Ngiwathola kanjani amadokhumenti ngaphakathi kwesistimu yami ye-GNU / Linux

Eziningi zalezo ezintsha emhlabeni I-GNU / Linux zigcwele ukungabaza futhi azikwazi ukuthola impendulo esheshayo ezinkathazweni zazo, kwesinye isikhathi azinakho nokuxhumana okufinyelela kuzo isithangami sokusekelwa futhi ekugcineni bagcine benombono wokuthi iLinux inzima kakhulu kubo.

Iningi lalabo abazithola bekulesi simo abazi ukuthi uhlelo lwethu luqukethe ingxenye enhle yezimpendulo zezinkinga zethu zokuqala. Kunemithombo emithathu yemibhalo kuhlelo I-GNU / Linux: amakhasi wezandla (amakhasi wamadoda), amakhasi olwazi (amakhasi wolwazi) kanye namabhukwana wezinhlelo zokusebenza ezifakwe ku / usr / share / doc.

Kule ndatshana sizonikeza imininingwane ngayinye yale mithombo.


Amakhasi wabantu

Amakhasi wesandla noma "amakhasi wamuntu" yizinhlobo zakudala zemibhalo eyinkomba ku-Linux naku-Unix. Ngokufanelekile, ungasesha amakhasi ezincwadi ukuthola usizo kunoma imuphi umyalo, ifayili lokumisa, noma inqubo yomtapo wolwazi.

Ngokwenzayo, iLinux yisoftware yamahhala, futhi amanye amakhasi awabhalwanga noma akhombisa ubudala bawo. Kodwa-ke, amakhasi womuntu ayindawo yokuqala ongabheka kuyo lapho udinga usizo. Ukufinyelela kumakhasi womuntu, vele uthayiphe eyodwa kulandelwe isihloko esizophenywa.

Ukuqaliswa kwepage kuzoqaliswa, ngakho-ke uzocindezela q uma ngiqeda ukufunda. Isibonelo, ukuthola imininingwane ngomyalo ls, Ngangibhala:

$ umuntu ls

Ukwazi izingxenye zamakhasi wesilisa kungasiza ukweqa masinyane kulwazi oludingayo, uzothola izigaba ezilandelayo ekhasini lendoda (Ibhokisi 1):

Ithebula 1: Amakhasi Wezandla

NAME Igama lomyalo nencazelo
ISYNOPSIS Ungawusebenzisa kanjani umyalo
INCAZELO Incazelo ejulile yokuthi umyalo usebenza kanjani
EXAMPLES Iziphakamiso zendlela yokusebenzisa umyalo
BONA FUTHI Izihloko ezihlobene (Imvamisa kumakhasi wabantu)

Izigaba zamakhasi endoda

Amafayela aqukethe amakhasi womuntu agcinwe ku- / usr / share / indoda (noma ku / usr / indoda kwezinye izinhlelo ezindala). Ngaphakathi kwalowo mkhombandlela, uzothola ukuthi amakhasi ezincwadi ahlelwe ngezigaba ezilandelayo (Ibhokisi 2).

Ithebula 2: Izigaba zamakhasi ezandla

man1 Izinhlelo zomsebenzisi
man2 Izingcingo zohlelo
man3 Imisebenzi yelabhulali
man4 Amafayela akhethekile
man5 Ifomethi yefayela
man6 Imidlalo
man7 Okungafani

Amakhasi amaningi wamadoda

Ezinye izihloko zikhona ezigabeni ezingaphezu kwesisodwa. Ukukhombisa lokhu, sizosebenzisa umyalo yini, ekhombisa wonke amakhasi womuntu atholakalayo ngalesi sihloko:

$ whatis printf
printf (1) - idatha yokufometha nokuphrinta
printf (3) - ukuguqulwa kokukhishwa okufomethiwe

Kulokhu, indoda ephrintiwe kungaba ekhasini elisesigabeni 1 (Izinhlelo Zomsebenzisi). Ukube besizobhala uhlelo lwe-C, besingaba nentshisekelo ekhasini elisesigabeni sesi-3 (Imisebenzi Yelabhulali). Ungashayela isigaba esithile samakhasi womuntu ngokukucacisa kulayini womyalo, ngakho-ke ukucela printf, singabhala:

$ man 3 ukuphrinta

Ukuthola ikhasi lendoda elifanele

Kwesinye isikhathi kunzima ukuthola amakhasi wamadoda ambalwa esihlokweni esithile. Kuleso simo, ungasebenzisa indoda -k ukuthola isigaba se-NAME samakhasi womuntu. Yazi ukuthi lokhu kungukusesha okungaphansi, ngakho-ke okuthile okufana nalokhu indoda -k ls kungakunika imiphumela eminingi, nasi isibonelo usebenzisa igama elithile:

$ man -k whatis whatis (1) - iphrinta izincazelo zekhasi lesandla

Konke mayelana nama-apropos

Isibonelo esedlule sisilethele amanye amaphuzu ambalwa. Okokuqala, umyalo ama-apropos ilingana ncamashi ne- indoda -k, (Empeleni, ngizokunikeza imfihlo. Uma ugijima indoda -k gijima empeleni ama-apropos ngemuva kwezinto).


Ulayini wekhodi we-MANPATH

Manje sesibuyela ohlotsheni lwesibili lwemibhalo esizoluthola ohlelweni lwethu lwe-GNU / Linux. Ngokuzenzakalelayo, uhlelo lomuntu lubheka amakhasi endoda ku / usr / share / man, / usr / wendawo / indoda, / usr / X11R6 / indoda futhi kungenzeka / opt / indoda. kwesinye isikhathi ungathola okudingayo ngokungeza indlela eyengeziwe endleleni yokusesha. Uma kunjalo, vele uhlele /etc/man.conf kusihleli sombhalo bese ufaka umugqa ofana nalokhu okulandelayo:

IMANPATH / opt / indoda

Ukusuka lapha kuqhubeke, noma yiliphi ikhasi lomuntu enkombeni / opt / indoda izotholakala. Khumbula udinga ukugijima futhi ukwenziwa ukwengeza lawa makhasi amasha ku-database yini.


Imininingwane ye-GNU

Okunye ukushiyeka kwamakhasi wezandla ukuthi awasekeli i-hypertext ngakho-ke awukwazi ukweqa kalula kusuka ekhasini elilodwa kuya kwelinye. Abangane be-GNU bayalibona leli phutha, ngakho-ke basungula enye ifomethi yemibhalo: amakhasi "info".

Izinhlelo eziningi ze-GNU ziza nemibhalo ebanzi kufomethi yekhasi lolwazi. Ungaqala ukufunda amakhasi wolwazi ngomyalo ulwazi:

Ngale ndlela sizoletha inkomba yawo wonke amakhasi wolwazi atholakala ohlelweni. Ungahambisa kuzo ngezinkinobho zomcibisholo, landela "izixhumanisi" (eziboniswe ngenkanyezi) usebenzisa ukhiye we-Enter nokuphuma ngokucindezela q. Okhiye basuselwa kuma-Emac, ngakho-ke kufanele kube lula ukuzulazula uma ujwayelene nalowo mhleli.

Ngemininingwane engaphezulu ngokusetshenziswa kwe- ulwazi, funda ikhasi labo lolwazi. Kufanele ukwazi ukuzisebenzisa usebenzisa izinkinobho ezibalulwe ngenhla:

$ info info

/ usr / share / idokodo

Kunomthombo owodwa wokugcina ongakusiza ngaphakathi kohlelo lweLinux. Izinhlelo eziningi ziza zinemibhalo eyengeziwe kwamanye amafomethi: umbhalo, i-PDF, i-PostScript, i-HTML, ukubala ezimbalwa.

Bheka / usr / share / idokodo (/ usr / doc kumasistimu amadala). Uzothola uhlu olude lwezikhombisi-ndlela, ngasinye sazo esiza nezinhlelo ezisohlelweni lwakho. Ukusesha ngale mibhalo kungahle kuveze okuthile okuthokozisayo, okufana nezifundo noma imibhalo eyengeziwe yobuchwepheshe. Isheke esisheshayo lembula ithani lezinto ezitholakalayo zokufundwa:

$ cd / usr / share / idokodo
$ thola. -uhlobo f | wc -l

Kwezinye izindatshana sizobhekisa kwimithombo yangaphandle yemibhalo efana neThe Linux Documentation Project (LDP), uhlu lwama-imeyili namaqembu ezindaba.

Umthombo: Indatshana ethathwe ku- ISITOLO futhi ibhalwe nguMaikel Llamaret Heredia. Izixhumanisi: https://blog.desdelinux.net, http://www.raybenjamin.com, http://forum.codecall.net, http://www.linfo.org http://www.esdebian.org


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-11, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   b1tblu kusho

    I-athikili enhle, ilusizo kakhulu, futhi ibalulekile. Ngiyabonga.

    Umbuzo owodwa nje, ingabe ikhona indlela yokubeka amakhasi wezincwadi, noma amakhasi wolwazi ngeSpanishi?

    Ukubingelela kubo bonke.

    1.    izinga kusho

      Impela, kufanele ufake iphakheji yemephu

      1.    UMariano Gaudix kusho

        Sawubona ELAV.
        Ngidlulisa lolu lwazi kuwe.

        Ngiyalanda ngiyakholelwa ukuthi iWPS Office noma i-KingSoft BETA ye-GNU / LINUX …… .okungukuthi, ngokusho kwalesi sihloko kukhona iKingSoft BETA ye-GNU / LINUX futhi ingalandwa ukuze ihlolwe ..

        Nazi izixhumanisi zokulanda i-Beta ye-GNU / LINUX

        Ihhovisi le-CHINO likumaphakeji we-DEB, i-RPM ne-TAR
        Ungayilanda kuleli khasi.

        http://community.wps.cn/download/

        …………………………………………………………………
        Ezinye izixhumanisi zolwazi

        http://mosayanvala.wordpress.com/tag/office-apps/
        …………………………………………………
        http://community.wps.cn/download/
        ………………………………………………………….
        http://marcosbox.blogspot.com.ar/2013/03/wps-office-for-linux-la-suite-da.html

  2.   b1tblu kusho

    Unomusa kakhulu u-Elav. You Ngiyabonga.

  3.   Marco kusho

    yalezo zinto ezibaluleke kakhulu. kungezwe kumabhukhimakhi ami. Bengingazi imininingwane eminingi, futhi manje kuvela ukuthi yilokho kanye ebengikudinga ukucacisa umbuzo enginawo eChakra. Ngiyabonga u-Elav

  4.   UGerker kusho

    I-athikili enhle! Lezi zinhlobo zokushicilelwa zihlala zizinhle kakhulu ukudonsa nganoma yisiphi isikhathi.

    Ngiyabonga. 🙂

  5.   msx kusho

    Okumangazayo !!!
    Lo mbhalo kufanele ube yingxenye yama-athikili ayisisekelo engxenye ethi "Okusha ku-GNU + Linux / BSD" noma okufanayo.

    1.    msx kusho

      Yize kunabasebenzisi bakudala - ikakhulukazi labo abavela ku-Slackware stick- abakhetha ukukhishwa kwe-monochrome console, ngikuthola kusebenza kakhulu ukusebenzisa i-pager 'kakhulu' ngenxa yendlela egqamisa ngayo izingxenye ezahlukahlukene zamakhasi ezincwadi ngemibala:
      http://i.imgur.com/trXGgUQ.png

      Esinye isici sokuningi ukuthi singasetshenziswa njengesibukeli sefayela elilula kanambambili.
      Ukuyisebenzisa njenge-pager ezenzakalelayo (ngokwesibonelo, ukufaka okungaphezulu noma okuncane) singasetha ukuguquguquka komhlaba:
      thekelisa PAGER = / usr / bin / most
      Kokubili kumsebenzisi ngamunye wohlelo ngokuhlukile -kubandakanya i-r00t- kanye nabo bonke abasebenzisi emhlabeni jikelele.

  6.   Joaquin kusho

    Kungadingeka ukwengeza ukuthi ungasesha kanjani igama ngaphakathi kwe "man" noma "info" uqobo. Singaluthola lolo sizo lapho singaphakathi kubo, sicindezela u- "h".

    Isibonelo ku- "man" singacinga igama elithi "/" bese sisebenzisa u- "n" noma u- "N" ukusesha phambili noma emuva, ngokulandelana.

    Ku- «info» sisesha ngama- «s» bese sidlulela phambili ngo- «}» nasemuva nge- «{«

  7.   i-ferchmetal kusho

    Imibhalo emihle kakhulu, ngiyabonga.

  8.   kikee kusho

    Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi ngisebenzisa kuphela umyalo othi "indoda" ukoma, bengingazi inketho yokukhetha amakhasi nezinye izinketho. Njengokuthunyelwe okuhle njalo nolwazi oluhle.