Masidibane ne-Synaptic kwi-LMDE <° Linux

Owona mbuzo uqhelekileyo kubasebenzisi abaqala ukungena GNU / Linux, yindlela yokufaka okanye ukukhipha iinkqubo kwaye loluphi uhlobo lweephakeji ezinokufakwa. Siza kukubonisa enye yeendlela ezilula zokwenza lo msebenzi, usebenzisa SynapticUkongeza, siza kukuxelela ngokufutshane ukuba yintoni kwaye singayisebenzisa njani.

Ngokwesiqhelo kwi Windows, ukufaka inkqubo yefayile ngolwandiso .izembe kwaye kufuneka sisebenzise nje Okulandelayo »Okulandelayo Ngenye okanye enye inombolo ye-serial kunye nenkqubo yokubuyela umva (ukukhipha), siya ku Iphaneli yokuLawula »Yongeza / Susa iiNkqubo.

Kwimeko GNU / Linux, kukwakho esinokukubiza ngokuba kukwethu .izembe kodwa kunjalo, banelinye igama nolwakhiwo. Ngokwesiqhelo uninzi lweephakeji kwi GNU / Linux Zigcinwa koovimba, kwaye kusetyenziswa izixhobo ezahlukeneyo ukuzilawula. Mhlawumbi ezona zaziwayo okanye ezaziwayo zezi .deb kunye .rpm kwaye zombini zinokulawulwa ngu Synaptic, eyayiyinxibelelanisi ye APT.

I-Synaptic: Ujongano lwe-APT

Sebenza kunye Synaptic ilula kakhulu. Ujongano alunzima kwaye kunqabile ukuba umsebenzisi omtsha asebenzise okanye aguqule zonke iindlela anokukhetha kuzo. Ngokubanzi, njengoko kuza ngokungagqibekanga, eyona misebenzi ixhaphakileyo inokwenziwa.

Synaptic kuye kwafana naye Yongeza / Susa iiNkqubo de Windows. Ukusebenza kwayo, kufuneka ukuba siqwalasele (kwimeko ye Debian kunye neziphumo zayo) iindlela eziya kwii-repositories apho iipakethe zokufaka zifumaneka khona, kwifayile /etc/apt/sources.list. Ukusuka kuloo fayile, Synaptic ifumana indlela efunekayo yokufikelela kwiiphakheji.

Ukwazi ujongano.

Kulungile ukongeza ukuba ujongano lwe Synaptic en I-LinuxMint, yahlukile kwi Debian. Ngesizathu esithile kwi I-LinuxMintiqhosha alifakwanga Jonga lonke uhlaziyo. Kodwa masibuyele kwi-interface.

Ngaphezulu sinefayile ye- Ibha yemenyu apho siza kubona ezinye iindlela kamva. Ukuqhubela phambili ezantsi, la maqhosha alandelayo:

  • Ukutshaja kwakhona: Hlaziya uluhlu lwephakheji.
  • Faka isicelo: Xa siphawula iphakheji ukufaka okanye ukukhipha, sisebenzisa eli qhosha ukusebenzisa utshintsho.
  • Iipropati: Ibonisa iimpawu zephakheji, inkcazo kunye nokuxhomekeka kwayo.
  • Usesho: Ibonisa incoko yababini enokhetho oluninzi ukukhangela iiphakheji ngokweeparameter ezithile.

Amaqhosha okufikelela ngokukhawuleza

Apha ngezantsi sinonxibelelwano olwahlulwe lwaba ziikholamu ezimbini. Ngakwesobunxele kukho ukhetho ngokwecandelo esilikhethayo. Biza icandelo lamaqhosha: Amacandelo, Ubume, iMvelaphi, Amacebo okucoca kunye neziphumo zokuKhangela.

  • Amacandelo: Ibonisa iiphakheji ezihlelwe ngokwamacandelo. Ukuba sifuna ukukhangela iphakheji enxulumene nefayile ye- Imeko-bume ye-Gnome Desktop, umzekelo, kufuneka siye kwicandelo gnome.
  • Umbuso: Kweli candelo siza kufumana ukuba zeziphi iipakeji ezinokuphuculwa, ezingasasebenziyo, ezifakiweyo okanye intsalela.
  • Imvelaphi: Ibonisa imvelaphi (yogcino) yeephakeji. Ngamanye amagama, apho bavela khona.
  • Amacebo okucoca: Kweli candelo ungafaka izihluzi ezithile ukufumana iintlobo ngeentlobo zolwazi. Kubalulekile ukuba wazi ukuba iiphakheji ezaphukileyo zibonakala apha.
  • Iziphumo zokukhangela: Ngokuchanekileyo into eyenzayo njengoko igama layo libonisa, ibonisa iziphumo zokukhangela Synaptic.

Amacandelo e-Synaptic

Kwelinye icala sinoluhlu lweephakeji esinokuzifaka ngeSynaptic. Ukuba sikhetha nayiphi na kuzo kwaye ucofe ekunene, sinokukhetha iindlela ezithile ezinje:

  • Sukukhangela: Sukukhangela iphakheji ukuba sikhe sayikhetha ngaphambili.
  • Jonga ukufaka: Jonga iphakheji ukuyifaka.
  • Phawula ukufaka kwakhona: Kulungile, khetha kwaye uphinde ufake iphakheji.
  • Phawula ukuhlaziya: Ukuba iphakheji inovuselelo, siyikhetha ngolu khetho.
  • Phawula ukucimaCima kuphela iphakheji ekhethiweyo.
  • Jonga ukususa ngokupheleleyoSusa ipakeji ekhethiweyo kunye nokuxhomekeka kwayo okucetyiswayo. Ukuxhomekeka ekucetyiswayo kuya kuseto olushiyekileyo.
  • Propiedades: Ngaba iyafana neqhosha eliphezulu.
  • Uphawu olucetyiswayo lofakelo: Khetha ukuxhomekeka okucetyiswayo kwiphakheji ukuyifaka.
  • Phawula ukuCetyiswa ukufakelwa: Khetha ukuxhomekeka okucetyiswayo kwiphakheji ukuyifaka.

Uluhlu lweephakeji ezikhoyo

Olunye ukhetho.

Ukwazi oku sele sisebenza kunye Synaptic, kodwa sinokwenza ezinye izinto, umzekelo ukutshintsha imithombo yolwazi. Into eluncedo ukuba izipili esizisebenzisayo ziyacotha okanye zisezantsi. Ngale nto siza kuyenza Uqwalaselo »Ugcino.

Kwiwindow yokhetho esiyifumanayo, kufuneka sazi kuphela iithebhu ezi-3 ukuze sikwazi ukulawula indawo yokugcina izinto. Kowokuqala, sifumana amasebe esiwasebenzisayo I-LinuxMint (Eyona ndawo iphambili, engentla, yokungenisa, yokuBuyisa kunye neRomao). Ukujonga nje / ukungakhange uhlele ifayile /etc/apt/sources.list.

Imvelaphi yeSoftware

Kwithebhu yesibini sibandakanya indawo yokugcina engekhoyo MintOko kukuthi, i Iiphakheji zomntu wesithathu njenge Debian, i PPA de Ubuntu okanye nawuphina umthombo ohambelana ne- I-LMDE.

Isoftware yomntu wesithathu

Kwaye kwithebhu yesithathu, sinokuvula uhlaziyo oluzenzekelayo kwaye ngalo lonke ixesha sifuna ukuba baqhubeke.

Uhlaziyo oluzenzekelayo

Nakaninzi?

Ukuba uyayifuna, Synaptic kukwafuneka usete i Ummeli wenethiwekhi kunye U sasazo esifuna ukuyisebenzisa ngokungagqibekanga. Ngale nto siza kuyenza Useto »Ukukhetha.

Ukucacisa kancinci malunga U sasazo, ukuba sijonga ifayile /etc/apt/sources.list, Sinezinto ezimbini zokuyisebenzisa (Qaphela isicatshulwa esimibala):

Ityala http://packages.linuxmint.com/ debian ukungenisa okungaphezulu
Ityala http://ftp.debian.org/debian uvavanyo igalelo eliphambili ngaphandle kwasimahla
ityala http://security.debian.org/ uvavanyo/ uhlaziyo oluphambili lunegalelo ngaphandle kwesimahla
Ityala le-http: //www.debian-multimedia.org uvavanyo eziphambili ezingasimahla

Ukungagqibeki, Synaptic isoloko ithatha olona hlobo lonikezelo, oko kuthetha ukuba ipakethi ingena Pidgin 2.8 kwindawo yokuphumla ye Minti (debian) kunye nohlobo 2.9 kwi I-Debian (uvavanyo), Inkqubo iya kuphakamisa ukufaka inguqulelo 2.9.

Ewe kunjalo, oku kungatshintshwa ukuba ngesandla sikhetha unikezelo esifuna ukulusebenzisa ngokusebenzisa ukhetho: Khetha iinguqulelo ze:

Khetha ukuhanjiswa


Kwaye, ukuba sisebenzisa ummeleli ukunxibelelana nge-http, sikwanokukhetha ukuseta ngesandla:

Ummeli wenethiwekhi

Kukho ezinye izixhobo zokulawula iipakeji zethu, ukuzihlaziya kunye nokuzifaka. Ubuntu umzekelo ngoku kubandakanya eyakho IZiko leSoftware, kwaye I-LMDE inenye efanayo, kodwa ngendlela ethile Synaptic Igqityiwe ngakumbi.


Izimvo ezi-2, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Jonathan sitsho

    Enkosi kakhulu, inyani kukuba ndiqala nge-linux kwaye esi sixhobo sibalulekile. Kuhle ukumazi ngcono

  2.   Claro sitsho

    Ndidinga ukwazi indlela yokuthintela i-Linux mint 17 Quiana ekuzameni ukuhlaziya i-repo kwindawo yayo esemthethweni
    Kwaye ibandakanyiwe kwimithombo yam.luhlu uluhlu lwedilesi yokuhlaziya esele ivavanyiwe ku-Ubuntu 14.04 kwaye iyahambelana neMint kodwa xa (ufumane-uhlaziyo) oku kulandelayo kuyaboniswa:

    Impazamo http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu InRelease ecetywayo ethembekileyo

    Impazamo http://packages.linuxmint.com IQiana InRelease

    Impazamo http://archive.ubuntu.com ukuthembeka kwiRelease

    Impazamo http://archive.ubuntu.com Uhlaziyo oluthembekileyo InRelease

    Impazamo http://security.ubuntu.com ukhuseleko oluthembekileyo InRelease

    Impazamo http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu ukhuseleko oluthembekileyo InRelease

    Impazamo http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu Uhlaziyo oluthembekileyo InRelease

    Impazamo http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu ukuthembeka kwiRelease

    Impazamo http://archive.ubuntu.com Ukuthenjwa Khupha.gpg
    Ayinakucombulula "indawo yokugcina.ubuntu.com"
    Impazamo http://security.ubuntu.com ukhuseleko oluthembekileyo lokukhutshwa.gpg
    Ayinakusombulula "security.ubuntu.com"
    Impazamo http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu Ukukhululwa okucetywayo kokuthenjwa.gpg
    Ayinakucombulula "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"
    Impazamo http://packages.linuxmint.com Ukukhutshwa kweQiana.gpg
    Ayinakucombulula "iiphakheji.linuxmint.com"
    Impazamo http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu ukhuseleko oluthembekileyo lokukhutshwa.gpg
    Ayinakucombulula "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"
    Impazamo http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu Uhlaziyo oluthembekileyo Release.gpg
    Ayinakucombulula "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"
    Impazamo http://archive.ubuntu.com Uhlaziyo oluthembekileyo Release.gpg
    Ayinakucombulula "indawo yokugcina.ubuntu.com"
    Impazamo http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu Ukuthenjwa Khupha.gpg
    Ayinakucombulula "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"
    Impazamo http://extra.linuxmint.com IQiana InRelease

    Impazamo http://extra.linuxmint.com Ukukhutshwa kweQiana.gpg
    Ayinakucombulula "extra.linuxmint.com"
    Impazamo http://archive.canonical.com ukuthembeka kwiRelease

    Impazamo http://archive.canonical.com Ukuthenjwa Khupha.gpg
    Ayinakucombulula "indawo yokugcina.canonical.com"
    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-proposed/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-updates/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://packages.linuxmint.com/dists/qiana/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://extra.linuxmint.com/dists/qiana/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-updates/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty/InRelease

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-proposed/Release.gpg Ayinakucombulula "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://packages.linuxmint.com/dists/qiana/Release.gpg Ayinakucombulula "iiphakheji.linuxmint.com"

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty/Release.gpg Ayinakucombulula "indawo yokugcina.ubuntu.com"

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-updates/Release.gpg Ayinakucombulula "indawo yokugcina.ubuntu.com"

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/Release.gpg Ayinakusombulula "security.ubuntu.com"

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/Release.gpg Ayinakucombulula "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty-updates/Release.gpg Ayinakucombulula "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://ubuntu.mes.edu.cu/UBUNTU/ubuntu/dists/trusty/Release.gpg Ayinakucombulula "ubuntu.mes.edu.cu"

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://extra.linuxmint.com/dists/qiana/Release.gpg Ayinakucombulula "extra.linuxmint.com"

    W: Ayikwazi ukufumana http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty/Release.gpg Ayinakucombulula "indawo yokugcina.canonical.com"

    W: Ezinye iifayile zesalathiso zisilele ukukhuphela. Azikhathalelwanga, okanye ezindala zisetyenzisiwe endaweni yoko.
    E: Ayikwazanga ukutshixa / var / lib / dpkg / lock-open (11: Izixhobo azifumaneki okwethutyana)
    E: Isikhombisi somlawuli (/ var / lib / dpkg /) asitshixwanga, mhlawumbi enye inkqubo iyayisebenzisa?

    *************** Ungayisombulula njani le ngxaki? **************************
    Ndicela undincede nceda