Ungayisebenzisa kanjani i-Linux boot nge-E4rat

E4rat (I-Ext4 - Ukunciphisa Isikhathi Sokufinyelela) iqoqo le- i-herramientas ukuze sheshisa inqubo yokuqalisa, kanye nezinhlelo zokusebenza ezilayisha ekuqaleni, ukubhalisa amafayela asetshenziswe kumzuzu wokuqala wokuqala wokuqalisa, ukuwahambisa kabusha y zilayishe kuqala, ngaleyo ndlela kuqedwe izikhathi zokusesha nokubambezeleka kokujikeleza. Lokhu kuholela ezingeni eliphakeme lokudlulisa i-hard drive.


Le nqubo inezinyathelo ezintathu: ukuqoqa imininingwane mayelana nokuqalisa, ukufaka kabusha amafayela, bese uwafaka ekuqaleni ngakunye.

Khumbula ukuthi lokhu kusebenza kuphela ngamadiski kazibuthe futhi adinga ukufomethwa ku-ext4.

Sizoqala ngo- landa uhlelo.

Ngaphambi kokuyifaka, kufanele sisuse i-ureadahead, ukuze ingangqubuzani nayo:

Sudo dpkg --purge ureadahead ubuntu-minimal

Sifaka ukuncika kwe-e4rat:

sudo apt-get ukufaka libblkid1 e2fslibs

Ngemuva kwalokho sifaka uhlelo.

Manje sengizokuchazela kalula ngangokunokwenzeka ukuthi ungayenza kanjani isebenze. Okokuqala, kufanele sihlele i-grub yethu noma i-grub2 njengoba kungaba njalo:

I-sudo nano /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Ngaphakathi kwefayela sibheka umugqa ofana nalokhu:

linux   /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.38-10-generic root=UUID=92f37630-c3b4-476b-a0ab-f4a0d9f4180f ro

Futhi sengeza okulandelayo ekugcineni komugqa:

init = / sbin / e4rat-collect

Mina, kubukeka kanjena:

i-linux / boot/vmlinuz-2.6.38-10-generic root = UUID = 92f37630-c3b4-476b-a0ab-f4a0d9f4180f ro buthule splash vt.handoff = 7 init = / sbin / e4rat-ukuqoqa

Isinyathelo esedlule singenza ngokufana ngqo kusukela ekuqaleni, lapho isikrini se-grub sivela, sisemgqeni we-OS yethu bese sicindezela u-'e 'ukuyihlela. Uma kwenzeka unamasistimu amaningana afakiwe kudiski, kulula ukwenza njalo, ngoba sigwema ukuzibandakanya nokuqala kwezinye.

Uma lokhu sekuqedile, sivala umhleli Ctrl + X, bese siqala kabusha.

Lapho iqeda ukulayisha isistimu, kufanele sivule izinhlelo esivame ukuziqala kaningi, njengesiphequluli, umphathi weposi, njll., Sinemizuzu emibili ukukwenza. Uma lokhu sekwenzile siqinisekisa ukuthi ifayela le-log selakhiwe.

ls / var / lib / e4rat /

Impendulo kufanele ibe yi-startup.log, uma ingakukhombisi lutho kuzofanela uphinde izinyathelo.

Manje sibuyela ekuhleleni i-grub, kulokhu sikwenza kusuka kusikrini sasekhaya ngokucindezela u-e, njengoba ngichazile ngenhla. Futhi sengeza ipharamitha eyodwa ekugcineni komugqa esishilo ngaphambili, ngokulandelayo:

linux   /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.38-10-generic root=UUID=92f37630-c3b4-476b-a0ab-f4a0d9f4180f ro single

Siyavala bese siqala kabusha, kepha kulokhu sikwenza ngemodi ephephile noma kulayini womyalo. Ngena ngemvume ngegama lethu lomsebenzisi nephasiwedi bese wenza:

sudo e4rat-realloc /var/lib/e4rat/startup.log

Uma lokhu sekwenziwe, i-e4rat iqala ukuhambisa amafayela kudiski yakho, (kungathatha isikhashana), lapho iqeda, siqala kabusha.

ukuvalwa kwe-sudo -r manje

Ukuze uhlelo luhlale luqala ekuqaleni futhi luhlala noma ngabe sibuyekeza, sihlela i-grub yethu:

Sudo nano / etc / default / grub

futhi sibheka umugqa:

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT = "chitha kancane"

Sifaka umugqa olandelayo ngaphambi kokuchaphaza ngokuthula,

init = / sbin / e4rat-preload

Ukuhlala ngale ndlela.

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT = "init = / sbin / e4rat-preload splash buthule"

Sigcina ifayela, siphinde silayishe i-grub:

sudo update-grub

Sesinayo vele. Kusukela manje, izinhlelo ezijwayelekile zizolayisha ngokushesha okukhulu ekuqaleni.

Ngeminye imininingwane, ungavakashela i- ikhasi lephrojekthi emthonjeni.

Umthombo: Indawo yeLinux


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-15, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Oswaldo kusho

    Sawubona okuhle, ngiyabonga ngokuphendula, ngizamile ukukwenza kepha angiphumelelanga, uma unesikhathi sokuvuselela okuthunyelwe nge-LM kungaba kuhle kakhulu, ngiyabonga uPablo.

  2.   Masisebenzise iLinux kusho

    Ngaleso sikhathi ngangizamile ngo-Ubuntu. Ngicabanga ukuthi kufanele kube khona umehluko omkhulu nge-LM.
    Halala! UPaul.

  3.   Oswaldo kusho

    Sawubona omuhle ngomnikelo, umbuzo wami ukuthi ngabe uke wakuzama nge-LM 13? Kuyasebenza?.
    Ukubingelela nokubonga

  4.   Masisebenzise iLinux kusho

    Impela! Ingasetshenziswa nakwamanye ama-distros. Umqondo bekuwukwethula uhlelo, uchaze ngezinyathelo zokufaka zabasha (ngokuvamile abasebenzisi be-Ubuntu kanye neningi labafundi be-blog). Labo abasebenzisa amanye ama-distros ngokuqinisekile bazokwazi ukuthi benzeni noma bangabheka kuphi ukuthola eminye imininingwane.
    Halala! UPaul.

  5.   Ukushaya006 kusho

    Ngiyizamile futhi iqiniso ukuthi ngilahlekelwe i-gdm yami, ngisebenzisa i-trisquel 5.0 esuselwe ku-Ubuntu 11.04, ngifuna ukwazi ukuthi ngabe kukhona yini ifayili engilihlelile ukuze ngikwazi ukubuyisa imvelo yami yokuqhafaza, ngiyabonga

  6.   UJoshuwa kusho

    Ingasetshenziselwa amanye ama-distros, isibonelo i-Archlinux ñ.ñ
    https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/E4rat_%28Espa%C3%B1ol%29

    Phendula ngokucaphuna

  7.   Adrian garcia kusho

    Ngeke ingivumele ngiyifake, yilokhu engikuthola ku-terminal:

    Iphutha le-CMake ku- / usr/share/cmake-2.8/Modules/FindBoost.cmake:1138 (umyalezo):
    Asikwazi ukuthola imitapo yolwazi eceliwe.

    Ayikwazi ukuthola amafayela kunhlokweni we-Boost. Sicela usethe i-BOOST_ROOT empandeni
    umkhombandlela oqukethe i-Boost noma i-BOOST_INCLUDEDIR enkombeni equkethe
    Izihloko ze-Boost.
    Shayela isitaki (ikholi yakamuva kakhulu kuqala):
    CMakeLists.txt: 20 (thola_iphakheji)

    Iphutha le-CMake ku-src / cmake / Findext2fs.cmake: 17 (UMLAYEZO):
    Ayikwazanga ukuthola ama-ext2fs
    Shayela isitaki (ikholi yakamuva kakhulu kuqala):
    src / CMakeLists.txt: 57 (FIND_PACKAGE)

    - Ilungiselela okungaphelele, kwenzeke amaphutha!

    Phendula ngokucaphuna

  8.   Adrian garcia kusho

    Kulungile, ungalanda iphakethe lesikweletu, imithombo ilandwe ngqo kimi.

  9.   Envi kusho

    Ukurejista, ukufuduswa, nokulayishwa kabusha kwefayela kubukeka kukuhle, kepha ...

    Ingabe kuthatha isikhathi eside ukuqala ukusatshalaliswa kwe-Linux? Ingabe kuyindaba yezinsizakalo esiziqhubayo? Ngabe silokhu sikhononda ngento efanayo?

    Akungithathi ngaphezu kokuvula iselula bese ngifaka ikhodi yokuhlonza, futhi nginedrama ne-Ext4 kwazise i-distro yami yamanje, iSlax, ayiyiphathi le ndlela yamafayela okwamanje, esivele ithatha isikhathi. 😉

  10.   Adrian garcia kusho

    Ingabe into efana nalena yenzakala komunye umuntu?

  11.   silokufull kusho

    Kufanele uhlele ifayela lokumiswa kwe-grub njengomsebenzisi omkhulu wohlelo ... Ngokusobala ngale ndlela ngeke kulondoloze ushintsho. Jabulela…

  12.   Ja kusho

    Ubuntu kuphela?

  13.   Adrian garcia kusho

    Nginezinkinga lapho ngihlela kusuka ku-boot.
    Pulse e, engeza okukodwa kulayini bese ushayela ctrl + x
    Ngemuva kwalokhu isikrini siba mnyama futhi kufanele ngiqale kabusha.
    Ngibuyela kumhleli bese ngibona ukuthi ushintsho alulondolozwanga.

    imikhonzo

    1.    mcphiwe kusho

      Ngiyabonga, kusebenze ngokuphelele ku-Debian. Ukuncika okuningi kakhulu (ama-libboots) kepha konke kulungile.

  14.   Lorenzo kusho

    Ngicabanga ukuthi lokhu kusebenza akusizi ngamashayela we-SSD, akunjalo?