[Kanjani] Izinhlelo ze-Debian Testing + Mate +

I-Mate imfoloko (isuselwe) evela kukhodi yomthombo ye- I-Gnome 2Enguqulweni yayo yamanje, amaphakethe amaningi nemitapo yolwazi engasasebenzi sekushintshwe ubuchwepheshe obusha obutholakala ku-GLib.

Izicelo eziningi zeGnome zaqanjwa kabusha kuMate, isibonelo yile:

  • Ibhokisi - Imenenja yefayela (evela eNautilus)
  • Ipeni - Isihleli Sombhalo (kusuka kwaGedit)
  • Iso Lomlingani - Umbukeli Wezithombe (kusuka ngeso le-GNOME)
  • I-Lectern - Isibukeli Semibhalo (kusuka ku-Evince)
  • Okuyisisekelo - Ithuluzi Lokuminyanisa (kusuka ku-File Roller)
  • I-MATE Terminal - i-Terminal emulator (kusuka eGnome Terminal)

Ungathola eminye imininingwane ku:
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/MATE
http://mate-desktop.org/

Ngokuyinhloko ngikhethe le ndawo yedeskithophu ngoba ivumelana kahle, kahle ... kahle, kahle kakhulu, kumakhompyutha anezinsizakusebenza ezincane.

Ngikuhlolile kuma-laptops amabili ahlukene, enye i-32Bit 1G RAM HP Centrino endala kanti enye iyi-64Bit 2G RAM Asus Atom.

Owokuqala nge-Debian Testing bese owesibili ngohlobo oluzinzile, iqiniso ukuthi baziphatha ngokumangalisayo futhi bayamanzi impela.

Ukuqala silanda isithombe se-Debian Netinstall nge-firmware yekhadi lenethiwekhi:

I-32Bits ne-64Bits izakhiwo eziningi kwifayela elifanayo leDebian Stable:
http://ftp.acc.umu.se/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/firmware-7.7.0-amd64-i386-netinst.iso

Ukuhlolwa kweDebian okufanayo kodwa kwehlukile, angazi ukuthi kungani kepha kunginike iphutha ekwakhiweni kwezakhiwo eziningi.

32Amabhithi:
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/weekly-builds/i386/iso-cd/firmware-testing-i386-netinst.iso

64Amabhithi:
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/weekly-builds/amd64/iso-cd/firmware-testing-amd64-netinst.iso

Ukuze uyikopishele endaweni yokugcina evulekile ye-pendrive:

sudo fdisk -l

Izokhipha into enjengale:

IDiski / i-dev / sda: 1500.3 GB, 1500301910016 byte amakhanda angama-255, imikhakha / ithrekhi engama-63, amasilinda angama-182401, imikhakha engama-2930277168 esewonke ama-Units = 1 * 512 imikhakha = 512 amabhayithi Usayizi womkhakha (okunengqondo / ngokomzimba): 512 bytes / 4096 byte I / Usayizi we-O (ubuncane / ubuncane): 4096 byte / 4096 bytes Disk ID: 0x2bd2c32a Start Start End Block Id System / dev / sda1 * 2048 83888127 41943040 83 Linux / dev / sda3 83888128 2930276351 1423194112 5 Extended / dev / sda5 167776256 I-692064255 Linux / dev / sda262144000 83 6 692066304 2917693439 Linux / dev / sda1112813568 83 7 2917695488 2930276351 Linux swap / Solaris Disk / dev / sdh: 2004 MB, 2004877312 64 32 byte amakhanda angama-1912, imikhakha engama-3915776 / ithrekhi, amasilinda ayi-1, imikhakha engama-512 esewonke Amayunithi = 512 * 512 imikhakha = 512 amabhayithi Usayizi womkhakha (okunengqondo / ngokomzimba): 512 amabhayithi / 512 amabhayithi Usayizi we-I / O (ubuncane / optimal): Ama-0 byte / ama-74 byte Isikhombi sediski: 3401x1b64f Isistimu Yokuqala Yokuqedwa Kwedivayisi ye-Id / dev / sdh581631 * 290784 83 XNUMX XNUMX Linux

Ubheka kahle ukuthi iyiphi i-pendrive yakho, kimi kunjalo / dev / sdh, ephawulwe ngombala obomvu yi-hard drive.

Futhi ekugcineni okuvela kufolda efanayo lapho kutholakala khona ifayela le-ISO

$ sudo dd if=firmware-testing-amd64-netinst.iso of=/dev/sdh bs=4M

Enye indlela yokukopisha amafayela e-iso ku-USB nge-Unetbootin utility
http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/

Uma i-unetbootin ingakopishi amafayela we-firmware kwifolda ye-firmware ye-pendrive, yilayishe kusuka
lesi sixhumanisi namakhophi angafakwanga kuziphu kufolda ye-firmware ye-usb

Testing
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/jessie/current/firmware.tar.gz

Iqinile
http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/wheezy/current/firmware.tar.gz

Lapho siqala ikhompyutha nge-usb, ngincoma ukuthi ufake i-Debian enguqulweni oyifunayo, yenze ngqo kwimodemu ngentambo ejwayelekile ye-rj45 yenethiwekhi noma ikhebula le-rj45 crossover kwenye ikhompyutha eyabelana nge-inthanethi.

Ihlala ikhomba kunketho yenethiwekhi enentambo ekufakweni kweDebian. (eth0)

Ngoba uma uhlelo selufakiwe, lapho uqala kabusha ngaphandle kwemvelo yokuqhafaza, uzosala ngaphandle kokuxhumeka, akukho zimpawu ekufakweni kwe-debian inketho yenethiwekhi ye-Wi-Fi (imvamisa i-wlan0).

phuzekhemisi

Ngemuva kokuqala kokufakwa kwe-Debian, angizukuchaza kabanzi ngalesi sihloko ngoba kunamabhukwana amaningi, kepha ngincoma kulabo abafaka kwi-laptop ukuthi uma kukhulunywa ngezinketho zokuhlukanisa ozikhethayo «Kuqondisiwe - sebenzisa yonke idiski futhi ulungiselele i-LVM ebetheliwe»

phuzekhemisi

phuzekhemisi

Le ndlela ibukeka kanjani kusuka ekufakweni kokuqhafaza

Kunezincwajana ezahlukahlukene zokufakwa engizibekile:
http://unbrutocondebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/09/instala-debian-7-para-torpes.html
https://blog.desdelinux.net/instalacion-de-debian-6-paso-a-paso/
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/05/instalar-debian-gnulinux-squeeze-60.html

Ukufaka i-Debian ngezingxenye ezibetheliwe
http://perezmeyer.blogspot.com.es/2011/01/instalando-debian-squeeze-con.html
http://www.ac.usc.es/docencia/ASR/Tema_2html/node7.html
http://wiki.debianchile.org/InstalarDebianParticionCifrada#Instalar_Debian_con_partici.2BAPM-n_cifrada
http://j2sg.wordpress.com/2013/10/03/servidor-debian-montaje-e-instalacion-con-raid-luks-y-lvm/

Uma ufika esikrinini sokukhetha uhlelo lwe-tasksel, kufanele ususe ukumaka "imvelo yedeskithophu" njengasesithombeni ukufaka kamuva iMate kukhonsoli lapho siqala kabusha.

phuzekhemisi

Ukucacisa ... Izinqolobane zemanuwali zivela ekuhlolweni kweDebian (jessie), ukube bekuzinze nge-debian bekungaba (isondo)

Iqedile ukufaka yaqala kabusha ikhompyutha:
Sivula ifayela lezinqolobane

# nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Sengeza

# Mate
deb http://repo.mate-desktop.org/debian jessie main
deb http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/debian jessie main
deb http://mirror1.mate-desktop.org/debian jessie main

Buyekeza ama-repos bese ufaka ukhiye we-mate repo

#apt-get update
#apt-get install mate-archive-keyring
#apt-get update

Uma unenkinga yokuncika, faka le mitapo yolwazi kuqala

# apt-get install libmatewnck=1.6.0-1 libmatewnck-common=1.6.0-1

Futhi-ke ungafaka wonke amaphakheji wemvelo ye-Mate, iseva ye-xorg kanye nomphathi wokufinyelela wokuqhafaza we-ligthdm

# apt-get install mate-core mate-desktop-environment xorg lightdm
# apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-extra

Ukungena ngemvume ngokuzenzakalela, hlela ifayela

# pluma /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf

Futhi shintsha "# autologin-user =" by
umsebenzisi we-autologin =Umsebenzisi wami

Siyaqhubeka
Manje ezinye izakhiwo ezidingekayo zokwenza ukucushwa kwe-Wi-Fi kube lula nokufakwa kohlelo phakathi kwabanye

# apt-get install network-manager-gnome gdebi xdg-user-dirs synaptic

Ukwakha amafolda womsebenzisi: (Ukulanda, Imibhalo, Umculo, Izithombe, njll)
xdg-user-dirs-update

Faka i-Sudo:

# apt-get install sudo

# nano /etc/sudoers

Sengeza umugqa olandelayo ngaphansi kwe- "root ALL = (ALL: ALL) ALL"

mi_usuario    ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

Futhi sigcina nge-Ctrl + O ne-Ctrl + X.

Qalisa imvelo yokuqhafaza ye-Mate
isiqalo

Qaphela: ungakhohlwa ukuthi uyizimpande, kungcono ukuthi manje uvale bese uqala kabusha ngomsebenzisi wakho

I-Multi-Architecture evela ku-Debian 7 Wheezy
Kuhlelo lwe-AMD64 into yokuqala ukwengeza ukwakhiwa kwe-i386:

$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 && apt-get update

bese ufaka imitapo yolwazi i386:

$ sudo apt-get install ia32-libs

Ukususa Izakhiwo:

$ sudo dpkg --remove-architecture i386

Faka ama-repos we-Deb-multimedia bese ufaka ama-codec

Kusuka esigungwini: ngokhiye u-Alt + F2 bese uthayipha i-mate-terminal

$ sudo pluma /etc/apt/sources.list


# Deb-multimedia
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org jessie main non-free

Siyonga, bese sibuyekeza amaphakheji bese sifaka ukhiye wokugcina we-deb-multimedia

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install deb-multimedia-keyring
$ sudo apt-get update

- Izinqolobane zinokhiye wokuqinisekisa. Uma uma benza ukuvuselelwa kokutholwa bathola umyalezo owodwa noma eminingi yalolu hlobo njengesibonelo “NO_PUBKEY D6B6DB186A68F637 "Isixazululo sinjengempande noma sinesudo:

$ sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com D6B6DB186A68F637

Ukufaka amaCodec nabanye

$ sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2 faad gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-x gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-plugins-base gstreamer0.10-plugins-good gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly ffmpeg lame twolame vorbis-tools libquicktime2 libfaac0 libmp3lame0 libxine1-all-plugins libxine2-all-plugins-libdvdread4 libdvdnav4 libmad0 libavutil51 sox libxvidcore4 libavcodec53 libavcodec54 libavdevice53 libavdevice54 libstdc++5 build-essential checkinstall make automake cmake autoconf git git-core flashplugin-nonfree x264

Okwezinhlelo ezingama-64-bit:

$ sudo apt-get install w64codecs

Okwezinhlelo ezingama-32-bit:

$ sudo apt-get install w32codecs

Abashayeli bamahhala:

$ sudo apt-get install firmware-linux-nonfree

I-OpenJDK, umthombo ovulekile Java

$ sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre icedtea-7-plugin

Amathuluzi wokucindezela / wokunciphisa

$ sudo apt-get install rar unrar zip unzip unace bzip2 lzop p7zip-full p7zip-rar

Amafonti we-typographic

$ sudo apt-get install fonts-freefont-otf texlive-fonts-extra ttf-mscorefonts-installer

Izinzwa ezincane nezokushisa

$ sudo apt-get install lm-sensors
$ sudo sensors-detect

Uma ufuna lezo ezivela ku-hard drive

$ sudo apt-get install hddtemp
$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure hddtemp

Imininingwane yohlelo namathuluzi

$ sudo apt-get install hardinfo disk-manager gparted bleachbit wine parcellite unetbootin htop xterm mc testdisk foremost cryptkeeper gtkhash fslint keepass2 gnote mat deja-dup samba

I-antivirus

$ sudo apt-get install clamav clamtk

Isicishamlilo

$ sudo apt-get install ufw gufw

Multimedia

$ sudo apt-get install audacious audacious-plugins soundconverter devede audacity vlc clementine gnome-mplayer xfburn acetoneiso isomaster

Ukudweba nezithombe

$ sudo apt-get install gimp-gap gimp-resynthesizer gimp-dcraw gimp-ufraw gimp-texturize gimp-data-extras inkscape pinta

Ukuthumela imiyalezo ne-imeyili

$ sudo apt-get install pidgin pidgin-encryption icedove icedove-l10n-es-es

Uma ufuna iklayenti le-imeyili elilula kune-icedove

$ sudo apt-get install sylpheed

Internet

$ sudo apt-get install iceweasel iceweasel-l10n-es-es browser-plugin-vlc uget remmina remmina-plugin-nx qbittorrent

Futhi:

- I-Spotify:
Landa amaphakheji wesakhiwo sakho futhi iklayenti le-gnome lifake nge-gdebi
http://repository.spotify.com/pool/non-free/s/spotify/
Udinga umtapo wezincwadi we-libssl0.9.8, uwulande ngokusho kobuciko.
http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/o/openssl/libssl0.9.8_0.9.8o-4squeeze14_amd64.deb
http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/o/openssl/libssl0.9.8_0.9.8o-4squeeze14_i386.deb

Uma kwenzeka ngidinga umtapo wolwazi ngiyibheka kuwo http://www.debian.org/distrib/packages#search_packages

- I-Skype:
http://www.skype.com/es/download-skype/skype-for-linux/downloading/?type=debian32

- Umhloli weqembu:
http://www.teamviewer.com/es/download/linux.aspx

- Wuala:
https://www.wuala.com/es/download/linux

- Eyinqolobane:
https://www.dropbox.com/install?os=lnx

- I-Sopcast:
https://sopcast-player.googlecode.com/files/sopcast-player-0.8.5.tar.gz
http://download.easetuner.com/download/sp-auth.tgz
http://www.sopcast.com/download/libstdcpp5.tgz

Kumafolda lapho akhona nakuvela esigungwini uvule amafayela kuziphu

$ tar -zxvf sopcast-player-0.8.5.tar.gz
$ tar -zxvf sp-auth.tgz
$ tar -zxvf libstdcpp5.tgz

Kopisha imitapo yolwazi ku- / usr / bin bese ufaka i-Gettext python-glade2

$ sudo cp ./sp-auth/sp-sc-auth /usr/bin/
$ sudo cp -a ./usr/lib/libstdc++.so.5* /usr/bin/
$ sudo apt-get install gettext python-glade2

Compila e instala desde la carpeta sopcast-player

$ cd sopcast-player/
$ sudo make && sudo make install

- I-Jdownloader:
Landa ifayela (MULTIOS ZIP)
http://jdownloader.org/download/index

Uvula iziphu kufolda yasekhaya, ivuselelwa lapho uqala bese wenza isixhumanisi esiqondile kwimenyu, ebhokisini lomyalo:
Java -jar '/home/username/Jdownloader/JDownloader.jar'

- I-Wifiguard:
http://www.softperfect.com/products/wifiguard/

Uma i-wifi ingakusebenzeli ngoba udinga ama-firmwares, khumbula ukuthi unawo kuphakheji firmare.tar.gz eshiwo ngenhla kumanuwali.

Uyidlulisela kufolda, uyivule iziphu bese ufaka iphakethe olidingayo nge-gdebi imidwebo noma ikhonsoli.
Ukubona ukuthi yiliphi ikhadi elingenantambo onalo ekusebenziseni ikhompyutha yakho kusuka ku-terminal:

$ lspci | grep -w Wireless
ó
$ lsusb | grep -w Wireless

Uyifaka ngomyalo

$ sudo dpkg -i xxx-paquete-xxx.deb

Abashayeli be-Ati ne-nvidia (kungani uyiphinda, ungayifunda lapha)
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2007/06/instalar-driver-libre-ati-aceleracin-3d.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/07/ati-radeon-hd-3200-series.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/08/nouveau-con-aceleracion-3d.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2007/06/instalar-driver-de-nvidia-aceleracin-3d.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2011/01/nvidia-driver-privado-oficial.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/2012/07/debian-squeeze-instalar-driver-nvidia.html

Iqiniso ukuthi le ndawo enemingcele ye-Debian ekupheleleni.

Impela kukhona engikushiyile ngemuva, njengoba ngikhumbula ukuthi ngizokungeza.

http://foro.desdelinux.net/viewtopic.php?id=3001


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-7, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   izinga kusho

    Siyaxolisa kumbhali wokuthunyelwe nakubo bonke abasebenzisi. Besinganakile ukuthi ukuphawula kukhutshaziwe.

  2.   AurosZx kusho

    Ukuhlolwa kwe-Debian + MATE = lokho abantu baseCanaima Linux okufanele ngabe bakwenze uma befuna ukwaziswa okwengeziwe ... ngihlala ngikusho. Ngiyabonga nge-HowTo, ngizoyishiya ngiyizintandokazi 🙂

  3.   amafu kusho

    Inhlanganisela enhle kakhulu, ezuza ifa ledeskithophu kusuka ku-Gnome 2 ne-Debian Testing. Umhlahlandlela onconywe kakhulu wokuba nohlelo isikhashana. Lapho ngishintshela ku-KDE, bengilahlekelwa amaphakheji abuyekezwe kakhulu, kepha kungenjalo icishe iphelele.

  4.   Ator kusho

    Okuthunyelwe kwe-Ecelente kuyakwazisa. kuma-newbies afuna iDebian nomlingani wami ngincoma iPoint Linux. Siyabonga ngalawa makhasi amahle kakhulu. Jabulela

    1.    khuki7 kusho

      Akukona ukukopela kwemithombo okhuluma ngayo uNebukadinesari inkosi yaseBabiloni, kuyisifinyezo njengesikhumbuzo sezindlela ezahlukahlukene zokufaka i-debian nokufaka izinhlelo ezingaba wusizo, imithombo ikumanyuwali ahlukahlukene nezifundo Ngifunde eminyakeni ngathola ku-Oracle = >> https://www.google.es/
      Lapha ungathola amabhukwana amaningi ebengiwaqoqa. (Ngandlela-thile, emasontweni ambalwa ezayo ngizobuyekeza ukuthi sengilahliwe)
      https://www.dropbox.com/sh/rmkkip7t4baob8p/vSlapwfcb-

  5.   neysonv kusho

    okokufundisa okuhle kakhulu, bengifuna isifundo esinjengalesi. ngifakelwe i-lmde kepha ngifuna ukufaka ukuhlolwa kwe-debian ngqo