa kabusha i-pc lapho uhlelo selufakiwe. Lapho-ke bengiqhathanisa umhlahlandlela wakho newiki futhi ngabona ukuthi umhlahlandlela wakho awusho nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ukuthi silanda iphakethe lengxoxo elisetshenziselwa imenyu ye-wifi ne-tpco iphakethe le-iw. Ngaphandle kwalawo mapakeji bekungenakwenzeka ukuthi ngikwazi ukuxhuma kwi-inthanethi ngakho-ke angikwazi ukwenza i-pacman ukuvuselela noma ukufaka i-xorg noma yini. Ngibe sengilandela umhlahlandlela wakho kepha ngaphambi kokuqalisa kabusha ngafaka lawo mapakeji njengoba i-wiki isho futhi angibange ngisaba nezinkinga. Angazi noma ngabe ukhohliwe ukubakhuluma noma ngabe kunesinyathelo esiphakathi engisiphuthelwe. Konke okunye, ngiyabonga ngomzamo wokwenza lula kwabasebenzisi be-novice njengami. Ukubingelela.

    1.    joakoej kusho

      Kuya ngekhompyutha, ngilandele i-wiki, kepha benginezinkinga ezithile, ikakhulukazi nge-inthanethi, ngoba bengikwazi ukusebenzisa imenyu ye-wifi, kepha umphathi wenethiwekhi akazange, esikhundleni salokho ngenze into kulo mhlahlandlela, ngafaka ngqo umphathi wenethiwekhi, cha Nginike amandla noma ngakhubaza noma yini njengoba i-wiki isho, futhi umphathi wenethiwekhi ne-wifi bangisebenzele

  11.   ariel kusho

    Umngane weSpanish (Latin America) yi-latam not la-latin1
    Uhlu lungabonakala lapha /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/base.lst
    Sanibonani, ngiyabonga ngomnikelo 🙂

  12.   Jose kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu, kungisizile kakhulu !!!

  13.   Manu kusho

    Umhlahlandlela omangalisayo !! Siyabonga ngokwabelana ngakho, kuhle, lokhu nayo yonke imihlahlandlela yakho ku-Arch.

  14.   joakoej kusho

    Sawubona, ngiyabonga ngesiqondisi, iqiniso ukuthi lingisize kakhulu, ikakhulukazi le ngxenye, angazi ukuthi bekudingeka ngempela yini ukuyenza, kepha lolu lwazi luhlukaniswe kakhulu kwi-wiki, ngakho-ke kuhle konke kukodwa.
    Umhlahlandlela oyisisekelo owubekile nawo ungisizile, empeleni, ngenza izinguquko ezincane ozibeka maqondana ne-wiki enkulu, ngithole uhlelo oluphelele, umphathi wenethiwekhi ubongwa kakhulu, kubonakala ukuthi kufanele ufake lokho one bese ukhohlwa ezinye izinketho, ngoba zakha ukungahambelani, okungenani kwenzeke kimi ukuthi bengingasebenzisa imenyu ye-wifi kuphela.

  15.   archuser kusho

    Ngibona kakhulu.

  16.   Juan Carlos kusho

    Ukubingelela nokuhalalisela ngalezi zifundo ezinhle ezisenza sikhuthazeke ngokwengeziwe ukungena kulo mphakathi omuhle kakhulu weSoftware yamahhala futhi sishiye ngemuva iSoftware ephathelene.
    Ngemuva kwalokho bengifuna ukukutshela ukuthi ngilandela konke okokufundisa kokufakwa kwe-Archilinux kepha i-kde ayizange ilunge nhlobo, i-mozilla ibonakala kimi ingenamphumela, imbi kakhulu, konke okunye kuhle, ngilwa nje kancane ne Ulimi lweSpanishi Ngoba yonke into ayihunyushelwe mina, iMozilla iseseNgilandi futhi imenyu yokuqukethwe yenkinobho yesokudla nayo iyavela ngesiNgisi uma unomusa kangaka ukwazi ukungisiza, ngingakuthokozela kakhulu.
    Ngemuva kokufakwa kwe-yaourt -S pamixer-git, ngigxumela ku-terminal lokhu: Iphakethe elingasekelwa: Okungaba yingozi okuhunyushwe yilokhu: Iphakethe elingasekelwa: Okungaba yingozi, okungaba: ((, ngiyabonga ngakho konke futhi uma unomusa ongisizayo, ngingajabula, imikhonzo futhi sizokubona maduzane.

  17.   Juan Carlos kusho

    Ucezu lomhlahlandlela, ngilufekethisile, futhi ngalandela konke okuya encwadini futhi ngiphelele, ngiyabonga nethimba lonke lale Blog, ngoba ngenxa yakho, iningi lethu liyakhuthazwa ukuthi lisebenze nge-software mahhala, imikhonzo kubo bonke futhi siyabahalalisela ngalo msebenzi omuhle kangaka.

  18.   Juan Carlos kusho

    Umbuzo owodwa uma ungakhulumi kakhulu, umayelana nevolumu yomsindo, kufanele ngiyilungiselele kanjani ukuze njalo lapho ngiqala iseshini akudingeki ngiyilayishe ngoba ihlala phansi futhi njalo lapho ngiqala isikhathi kufanele ngisiphakamise, futhi yini umyalo wokukwazi ukubona i-applet yomsindo, ukubonga nokubingelela.

  19.   German kusho

    GENIUS !!!
    Ngidinga isinyathelo esisodwa kuphela, ukumisa i-Xorg, ungawuthola umhlahlandlela? Ngiyabonga!!!

  20.   umhloli kusho

    Ngibonga isifundo kodwa nginezingqinamba ezi-2
    1.-Kulesi sifundo sokucushwa okuyisisekelo, lapho ngiqeda futhi ngiqala kabusha ngithayipha i-startx futhi ayingivumeli ukuthi ngifake imodi yokuqhafaza, «Imibiko ye-XKEYBOARD keymap compiler (xkbcomp):> isixwayiso: thayipha i-one_level inamazinga ayi-1, kodwa inezimpawu ezi-2 ukungazinaki izimpawu ezingeziwe. Amaphutha avela ku-xkbcomp awabulali ku-x xitit ye-x: uxhumano x iseva elahlekile ilinde i-x server ukuvalwa (EE) Iseva inqanyulwe ngempumelelo (0). Kuvalwa ifayela lokungena. »

    2.-Angikwazi ukuqala amawindi, ayikho ku-grub

    1.    umhloli kusho

      kahle ngasithola isixazululo

  21.   UJuan Pablo kusho

    Umhlahlandlela Omuhle Kakhulu.
    Siyabonga ngokwabelana.

  22.   omaar kusho

    Angazi ukuthi bangangisiza yini, angikwazi ukufaka i-Yaourt, ngithola iphutha elilandelayo lapho ngisebenzisa umyalo Sudo pacman -S yaourt

    Iphakethe lephutha alinaso isiginesha edingekayo
    file / var / cache / pacman / pkg / package-query-1.4-1x86_64.pkg.tar.tz yonakele (iphakethe elingalungile noma elonakele)

  23.   U-Eduardo David Paredes Vara kusho

    Ukhohlwe i-bluetooth kulabo bethu abasebenzisa i-laptop (Noma ngokujwayelekile, ngicabanga).

    Faka i-bluez ne-bluez-utils
    ~ $ sudo pacman -S bluez bluez-utils
    Layisha umshayeli ojwayelekile.
    ~ $ sudo modprobe btusb
    Qala insiza bese uyenza ukuthi iqale ebhuthini
    ~ $ sudo systemctl qala i-bluetooth
    ~ $ sudo systemctl vumela i-bluetooth
    ------------------
    Okulandelayo angazi uma kunesidingo, kepha ngiyakuvulela futhi anginankinga:
    Dala ifayela ku /etc/modules-load.d ngegama bluetooth.conf bese ufaka "btusb" kuyo * Qalisa okulandelayo njengezimpande *
    ~ # echo "btusb"> /etc/modules-load.d/bluetooth.conf

    Bese ufaka i-Front-end ngokuya ngesixhumi esibonakalayo sakho
    Umthombo: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/bluetooth

  24.   U-Alberto Rodriguez kusho

    Okokuqala, isifundo esihle kakhulu osinikeza sona, iqiniso ukuthi bengikade ngingumsebenzisi we-Gnu / Linux isikhathi eside kepha bengingumthandi wama-distros asuselwa ku-Debian manje njengoba sengishintshele ku-Arch I am ngeke ngiyikhiphe isikhashana (ngiyithande kakhulu le distro). Manje umbuzo wami, ingabe ikhona indlela yokulondoloza ushintsho lokukhanya nevolumu? ngoba njalo lapho ngiqala phansi kunginika konke ukukhanya nokuvolumu

  25.   Alejandro kusho

    Sawubona Linuxeros, nginezingqinamba ezintathu:

    1.- Lapho ngiqala okokusebenza futhi ngilayisha imvelo yokuqhafaza, ngifaka umsebenzisi ngiphase, ngithola umyalezo olandelayo «Ukwehluleka ukusebenzisa umyalo wokungena ngemvume».
    2.- Lo myalo awusebenzi kimi $ cp /etc/skel/.xinitrc ~.
    3.- $ sudo pacman -S yaourt, angikwazi ukuyifaka, iphutha: i-target ayitholakalanga: i-yaourt

    Konke okunye ngaphandle kwezinkinga, ngiyabonga.

    Ukubingelela

    1.    Alejandro kusho

      Ngiyixazulule ukusuka lapha, imikhonzo.
      https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Xinitrc_(Espa%C3%B1ol)

  26.   u-omar kusho

    Sawubona, sawubona, sithandwa sami!

    Nginenkinga engangivumeli ukuthi ngiqede ukumiswa okuyisisekelo kwe-Archi

    inketho engu-3

    ENGEZA IZIKHUNGO ZESEKHONDARI

    $ sudo nano /etc/pacman.conf

    akuveli kufayela;
    [multilib]
    Faka i- = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

    futhi njengoba lokhu kungezwa ngesandla kanye ne- [archlinuxfr]
    SigLevel = Akukaze
    Iseva = http://repo.archlinux.fr/$arch

    kepha lapho wenza umyalo: $ sudo pacman -Sy

    Ngithola iphutha: angikwazanga ukuthola ifayela < >

    Ungangisiza ngale nkinga? Ngimusha ekufakeni umlando futhi angazi ukuthi ngililungisa kanjani leli phutha.

    1.    engaziwa kusho

      Inkinga yakho ikulungiselelo lwe-
      [multilib]
      Faka i- = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
      Bheka ukuthi ubhale kahle yini.

  27.   Viktor kusho

    Ngiyacela, ngingakuthokozela ukufaka izithombe zosizo njengoba wenza ekufakweni, angikwazi ukufaka i-arch linux ngokuphelele, futhi ngihlala lapha 🙁

  28.   noob kusho

    sawubona ngilandele umhlahlandlela wakho amahlandla ambalwa nakho konke okuhle, (iphutha le-virtualbox) bengifuna ukusho nje ukuthi ubungekho abashayeli bomsindo.
    yilungise nge-pacman -S pulseaudio
    ngiyabonga ngomnikelo futhi ngiyaxolisa ngokungalungile

  29.   Edwin kusho

    Ngingathanda ukwazi ukuthi i-LXQT izofakwa kanjani

    Gracias

  30.   UGabriel Cervantes kusho

    Sawubona, unjani? Umbuzo owodwa, uma ingekho i-yogurt eyayiyikhosombe elihle kakhulu lamaphakeji ahlukahlukene. Usebenzisa ini?!, Ngingathanda ukwazi umbono wakho nokuthi uwafaka kanjani,
    Ngale ndlela, izindatshana ezinhle kakhulu, bengilokhu ngibonisana nazo iminyaka eminingana manje njengoba ngisebenzisa i-ArchLinux
    Ukulawula,