Sele ndiqalile ukupapasha iinguqulelo ze-64-bit ye-Raspberry Pi OS

Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo i I-Raspberry Pi yikhompyuter enkulu yepokotho eye yatshintshwa inani elikhulu leemfuno kubasebenzisi bayo, ukusuka kwiinguqulelo zero ukuya kwi-Raspberry pi 400, ngokusisiseko ezi bhodi zenza ukuba kwenzeke kwiiprojekthi zomntu ukuya kwiinkqubo zoshishino.

Ukongeza koku, into ephawulekayo malunga neRaspberry Pi inokusebenza ngenani elikhulu leenkqubo zokusebenza, ukusuka kwiinkqubo zeLinux (Ubuntu, iArch Linux, iRecalbox, iLakka, njl), kunye neWindows, Android, phakathi kwezinye iindidi zeenkqubo.

Kodwa, kwiimeko ezininzi, kubasebenzisi, ezinye iindlela ezizezinye azisoloko zisebenza ngokupheleleyo kwaye bakhetha ukusetyenziswa kwenkqubo yokusebenza engagqibekanga yeRaspberry Pi.

Kwaye le nkqubo yenzelwe iRPi yayikhe yabizwa ngokuba yiRaspbian, leyo le nkqubo yokusebenza isekwe kwi "Debian" Linux distribution.

Kodwa ixesha elide kwakukho ingxaki enye kuphela kwaye kukuba nangona umgca we-Raspberry Pi uxhasa i-architecture ye-64-bit ukususela ngo-2016 (ngokukhululwa kwe-Raspberry Pi 3), inkqubo yokusebenza engagqibekanga ihlale i-32-bit.

Nangona kunjalo, I-Raspberry Pi Foundation iyaqonda ukuba abasebenzisi abaninzi banokuba nezizathu zokukhetha inkqubo yokusebenza ye-64-bit, njengabo bafuna ukuqhuba izicelo zemithombo evaliweyo ezifumaneka kuphela kulwakhiwo lwe-arm64. Enye inqaku elihle elilindelekileyo kukuba ukusebenza kwezicelo ezithile kuya kuphucula kunye noshintsho kwi-64-bit operation.

Kwaye isizathu sokuthetha ngayo kukuba emva konyaka wovavanyo lwe-beta, inguqulelo ezinzileyo ye-64-bit version ifumaneka ekugqibeleni yenkqubo yokusebenza yeRaspberry Pi, ebikwi-beta ukusukela ngoMeyi ka-2020.

Kodwa siye saqaphela ukuba kukho izizathu zokukhetha inkqubo yokusebenza ye-64-bit endaweni ye-32-bit enye. Ukuhambelana yinkxalabo ephambili: izicelo ezininzi zomthombo ovaliweyo zifumaneka kuphela kwi-arm64, kwaye umthombo ovulekileyo awulungiswanga ngokupheleleyo kwi-port ye-armhf. Ngaphaya koko, kukho izibonelelo zokusebenza zangaphakathi kwiseti yomyalelo we-A64: ezi zibonakala kakhulu kwiibenchmarks namhlanje, kodwa kufanele ukuba ziboniswe kwintsebenzo yesicelo sokwenyani kwixesha elizayo.

Uguqulelo lwe-64-bit yale nkqubo yokusebenza ixesha elide ilindelwe kwandisa ukuhambelana kwesoftware kwizicelo zomthombo ovaliweyo, ezihlala zikhethekile kwi-ARM64. Kwakhona, i-64-bit Pi OS kufuneka iphucule ibhenchmark yokusebenza (ayisiyiyo yokusebenza kwehlabathi lokwenyani) enkosi kwiseti yomyalelo ephuculweyo.

Ngelishwa, i I-Pi Foundation isasebenza "kwidesktop eneapps ezicetyiswayo". yePi 64-bit inkqubo yokusebenza.

Kungenxa yoko le nto kukhankanyiwe ukuba ufuna ukuhlaziya inkqubo ngeli xesha, kuya kufuneka ufake inguqulelo ye "Lite" yePi OS kwaye ufake ngesandla usetyenziso olubalulekileyo.

Kwakhona kufuneka ndiqaphele ukuba i-Raspberry OS entsha isekelwe kwi-Debian 11 "Bullseye", kunokuba i-Debian 10 "Buster" yelifa.

Ukufumana ireferensi, i-64-bit Pi OS isebenza kwiibhodi ezine-ARMv8-A esekelwe kwiiprosesa ezifana neRaspberry Pi Zero 2 (BCM2710 SoC eneCortex-A53 CPU), iRaspberry Pi 3 (BCM2710 SoC eneCortex-A53 CPU) kunye neRaspberry Pi 4 ( I-BCM2711 SoC eneCortex-A53 CPU)A53 CPU)-A72).

Ngelixa ilifa le-1-bit Raspberry Pi 32 iibhodi ezine-ARM1176 CPUs ziza ne-arm6hf yokwakha kunye ne-2-bit entsha ye-Raspberry Pi 32 kunye neebhodi ze-Raspberry Pi Zero ezine-Cortex-A7 processors zine-armhf eyakhelweyo eyahlukileyo. Kwangaxeshanye, zontathu ezi zindululo zicetywayo ziyibhodi ehambelanayo ukusuka phezulu ukuya ezantsi, umz. i-arm6hf build ingasetyenziswa endaweni ye-armhf kunye ne-arm64 builds kwaye i-armhf build ingasetyenziswa endaweni ye-arm64 build.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo ungajonga iinkcukacha kwi eli khonkco lilandelayo.


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