Ukusatshalaliswa ngokuhamba kwesikhathi kwe-Linux distros

Bafundi abahle!

Inhloso enkulu yale ndatshana emfushane ukwazisa labo abangayazi noma abasibone kuphela ngokudlula mhlawumbe njengesifiso, isithombe esisikhombisa Ukusatshalaliswa ngokuhamba kwesikhathi kwe-Linux distros. Kuzoba njengohambo olujabulisayo - kungani kungenjalo? - emephini engiyibona ifundisa kakhulu futhi iyathakazelisa.

Ngaphandle kokungeniswa okwengeziwe ake singene odabeni.

Ama-Distros amathathu okuQala ngokusho komugqa wesikhathi we-GNU / Linux Distribution

Ukuze bakwazi ukuhamba nami kahle ngalolu hambo, into yokuqala okufanele bayenze ukulanda kusuka kusayithi «I-GNU / LUmugqa wesikhathi wokusabalalisa we-inux»Isithombe esimele Ukusatshalaliswa ngokuhamba kwesikhathi kwe-Linux distros. Ngaleyo ndlela sizoxhumana nge I-GUI futhi hhayi noyedwa Console. 😉

 

Umugqa wesikhathi we-Linux Distribution - Wikipedia

Kuleyo webhusayithi banikela ngenguqulo engu-12.10 yango-2012-10-29, engalandwa ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene. Masibonge abaphathi besiza abazethula njengo- A. Lundqvist y D. Rodic. Ngokufanayo UFabio loli isinikeza isithombe esibuyekeziwe kuze kube yimanje esingabuka kuso Wikipedia.

Sivula isithombe, eside impela futhi sincane, bese sikhetha ukusondeza kufinyelele ku-100% ukuze sifunde amagama ngokucacile okuthile. Ngendlela esibona ngayo ingxenye yokusatshalaliswa komuthi omkhulu ngokweqile - weLinux.

Ukuzulazula emfanekisweni ofundisayo futhi ngaphandle kokungena engxoxweni yefilosofi yefilosofi-yomlando mayelana nokuthi ngubani owafika kuqala, uma inkukhu noma iqanda, sizazisa ukuthi endala noma iningi Okokuqala Ama-Distros fueron Debian, Slackware y I-Red Hat, ngokulandelana kusuka phezulu kuye phansi, noma ukusuka kwesobunxele uye kwesokudla uma sizungezisa isithombe ama-degree angama-90 kwesobunxele.

Impela sizohlangana ama-distros que AKUZALWANGA kunoma yikuphi kokuQala kokuThathu nokuthi babephila okungenani kuze kube sekupheleni kuka-2012, lapho isithombe sashicilelwa. Phakathi kwabo sizobalula i-webOS, i-Openwall, i-OpenWRT, iDeveli, iSmothWall GPL, iPuppy, i-Black Jug, i-Linux Console,  Umthakathi, iGoboLinnux, i-RIP, i-NixOS, i-SliTaz, i-Enoch (i-Gentoo isuselwe kuyo), Alpine, Rock, Linux Kusuka ekuqaleni, 0 (yebo, ikhona noma ikhona i-distro enalelo gama), Ark, uClinux, Coyote, BrazilFW, Zeroshell, ELInOS, KaelOS, Penaut, CRUX, Arch, Specific, Openfiler, njll. njll. njll. njll., njll. nokunye engikushiyile noma okwanyamalala phakathi kuka-2012 no-2016, kwabasha abazalwa ngesikhathi esifanayo, noma kulabo abazofika.

Sifuna ukuveza ukuthi izibulo lika Slackware fue I-SuSE, owamvusa esemncane ngokwedlulele. I-Red Hat futhi wayenenzalo yokuqala ku I-WGS Linux Pro, kodwa impilo yaleyo ndodana yayimfushane kakhulu.

  • Kuyacaca ukuthi ukusatshalaliswa okudala kakhulu endaweni yonke yeLinux futhi okusalokhu kuphila namuhla, Debian, Slackware y I-Red Hat.
  • LIsitatimende esedlule asisho ukuthi yizabelo ezikhululeke kakhulu yomsebenzisi wokugcina noma ngawe.

Usayizi womndeni ngamunye we-First Three Distros

Lesi sithombe kuhle ukusishintshanisa ukusazisa ngezikhundla ezahlukahlukene. Uma siyishintshanisa ngama-degree angama-90 noma siyibeka phansi sibheke phansi, kusabonakala ukuthi Inzalo eningi kakhulu nguDebian. Kungani kunjalo, umuntu uyazibuza? Angicabangi ukuthi kungenxa yokuthi yiyona kakhulu sexy y hot kwabathathu bokuqala. 😉

Osayizi bemindeni yezingane ezimbili zakwaDebian nabo babalulekile: I-Knoppix y Ubuntu.

Bese umndeni uyalandela I-Red Hat, ekugcineni i Slackware.

  • Ngokombono wokuqhathanisa singaqinisekisa ukuthi ukuhleleka ngokwemigomo ye- Usayizi womndeni we-First Three Distros yile: I-Debian -> Red Hat -> I-Slackware.

I-Linux ihlukaniswe kakhulu. Ngikhetha yiphi i-distro?

Esihlokweni engisishicilele esinesihloko esithi «Inkululeko yokuzikhethela«NgoJuni 24, 2013, ngethula imibono yami yokuthi ungakhetha kanjani ukwabiwa kunikezwe ubukhona bangempela bokuningi kakhulu ama-distros, futhi ngabhekisa kufayela le- ITrunk Distros noma iFirst Distros njengesiqalo esihle. Kokubili lapho nalapha ngiyakugcina lokho yilowo nalowo ukhetha ngokombono wakhe, ukuqonda noma isizathu. Asikwazi ukunikeza umhlahlandlela ongenaphutha kulokhu.

Kwenye indatshana enesihloko esithi «Kungani ngisebenzisa iDebian kudeskithophu yami?«, Ishicilelwe ngoMashi 27, 2013, ngachaza izizathu zami ngaleyo ndaba futhi akunzima kakhulu ukucabanga ukuthi ngisazigcina. 😉

  • Ungaphika ukuthi iLinux ihlukene phakathi?. Yini eyasuka ekubeni yiSolar System neSun Linux yayo namaplanethi ayo amathathu iDebian, iSlackware, iRed Hat, yaba yiNdawo Yonke enezinkanyezi, amaLanga namanye ama-Astros?.
  • Wena mfundi othandekayo noma umsebenzisi wokugcina, kufanele ukhethe ngokuhlakanipha ukuthi yikuphi ukusatshalaliswa okuzokhethwa phakathi kolwandle olukhulu lwama-distros akhona. Ukuhlelwa kokudume kakhulu kungaba yindawo enhle yokuqala.
  • Sikumema futhi ukuthi ulandele izindatshana ezishicilelwe noma ezizoshicilelwa ku-DesdeLinux, okuzokusiza impela ukuthola ideskithophu noma iseva ehloniphekile kusuka ekusabalalisweni okubili okuqondiswe ngokuqinile endaweni yebhizinisi i-OpenSuSE (SuSE-Slackware) ne-CentOS (Red Hat), noma ukuqala ku-Debian.

Iziphetho

  • Ngemuva kohambo, fundisa umfundi ngamunye iziphetho zakhe bese uphawula ngazo

Kuze isitolimende esilandelayo!


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-18, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Omar kusho

    Ngafunga, ukuthi iSuSE yayisuselwa kuRedHat ... Ngiyamangala ukuthi yindodakazi kaSlackware ...

  2.   phico kusho

    Sawubona Omar. Ngine-7 PM namuhla ukuphendula imibono. Kusasa kuzoba ngolunye usuku. Ukudideka kwakho kungavela kufomethi yamaphakeji asetshenziswa i-RHEL, CentOS, SuSE, OpenSuSE nabanye, okuyi-RPM.

  3.   i-pedruchini kusho

    Kulowo "umugqa wesikhathi", ukuphi uLxle, ngokususelwa kuLubuntu?

  4.   karlggest kusho

    Sawubona!

    I-Slackware okungenani izinyanga ezimbili ezindala kune-Debian. Futhi akukho nokukodwa kokuthathu ukusatshalaliswa kokuqala, okungabonakala kugrafu uqobo. Eqinisweni, ku-wikipedia bakhomba izinto ezimbili ezithokozisayo (1):

    1) Ukuqhubeka phakathi kwe-SLS neSlackware, okuthi ngandlela thile kukhombe kubo bobabili njengokwabiwa okuphelele kokuqala.
    2) Ukukhungatheka nge-SLS njengesizathu sokuthi u-Ian Murdock aqale iphrojekthi ye-Debian.

    Ngokuqondene ne-SuSE Linux yaqala ngokususelwa kuSlackware, kodwa-ke kuJurix (2). Ukufana neRed Hat ekuqaleni kuncishiswe kwaba yi-package, yize manje sekuyinto ejwayelekile ngabo ukuthi bathuthukise noma bacindezele ubuchwepheshe ndawonye, ​​njengama-btrfs.

    (1) https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/SLS_Linux_(Softlanding_Linux_System)
    (2) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SUSE_Linux_distributions#Origins
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SUSE_Linux_distributions#SUSE_distributions

    Ezempilo !!

  5.   phico kusho

    Ngiyaphinda ngiyasho ukuthi ngine-7pm namuhla kuphela ukuphendula imibono. Kusasa, ngiyathembisa, ngizophendula enye.

    Pedruchini, ngicabanga ukuthi usho igama elifushanisiwe elithi LXDE elikhomba ideskithophu, noma imvelo yedeskithophu, ekhonjiswa ukusetshenziswa kwayo okuphansi kwemithombo yezinsimbi. Ngicabanga ukuthi ideskithophu elula kunazo zonke efana ne-GNOME, KDE, Cinnamon, MATE, XFCE, ne-LXDE uqobo. Ngincoma ukuthi uvakashele https://blog.desdelinux.net/escritorios-debian/
    ngakho-ke unombono ngakho. Akusho ukuthi i-LXDE ikhethekile ku-Debian. Ngokuphambene nalokho. Ungathola ukuthi ungayisebenzisa kanjani kokunye ukusatshalaliswa kweLinux.

    1.    joselu68 kusho

      Sawubona, uPedruchini uqinisile. I-Lxle iyisabelo, enedeskithophu ye-LXDE, etholakala ku-Lubuntu 😉

      1.    phico kusho

        Uqinisile. Ngithole kuwe, uPedruchini noJoselu68, ukuthi i-distro enjalo ikhona. Ngisanda kuvakashela i-distrowatch.com, futhi impela iyi-LXLE ngokususelwa ku-Debian, Lubuntu. Siyabonga ngokucaciswa!.

  6.   phico kusho

    Siyabonga ngokuphawula nangokucacisa, uKarlggest. Esihlokweni sisho kuphela ukuthi "bangama-distros okuqala okuphila kuze kube yilolu suku", ngaphandle kokuthuthuka kwabo okuqhubekayo. Akunakuphikwa ukuthi, ngandlela thile, lawa ma-distros amathathu ashiwo angena kulelo qembu. Abaningi babo bazalwa njengamaProjekthi futhi kamuva baba ukusatshalaliswa kanjalo.

  7.   I-HO2Gi kusho

    Uxolo kodwa i-Ututo ayitholakalanga ku-Ubuntu? kanye ne-Tuquito-Linux

    1.    phico kusho

      En http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=ututo Basazisa ukuthi i-UTUTO, ukusatshalaliswa okungasebenzi, kuvela e-Argentina, futhi kusekelwe ku-GENTOO

  8.   phico kusho

    "I-Tuquito" isuselwa ku-Debian, Ubuntu. Yi-Argentina, enamadeski eCinnamon. I-GNOME, i-LXDE, ngokusho kwe- distrowatch.com

  9.   Mauro kusho

    Kuthiwani ngokusebenzisa inguqulo entsha yeshadi? https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Linux_Distribution_Timeline.svg

    1.    Francisco kusho

      Weza ukuzophakamisa okufanayo. : Kuhle:

    2.    Luigys toro kusho

      Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokunikela kwakho, siyivuselele i-athikili yokuqala 🙂

  10.   Federico kusho

    Sonto elihle, Mauro. Siyabonga ngokuphawula. Ngivakashele ikhasi le-Wikipedia olisho nge-Links2 browser yami, futhi isithombe ngokuqinisekile sisesikhathini. Umkhuba udlala ngathi. Ama-copyright ahlala "Copyright (C) 2010-2012 Andreas Lundqvist, Donjan Rodic". Kepha kumlando we-Archive - Umlando Wefayela, uKonimex uyibuyekeza kuze kube nguJanuwari 28, 2016, ngoba ababhali bayo bokuqala banqume ukungaphinde bayibuyekeze. Ake sibheke ukuthi uLuigys, uMlawuli we-FromLinux, angayibuyekeza ngamazwibela abhekisela kusixhumanisi se-Wikipedia. Ngiyabonga futhi, Mauro, ngokubona okunembile kanjalo.

    1.    Luigys toro kusho

      Sivuselele isithombe esikhulu, ngithatha ithuba ukukubonga ngomsebenzi omkhulu owenzela umphakathi wakwaLinux, lo mbhalo ungumbono omuhle kakhulu wokusatshalaliswa ngesikhathi seLinux Distros ezahlukahlukene. Kubalulekile ukwazi lonke ushintsho obekufanele iLinux ibe yilokho eliyikho namuhla, ngendlela efanayo futhi kusinikeza umbono wesikhathi esizayo wayo yonke into engase ifike kithi

  11.   Federico kusho

    Luigys: kusuka ku-Links2 yami ngiyabonga ngokuphawula kwakho. Ake ngibheke ukuthi ngiqedela okuthunyelwe kokuqala mayelana neCentOS Hypervisor namuhla. U-Eduardo Noel ulanda amakhosombe e-li.nux.ro/download/nux/dextop/el7/x86_64/ nabanye, ngamaphakeji we-multimedia adingekayo ukwenza ideskithophu. Kuleli sonto useholidini. Okwangesonto elizayo ngizoba nabo engibaphethe. Ukubingelela nempumelelo.

  12.   ULuis Tz Fernandez kusho

    Ukuhlukahluka okukhulu nokuhlukaniswa kokusatshalaliswa kweLinux kuletha inkinga yangempela. Uma isoftware yamahhala ingalungiswa, ayisoze yakwazi ukulinganisa isoftware ephathelene. Kuyadingeka ukuthi abadali bahlangane futhi banake kakhulu ifilosofi kaRichard Stallman, kuyadingeka ukulwa nesoftware ephathelene nayo yonke imikhakha.

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