Bethule uhlelo lokukhulisa ukuhambisana phakathi kweziphequluli zewebhu

Iminyaka eminingi impi phakathi kweziphequluli zewebhu eziyinhloko ibe sobala kakhulu, ngokuziphoqa ngezinhlobo ezahlukene zamasu, ukudlala ngokufanele noma ngokumane sisebenzisa izinhlobo ezahlukene zamabhulokhi noma izithiyo kumsebenzisi ukuze zibavimbele ekuguquleni isiphequluli sabo sewebhu.

Kodwa Manje izinto zibonakala "ziyashintsha", kusukela ku-Google, Mozilla, Apple, Microsoft, Bocoup and Igalia muva nje umemezele ukuthi babambisene ukuxazulula izinkinga ezahlukene yokuhambisana kwesiphequluli, kanye nokukwazi ukuhlinzeka ngokusekela okungaguquki kobuchwepheshe bewebhu nokuhlanganisa ukusebenza kwezinto ezithinta ukubukeka kwamawebhusayithi nezinhlelo zokusebenza zewebhu (into ebingekho isikhathi eside futhi abathuthukisi abaningi bayicelile).

Kusukela ekugcineni, singasho ukuthi okungenani kusukela kwethulwa ama-smartphones, ukuthuthukiswa kwewebhu kuye kwaba nobunye kancane, kodwa hhayi kuze kube seqophelweni lapho ukucaciswa okukodwa kungasetshenziswa kuwo wonke umklamo futhi ikakhulukazi ekusebenzeni kombhalo.

Ngokokuqala ngqa, bonke abathengisi abakhulu besiphequluli nabanye ababambiqhaza bahlangane ukuze baxazulule izinkinga ezinkulu zokusebenzisana neziphequluli ezihlonzwe abathuthukisi bewebhu. I-Interop 2022 izothuthukisa ukuzizwisa kokuthuthukiswa kwewebhu ezindaweni ezingu-15 ezibalulekile. Kulesi sihloko, thola ukuthi sifike kanjani lapha, ukuthi iphrojekthi igxile kuphi, ukuthi impumelelo izokalwa kanjani, nokuthi ungayilandela kanjani inqubekelaphambili.

Kungakho manje imidondoshiya kanye nezinkomba zeziphequluli zewebhu bahlanganyele amandla ngenhloso enkulu yokukwazi ukuzuza ukubukeka nokuziphatha okufanayo kwamasayithi, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi isiphequluli kanye nesistimu yokusebenza.

Ngaphakathi kwalokho okuhloswe ukuba kuzuzwe ukuthi inkundla yewebhu kumele iphelele futhi abathuthukisi kumele banake ukwakhiwa kwezinhlelo zokusebenza zewebhu futhi bangatholi izindlela zokugwema ukungahambisani okuthile phakathi kweziphequluli.

Ngo-2019, i-Mozilla, i-Google nezinye zaqala Umzamo omkhulu ukuqonda amaphuzu obuhlungu abathuthukisi, ngendlela ye Unjiniyela we-MDN Udinga izinhlolovo Zokuhlola kanye ne Umbiko Wokuhambisana Kwesiphequluli ukucwiliswa okujulile. Le mibiko isinike imininingwane enemininingwane nesebenzayo yokubhekana nezinselelo eziphezulu zonjiniyela ngenkundla yewebhu futhi okuholele ekutheni umzamo wokubambisana 2021 .

Njengengxenye yohlelo, ikhithi yamathuluzi entsha yokuhlola isiphequluli isilungisiwe, I-Interop 2022, ehlanganisa izivivinyo ezilungiselelwe ngokuhlanganyela eziyi-18 ezihlola izinga lokusetshenziswa kobuchwepheshe bewebhu obusanda kuthuthukiswa.

Phakathi kobuchwepheshe obuhlolwe ukuhlolwa yilezi:

  • I-Cascading CSS Layers
  • izikhala zemibala (inhlanganisela yombala, umehluko wombala)
  • I-CSS Property Containers (CSS Containment)
  • izinto zokwakha izingxoxo ( )
  • amafomu ewebhu
  • skrola (ukuskrola, ukuziphatha kokuskrola, ukuziphatha okungaphezulu)
  • ifonti (ifonti-okuhlukile-okuhlukile, ukuhluka kwefonti-indawo)
  • amakhodi (ic)
  • I-Web Support API
  • I-Flexbox
  • Igridi ye-CSS (igridi engaphansi)
  • css iyashintsha
  • ukuma okuhleliwe (CSS).

Kushiwo ukuthi ukuhlola kusekelwe empendulweni evela kubathuthukisi bewebhu kanye nezikhalazo zabasebenzisi mayelana nokungafani kokuziphatha kwesiphequluli.

Izinkinga ezasetshenzwa zihlukaniswe izigaba ezimbili: amaphutha noma ukushiyeka ekusetshenzisweni kokusekelwa kwamazinga ewebhu (ukuhlolwa kwe-15) nezinkinga ezihlobene nokungaqondakali noma imiyalelo engaphelele ekucacisweni (ukuhlolwa oku-3).

Phakathi kwezindaba ezicatshangelwayo esigabeni sesibili, kukhona amaphutha ekucacisweni okuhlobene nokuhlelwa kokuqukethwe (okuqukethweOkuhlelekile), i-execCommand, imicimbi yegundane neyesikhombi, amayunithi endawo abonakalayo (lv*, sv* kanye ne-dv* yamayunithi amancane kakhulu). ezincane futhi ezinamandla). osayizi bembobo yokubuka).

Kufanele kushiwo lokho iphrojekthi iphinde yakhipha inkundla yokuhlola izakhiwo zokuhlola futhi izinzile kusukela kuziphequluli ze-Chrome, Edge, Firefox neSafari. I-Firefox ibonise inqubekelaphambili engcono kakhulu ekuxazululeni ukungahambisani, ngo-69% wegatsha elizinzile kanye no-74% wegatsha lokuhlola. Uma kuqhathaniswa, i-Chrome ithole u-61% no-71%, kuyilapho i-Safari ithole u-50% no-73%.

Okokugcina uma unentshisekelo yokwazi kabanzi ngakho, ungabheka imininingwane kufayela le- isixhumanisi esilandelayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.