Auna saurin HDD tare da dd

A 'yan watannin da suka gabata na bar muku labarin yadda ake auna saurin HDD da shi HDparmDa kyau, a wannan lokacin zan nuna muku yadda ake yin haka tare da: dd

wd-scorpio-baki

Auna HDD karatu da rubutu cikin sauri tare da dd

Muna buƙatar umarni ɗaya ne kawai don sanin wannan, umarnin shine mai zuwa:

dd if=/dev/zero of=test bs=64k count=16k conv=fdatasync

Ainihin abin da zai yi shine ƙirƙirar da rubuta bayanan randoms zuwa fayil (wanda ake kira gwaji), nauyin ƙarshe zai zama 1024MB, ma'ana, 1GB, kuma abin da zai gaya mana (da abin da yake da mahimmanci a gare mu) zai zama saurin da yake cika wadancan 1024MB da kuma lokacin da ya dauka.

Anan akwai hoton hoto na tashar bayan aiwatar da umarnin:

dd-HDd-gudun

Kamar yadda kake gani, ya ɗauki sakan 9 don cika wannan GB, wanda ke nufin cewa saurin ya kasance 119 MB / s ... ba mummunan 😉

Ta yaya zan sani idan HDD na na jinkiri?

Don sanin ko rumbun kwamfutarka yana jinkiri dole kawai ka sani cewa asali duk wani saurin da ya fi 50 MB / s karɓaɓɓe ne (Ina maimaitawa, karɓa, ba mai sauri ba) Idan rumbun kwamfutarka bai auna ba ko kana son mai sauri ko SSD, ina ba da shawarar cewa ka duba cikin shagunan musamman inda za su ba ka shawara idan ya zo saya rumbun kwamfutarka da tambaya, za su bayar da shawarar rumbun kwamfutar da kuke buƙata da gaske dangane da kasafin ku ko bukatun ku. A halin da nake ciki PC dina mai HDD na al'ada ya ba ni 70 MB / s. Tabbas, idan SSD ne ko RAID kuma saurin "karɓaɓɓe" ba ɗaya bane ????
Idan kuna buƙatar rumbun diski don sabar, koyaushe zai fi kyau amfani da SSD, sai dai idan ya tabbata cewa uwar garken yana buƙatar ɗimbin ajiyar ajiya, don haka ko dai kuna da HDD a hankali tare da iyawa mai yawa ko ku saka hannun jari sayen SSD rumbun kwamfutarka da kuma kirkiro wani samame.

Karshe!

Asali wannan shine, Ina fatan ya kasance mai amfani a gare ku.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Oscar m

    Abin sha'awa!
    gracias!

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

      Na gode da ku da kuka karanta mana 🙂

  2.   sli m

    16384 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    16384 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 30,227 s, 35,5 MB / s

    Ina da matsala, wannan yana faruwa da ni don amfani da kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka daga shekarun da suka gabata tare da diski a 5200rpm da sata 2

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

      Aboki, HDD kamar tana cikin kwanakin ƙarshe ... tsoho tsoho 🙁

      1.    Paco m

        Da kyau, kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka na shekara ɗaya, ya fito da araha ƙwarai ga duk abubuwan fasalin amma yana karanta ni a 51MB / s.

        Shin hakan na nufin sun yage ni?

  3.   slo m

    Kyakkyawan labarin KZKG ^ Gaara, menene ya faru yayin HDD yana da kurakurai sama da 80%?, Ba za a iya gyara su da kowace hanya ba, shin ƙarshen HDD kenan ?, Tare da fasahar zamani, zai yiwu a sami HDD a IDE na 250 GB ko aƙalla 100 GB kuma menene ƙari ko beasa farashin zai kasance?

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

      Godiya ^ _ ^

      250GB IDE HDDs sun wanzu kuma suna siyarwa, duba nan: http://www.ebay.com/bhp/250gb-ide-hard-drive

      Wani abu daban daban zai kasance iya siyarwa akan eBay, samun bayarwa a ƙasarku, da dai sauransu.

      Game da wani abin da kuke tambaya na ... Ina so in faɗi cewa a cikin sarrafa kwamfuta babu wani abin da ba zai yiwu ba, akwai abubuwa kawai waɗanda har yanzu ba mu san yadda za mu yi ba. Idan HDD yana da kurakurai 80%, koda lokacin da ka gyara su ta amfani da wani abu kamar HirensBootCD ko makamancin haka, a ƙarshe HDD zai ƙare maka yawan ciwon kai fiye da matsalolin da aka magance ... har ma zaka iya amfani da wasu maido da bayanai na musamman ko kayan aikin gyara na musamman. (ko wani abu makamancin haka), kuma HDD ya fi kyau ... amma aboki, ko da yin hakan, aƙalla ba zan sanya bayanin na cikin haɗari kan HDD da ke da matsaloli da yawa ba 😉

      1.    slo m

        Godiya ga amsar KZKG ^ Gaara, Shin za ku iya amincewa da eBay?, Shafin "ƙagagge" wanda ba shi da ƙarfi a ƙarƙashin dokokin kowace ƙasa kuma mahaifinta na asali yana cikin Luxembourg inda wasu masu amfani ke korafin cewa 'yan damfara sun yaudare su.

      2.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

        Ehm, ya dogara 😀

        eBay babbar kasuwa ce ta duniya, abin zamba don kaucewa samun mummunan ƙwarewa shine siyan abubuwa daga masu siyarwa waɗanda ke da matuƙar gamsuwa% (sama da 95%), da kuma BIG yawan tallace-tallace. Don haka idan ka saya daga saurayin da, alal misali, yana da gamsuwa ta 98% daga ma'amaloli dubu 50.000, mutum, yana da wuya ƙila ka sami mummunan ƙwarewa tare dashi.

      3.    slo m

        Sannu KZKG ^ Gaara,

        Kun bar ni cikin rudani da wannan !, .... da farko kuna cewa shine siyo daga wayanda suke da babban gamsuwa na fiye da kashi 95% kuma adadi mai yawa a tallace-tallace, to ku gaya mani cewa idan na siya daga wanda yake da 98% gamsuwa daga Yarjejeniyar 50.000 aka yi, ba mai yiwuwa ba ne, me kuke nufi da wannan?

        Me aka gani ga mai siyarwa iri ɗaya tare da nau'ikan taurari,… me zai faru idan aka daidaita maki a cikin taurari? Misali: 5 kore taurari (99%) tabbatacce, 3 rawaya taurari (10%) tsaka tsaki, 5 taurari ja (5%) mara kyau.

        Shin korafe-korafen 3 ko 5 na nufin bazai yuwu ba?

        1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

          Ee, idan ka sayi abu daga wani wanda daga cikin tallace-tallace dubu 50.000 yana da kimar gamsuwa da kashi 98%, da wuya ka samu mummunan kwarewa, ma'ana, da gaske yana da wuya a tsage ka esta

          Misali duba wannan abunIdan ka kalli dama ya bayyana cewa mai siyarwar yana da karɓa% na 99,4% na jimlar tallace-tallace 9362, a zahiri ... idan ka latsa sunansa / nick, za ka ga dalla-dalla mai kyau, mara kyau, tsaka tsaki, da dai sauransu.

      4.    slo m

        Kyakkyawan bayani KZKG ^ Gaara, a cikin wannan hanyar haɗin yanar gizon kun sanya abubuwa, kodayake wannan mai siyarwar yana da Abubuwa na 32 mara kyau kuma 32 tsaka tsaki, ana ganin yana da 99.4% na (9375) tabbatacce tallace-tallace, wanda ke nufin … Wannan mai siyarwar ba 100% amintacce bane?

        Ga wata tambaya, don samun damar siye a eBay, shin dole ne ku yi rajista a wannan shafin?, Don haka ku sami damar yin oda ko dai kai tsaye daga (eBay) ko kai tsaye tare da mai siyarwa, Ina tsammanin dole ne a sami haraji don amfani da eBay? Yaya tsawon lokacin da za a yi don oda? Misali: Ina buƙatar HDD a IDE, zai fi dacewa 250 GB, ko aƙalla (120 ko 100 GB). Ina kuma son mai sarrafawa a Intel (R) Pentium (R) M 780.

        Fasali na HDD da ta gabata a IDE:

        Misali: ATA SAMSUNG HM100JC
        Sigar Firmware: YN100-80
        :Arfin: 100 GB

        Kayan sarrafawa:

        Misali: Intel® Pentium® M Processor 780
        Lambar sarrafawa: 780
        Gudun: 533 MHz
        Tsarin Mitar Mahimmanci: 2.26 GHz
        Kwantunan da aka tallafawa: H-PBGA479, PPGA478
        fil processor: PGA- 478

  4.   sli m

    Na kasance ina gwada com porteus cewa ta hanyar yin lodi a kan faifai kawai a cikin usb kuma a 40MB / s, shine abin da sata 1 ya zama, a karshen yin wauta game da shi sai na loda farfajiyar 100% a cikin ragon kuma a maimakon haka daga gwaji akan bangare Na gwada akan babban fayil na sirri, sakamakon yana da ƙarfi:

    1073741824 bytes (1.1 GB) kwafe, 1.33319 s, 805 MB / s

  5.   isa 47 m

    Yarda.

    16384 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    16384 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 10,3208 s, 104 MB / s

  6.   Krlos kmarillo m

    16384 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    16384 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    1073741824 bytes (1.1 GB) kwafa, 28.9431 s, 37.1 MB / s

    Ina ganin lokaci yayi da zan sayi wani mahimmin rumbun kwamfutarka.

  7.   Vincent m

    Barka dai, ina tsammanin ana iya yin hakan don auna saurin watan Yuni zuwa SD ko katin microSD ko a'a? Shin zan canza adireshin da ke rakiyar idan zuwa na katin ko a'a?
    Gracias

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

      Ehm banyi tsammanin haka ba, idan kun canza idan misali, / dev / mmc2 ... to abinda zakuyi shine kwafa 1GB daga katin zuwa fayil, kuma zai ba ku saurin.

      Matsalar yin wannan ita ce idan banyi kuskure ba, a ƙarshe abin da zaku auna shine karanta katin (saboda zaku rubuta tare da na HDD), sannan kuma bayanai zasu ratsa cikin HDD ta wata hanya ... ma'ana, ba zai zama gwajin (Ina tsammanin) 100% inganci

  8.   Taka m

    Sakamako tare da Manjaro Kernel 4.1 da SSD

    16384 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    16384 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 6,33915 s, 169 MB / s

  9.   HO2 Gi m

    Babban labarin KZKG ^ Gaara, shin kun san ko akwai wata hanyar da za'a iya sanin idan "gnu / linux" ko "linux" (don haka babu wani sabani XD) ke magance amfani da rago da kyau, kuma idan akwai wasu dabaru masu kyau.
    Na gode.

    16384 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    16384 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 6,89022 s, 156 MB / s

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

      Ina kawai neman kyawawan zaɓuɓɓuka don yin gwajin RAM daga Linux (Ni malalacin rubutu ne haha), lokacin da na sami abin da nake nema kada ku damu, zan raba shi anan 😉

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

      Abu na al'ada ... a cikin Taringa suna kwafa duk abin da muka sanya a nan, ina tsammanin babu wani mai amfani da asali a can ... ¬_¬

  10.   jamin samuel m

    16384 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    16384 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 16,9916 s, 63,2 MB / s

    Yi amfani da tsarin fayil na XFS
    😉

  11.   Payuta m

    [payuta @ Manjaro-HP ~] $ dd idan = / dev / sifili na = gwajin bs = ƙididdigar 64k = 16k conv = fdatasync
    16384 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    16384 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 3,57703 s, 300 MB / s
    [payuta @ Manjaro-HP ~] $
    Wannan bayanan na kenan daga SSD !!!!
    Thx don tip

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

      Jin dadi 🙂

  12.   Sandro m

    Zan kara ko nuna cewa a bangaren (na inji) tukin kwalliya ba daidai bane a samar da wannan "gwajin" fayil din a wani bangare wanda yake da silinda a gefen "waje" (karin tafiye-tafiye a daidai hanzarin kusurwar [rpm] -> linearin saurin layi ~ ƙarin MB / s) na faifan fiye da na wani wanda yake da su a ɓangaren ciki. Misali akan kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka tare da tuƙin 5400rpm:
    Sashe na 1 na NTFS don Windoze:
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 22,8917 s, 46,9 MB / s
    Sashe na 2 na NTFS don Windoze-GNU / Linux:
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 28,6148 s, 37,5 MB / s
    Sashe na 4 EXT4 don GNU / Linux Babban:
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 42,1906 s, 25,4 MB / s
    An haɗa faifan a yanayin sata1 (1.5 Gb / s):
    / dev / sda:
    Lokaci da aka adana ya karanta: 3080 MB a cikin dakika 2.00 = 1541.28 MB / sec
    Lokaci da aka zaba ya karanta: 170 MB a cikin dakika 3.03 = 56.04 MB / sec
    Kuma a gefe guda, an haɗa disk na USB usb3 ta hanyar usb2 (480Mb / s -> 60MB / s ~ 30MB / s fd):
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 37,2769 s, 28,8 MB / s cqd.
    Sallah 2.

  13.   gwaji? m

    Menene zai zama = gwaji? Shin akwai saura daga wannan gwajin a kan faifai? Ina nufin ... wasu fayilolin da ke zaune 1 GB da za a iya share su

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara m

      Don auna saurin rubutu ya zama dole don ƙirƙirar fayil da ake kira gwaji akan HDD, bayan kammala gwajin zaku iya share shi 😉

  14.   David L m

    Kyakkyawan zamba, godiya!

    16384 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    16384 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    1073741824 bytes (1,1 GB) kwafa, 2,37306 s, 452 MB / s

  15.   roman m

    [tushen @ fedora fayil] # dd idan = / dev / sifili na = gwajin bs = lambar 64k = 256k conv = fdatasync
    262144 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    262144 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    17179869184 bytes (17 GB) kwafa, 8,61083 s, 2,0 GB / s

  16.   Yakub m

    Niiiceeee !!

    16384 + 0 aka karanta bayanan
    16384 + 0 rubutattun bayanai
    1073741824 baiti (1.1 GB, 1.0 GiB) kofe, 2.4175 s, 445 MB / s

  17.   87 Erives m

    Abin sha'awa ne, amma a can ma kuna auna lokacin karatun ne ko kuwa kawai rubutu ne ???

bool (gaskiya)