Ungayifaka kanjani i-Arch Linux + KDE noma i-LXDE

 

Abafundi ababili be-blog (U-Eduar2 y KittyNgicelwe ukuthi ngibhale umhlahlandlela wokufaka we-distro engiyisebenzisayo, I-Arch Linux.Masingathatheki yizinto eziningi ezishiwoyo ngalokhu kusatshalaliswa, akuyona i-distro elula ukuyifaka, kepha ayinzima nayo. Kuyinqubo ende.

Ukufakwa kwe-Arch Linux kwehlukaniswe izingxenye ezimbili:

  1. Uhlelo lwesisekelo
  2. Isethaphu

1: Ukufakwa kwesisekelo

Ukuba yisinyathelo esivamile kuzo zonke izindawo ngishiya isixhumanisi siye ku- Umhlahlandlela womlingani elav <º Linux

2: Ukucushwa

Lapho sesifake i-Arch Linux yethu siyabona ukuthi ikhonsoli iyasivulela, lokho kungenxa yokuthi asifakanga lutho ngaphandle kohlelo lwesisekelo.

Siya kwimodi yezimpande bese sibeka iphasiwedi yethu.

Sikhetha izibuko uma singenzanga kanjalo

nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Siyazikhetha lezi esizifunayo, kodwa hhayi ngoba zivela ezweni lethu zizoshesha, mathupha nginabokuqala ababili abavela eBrazil

Isinyathelo esilandelayo ukuvuselela uhlelo lwethu, ngoba lokhu sibhala okulandelayo

pacman -Syu

Ngemuva kokubuyekeza ngihlala ngihlanza amaphakheji angenamsebenzi nezinqolobane ezingasetshenziswanga ngomyalo olandelayo

pacman -Scc

Uma sesikwenzile lokhu silungisa amafayela ethu uma kwenzeka singawalungiselelanga

nano /etc/rc.conf

Kulabo abavela eSpain, ifayili kufanele libe kanjena

LOCALE="es_ES.UTF-8"
HARDWARECLOCK="UTC"
TIMEZONE="Europe/Madrid"
KEYMAP="es-cp850"
CONSOLEFONT=
CONSOLEMAP=
USECOLOR="yes"

Ifayela elilandelayo elizomiswa kuzoba yi-pacman.conf

nano /etc/pacman.conf

core, okwengeziwe nomphakathi kwenziwa kwasebenza ngokuzenzakalela futhi sifaka okulandelayo

[archlinuxfr] Server = http://repo.archlinux.fr/i686

le ndawo yokugcina izosivumela ukuthi sifake i-Yaourt.

Isinyathelo esilandelayo kuzoba ukudala umsebenzisi wethu, sizokwakha kanjena

adduser

silandela izinyathelo zokucushwa komsebenzisi omusha

Manje kufanele sengeze umsebenzisi wethu kumaqembu umsindo, amandla, isondo, isitoreji, ividiyo, i-optical, i-floppy ne-lp ngokulandelayo

gpasswd -a usuario audio

eqenjini ngalinye sishintsha i- «audio» kokuhambisanayo

Into elandelayo kuzoba ukufaka umsindo

pacman -S alsa-utils alsa-oss

Sifaka idimoni u-Alsa

nano /etc/rc.conf

DAEMONS=(syslog-ng network netfs crond alsa gdm dbus ibus)

Sifaka i-X.Org

pacman -S xorg

Manje sifaka indawo yethu yokuqhafaza

kde

pacman -S kdebase kde-l10n-es

noma okunye

pacman -S kde kde-l10n-es

Ngincoma inketho yeKdebase ngaphezulu, ngakho-ke siyifaka njengoba sifuna

I-Lxde

pacman -S lxde

Okulandelayo kuzoba yisikrini sethu sokungena ngemvume, mathupha ngisebenzisa iGdm

pacman -S gdm

kubasebenzisi be-Kde i-Kdm ifakiwe kanye nemvelo kungaba i-Kde noma i-Kdebase

Sishintsha i-bootloader

nano /etc/inittab

manje sishiya umugqa olandelayo kanjena

# Boot to console
#id:3:initdefault:
# Boot to X11
id:5:initdefault:

Kuya ngomphathi esimsebenzisayo sizoshiya umugqa olandelayo ngandlela thile

gdm

#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/xdm -nodaemon
x:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/gdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/kdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/slim >/dev/null 2>&1

kdm

#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/xdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/gdm -nodaemon
x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/kdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/slim >/dev/null 2>&1

xdm

x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/xdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/gdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/kdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/slim >/dev/null 2>&1

Slim

#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/xdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/gdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/kdm -nodaemon
x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/slim >/dev/null 2>&1

Uma sifuna uhlelo lwethu lusebenze sifaka i-dbus daemon

nano /etc/rc.conf

DAEMONS=(syslog-ng network netfs crond alsa gdm dbus ibus)

Sifaka i-Yaourt

pacman -S yaourt

Silungile, sesivele sine-Arch Linux yethu efakiwe


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-25, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Josh kusho

    Isifundo esihle kakhulu, sengivele nginezinyathelo ezibhalwe phansi zokwenza ukufakwa, kepha angazi ukuthi yimaphi ama-daemon okufanele engezwe ukukhweza i-usb nediski enama-ntfs partitions ngicabanga ukuthi yi-ntfs-3g. Kepha ngilahlekile abanye bangangitshela ukuthi yi-hal, fam noma i-gamin.

    1.    Isibindi kusho

      UHal no-fam bachazelwe iGnome engicabanga ukuthi, yingakho ngingazifakanga, anginayo eyodwa futhi ingifanela ngokuphelele

      1.    Josh kusho

        Ngiyabonga ngosizo lwakho.

    2.    U-Eduar2 kusho

      Ukufaka i-usb ne-ntfs amadiski ahlukanisiwe ngiyakholelwa futhi uyangilungisa uma nginephutha kusingathwa udev manje. Kokufakwa kwami ​​kwe-Arch + gnome3, okuwukuphela kwedemoni engangilibekile kwakuyi-dbus futhi okuwukuphela kwesigaba kwakuyi-fuse. nakho konke kulungile futhi ngaphandle kwezinkinga, ngingafunda ukwahlukanisa iWinbug 7 enakho futhi ngikhuphule i-usb ngaphandle kokwenza noma yikuphi ukucushwa noma ukufaka okuthile obekungancikile kudeskithophu noma kusisekelo.

      Ngicabanga ukuthi nge-kde kuyafana, ngakho-ke kufanele ungeze kuphela amademoni akutshela wona ku-wiki.

  2.   ren kusho

    isibindi sokufundisa esihle kakhulu ngiyabonga, kepha nginombuzo, izibuko ze-pacman zilungile uma ngifaka isibuko esingaphezu kwesisodwa.

    1.    U-Eduar2 kusho

      Uma kulungile empeleni ungakhulula zonke izibuko bese usebenzisa iskripthi se-rankmirrors ukukhetha okuhle kakhulu.

      Ukuze uvale izibuko, hlela ifayela lakho le /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

      # nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

      ngalokhu ufaka i-curl nge: (kanye ne-python uma ungayifakanga)

      # pacman -S curl python

      bese ushintshela enkombeni ye /etc/pacman.d nge:

      # cd /etc/pacman.d

      yenza isipele ifayela lakho lesibuko

      # cp isibuko sohlu lwezibuko

      ke sekuyisikhathi sokwenza isikhundla (lapho izibuko eziningi ungakhululeki, kuthatha isikhathi eside ukuthola okuhle kakhulu)

      # rankmirrors -n 6 mirrorlist.backup> uhlu lwezibuko

      Lokhu kubheka izibuko ezi-6 ezinhle kakhulu kuhlu lwefayela le-mirrorlist.backup futhi lapho usuqedile uzigcina kuhlu lwezibuko uma ufuna ukuthi babe yi-8 "-n 8" ehamba phambili futhi uma ufuna ukusebenzisa okuthe xaxa ukuqonda.

      ngemuva kwalokho kusala ukuvumelanisa i-pacman nezibuko ezintsha nge:

      # pacman -Syy

      1.    ren kusho

        Ngiyabonga kakhulu, ngizokubheka ukufaka ifayili lami. Ozithobayo.

  3.   oscar kusho

    Isibindi, ngithanda ukwazi ukuthi kungenzeka yini ukuthi kungani usebenzisa i-LXDE nokuthi yini okuhle nokubi. Ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule ngiyifakile kusuka ku-CD yokuhlola ye-Debian kepha umphathi wefayela ubene-bug futhi akazange avule nganoma iyiphi indlela, ngakho-ke ngiye ngayikhipha futhi angizange ngiyivivinye.

    1.    Pela kusho

      Oscar, zama uLubuntu uzobona ukuthi iyashesha kunombani!

      1.    Isibindi kusho

        Endabeni yami kuveza okuningi ngoba i-Arch isebenzisa i-KISS, lawo ma-distros alayishwe kakhulu (i * buntu)

        1.    IHayidese kusho

          Kepha ukufakwa kwakho akusizi ngalutho uma ungenayo i-inthanethi. Uma uzongitshela ukuthi ngiyazilanda kwi-inthanethi ye-cyber, kungcono ngilande i-distro efana ne-opensuse noma i-kubuntu.

    2.    Isibindi kusho

      Ngicela imvume kubaphathi ukuthi bavule i-athikili emayelana ne-LXDE

      1.    I-KZKG ^ Gaara <"Linux kusho

        Woza ... yeka umbhedo HAHAHA, impela unga ... I-LOL

        1.    Isibindi kusho

          Ake sibone, ukuthi ngombono nginakekela enye into (yize icishe ifile) ngakho ngiyabuza

          1.    I-KZKG ^ Gaara <"Linux kusho

            Ubhala okufunayo, lokho akunankinga 😀
            Vele uzame ukubhala okuthile okungaphindwa, ngokwesibonelo uma ngabe besivele sibhala isifundo sokuthi uyifaka kanjani i-Debian + KDE, akunangqondo ukuthi wenze enye ye- "Faka i-KDE ku-Debian" 😉

  4.   isidleke kusho

    Uma othile efake i-arch linux ku-virtualbox futhi engakwazi ukuvuselela amakhosombe njengoba kwenzeka kimi, isixazululo sithi:

    Ku-etc / rc.conf, udinga kuphela ukufaka ukuxhumana:
    i-eth0 = »dhcp»
    IZINHLANGANO = (eth0)

    Bese kuthi pacman -Syu.

  5.   Alf kusho

    Ku-etc / rc.conf, udinga kuphela ukufaka ukuxhumana:
    i-eth0 = "dhcp"
    IZINHLANGANO = (eth0)

    Cha, ayisebenzi, okungenani ayisebenzelanga mina.

  6.   Alf kusho

    Nginezinsuku ezintathu ngaphandle kokukwazi ukwenza umsebenzi we-arch, nakanjani akuyona eyami.

  7.   I-Kyz kusho

    Sawubona, ngilandele umhlahlandlela ngifaka i-kdebase futhi yonke into ibibonakala ilula kimi, kepha lapho ungena ku-kde ibibhajwe ku-splash futhi lapho uchofoza kabili isikrini kumnyama (kancane kancane, sengathi bekuyi-screensaver) futhi ideskithophu ivele. Kungaba okuthile kusuka kubashayeli?

    Futhi, angikwazi ukufaka noma iyiphi enye i-tty ngoba imivimbo emikhulu ivela phakathi kwesikrini (?) Futhi, ukungena ngemodi ephephile (i-safesafe), ayiceli ukungena ngemvume kunoma iyiphi yazo.

    1.    I-Kyz kusho

      Yebo, sengivele ngiyixazulule. Bekufanele ngifake yonke into futhi kulokhu ngifake ama-graphics abashayeli, ngaphambi kokufaka i-kde.

      Kepha ekugcineni ngine-Arch yami yokuqala !! 🙂

      1.    Isibindi kusho

        Impela, abashayeli baya ngaphambili

      2.    KZKG ^ Gaara kusho

        haha ngesikhathi esihle, sikujabulele 😀

  8.   UBerbellon kusho

    Ngokufika kwe- "systemd" ku-ArchLinux (i-ISO Dec 2012 yamanje), akusizi ukukhuluma nge-rc.conf.

    Ngicabanga ukuthi lokhu okuthunyelwe kufanele kuvuselelwe. Ungakuthathi kabi.

    Jabulela… ..

    1.    xykyz kusho

      Lokhu okuthunyelwe kungumnumzane oneminyaka engaphezu kweyodwa, awukwazi ukuvuselela konke okuthunyelwe kwangaphambilini, kepha bhala okuthunyelwe okusha okuvuselelwe uma kubhekwa njengokufanelekile ...

  9.   Pedro kusho

    i-useradd -m -g abasebenzisi -G umsindo, ividiyo, isondo, amandla, isitoreji, i-optical, lp, imidlalo -s / bin / bash pedro
    pedwd pedro
    futhi kungitshela ukwehluleka kokufakazela ubuqiniso ingabe othile angangisiza kulokhu