I-EFF isenengxaki nge-V3 Manifesto kwaye ithi "iyalahlekisa"

Ngexesha leenyanga zokugqibela UGoogle ube nengxaki enkulu malunga utshintsho olunxulumene nesikhangeli sakho sewebhu "Chrome", kwaye ngakumbi nge "Manifesto", ukususela ukususela kwisibhengezo sotshintsho kwinguqulo yesi-3, inguqulo ye-2 yangoku ayiyi kuxhaswa (kude kube nguJuni 2023), eya kunyanzela abaphuhlisi bokwandisa ukulungelelanisa kwi-Manifest V3.

Ngalo lonke eli xesha iqela emva kweChrome lithetha malunga nokomeleza ukhuseleko, ukusebenza kodwa kunye nobumfihlo bomsebenzisi. Nangona kunjalo, ngokutsho kwabavakalisi, i-Manifest V3 inqanda izithinteli zentengiso ekwenzeni indima yazo kwisikhangeli.

Isiseko seFronti Frontier (EFF), ummeli wamalungelo edijithali, waqhankqalaza ngokuchasene nokusetyenziswa kwayo:

"Abasebenzisi be-Chrome balumkele*: I-V3 ebonakalayo iyakhohlisa kwaye iyoyikisa." NgokukaGoogle, i-manifest V3 iya kuphucula ubumfihlo, ukhuseleko kunye nokusebenza. Asivumelani ngokupheleleyo. Olu tshintsho aluyi kumisa ulwandiso olukhohlakeleyo, kodwa luya kucothisa ukwenziwa kwezinto ezintsha, lunciphise amandla okwandisa, kwaye lwenzakalisa ukusebenza kwehlabathi lokwenyani. "

Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba iMozilla Firefox nayo igqibe ekubeni yamkele iManifest V3, kodwa ngendlela eyahlukileyo kuneChrome, njengoko ukuncitshiswa kwenani lemithetho kutsale umsindo wabapapashi abanje nge-ad blocker uBlock Origin kunye ne-adblocker. Bathe imida yomgaqo-nkqubo iya kuthintela ukwandiswa kwabo ekusebenziseni uluhlu lwazo olupheleleyo lokucoca iintengiso okanye ukulandelela umkhondo. Oku kunokuvumela iiwebhusayithi ukuba zidlule izongezo kunye nezinto ezikhethwa ngabantu abazifakileyo.

UGoogle ubukhusele itekhnoloji yakhe, esithi ukunika inkululeko eninzi kumema ukuxhatshazwa. Inkampani ithi imamele abaphuhlisi kwaye iguqule i-manifest v3 ekuphenduleni. Umzekelo, uGoogle uwuyekisile umda wemithetho ecetywayo kwaye wongeza indlela entsha yokunyanzelisa imithetho ethile. I-Eyeo, umphuhlisi wesinye sezandiso ze-Adblock Plus ezisetyenziswa ngokubanzi, uthe uyonwabile yindlela yeGoogle ye-Manifest V3.

Utshintsho oluziswa yi-Manifest V3 luya kusasazeka kuzo zonke iiphequluli, ngeendleko ze-ad-blocking software, utshilo u-Andrey Meshkov, umseki-co-founder kunye ne-CTO ye-AdGuard, i-ad-blocking extension.

"Ingozi enkulu ye-Manifest V3 yinto entsha," kusho uMeshkov kwingxelo. Ngaphambili, abaphuhlisi be-ad blocker bebephonononga izimvo ezifana nokusebenzisa ubukrelekrele bokwenziwa (AI) ubuchwepheshe ukuphucula iimveliso zabo. “Ayisenamsebenzi kangako. Ngoku iChrome, iSafari kunye neEdge iyalela ukuba yintoni enokuthi ithintelwe okanye engenakuthintelwa kwaye kufuneka yenziwe njani.

Utshintsho oluya kukhapha i-Manifest V3, iGoogle ithetha ngayo ukususwa kwesicelo sewebhu API, ethi ithatyathelwe indawo ngomnye ujongano, ebizwa ngokuba yiDeclarative Network Request. Yazisa utshintsho olumandla: i ukungakwazi kokwandiswa kokubeka iliso kuyo yonke i-traffic. Ngenxa yezizathu zokhuseleko, i-API entsha ifuna abaqulunqi bongezandiso ukuba baxele kwangaphambili ukuba uhlobo oluthile lwetrafikhi luya kuphathwa njani.

Ngokuqinisekileyo, le ntshukumo isuka kwiSicelo seWebhu ukuya kwiSicelo se-Declarative Net siya kuzisa uphuculo olubalulekileyo kukhuseleko, njengoko izandiso ziya kuba namalungelo alinganiselweyo kwinto edlulayo phakathi kwesikhangeli kunye newebhusayithi. Olunye utshintsho olubalulekileyo lubandakanya ukungakwazi ukufikelela kwikhowudi ekude, nangenxa yezizathu zokhuseleko, okanye ukutshintshwa "kwamaphepha angasemva" aqhubekayo ngeenkonzo zabasebenzi, ukufumana ukuphuculwa komsebenzi obalulekileyo.

Uninzi lweendlela zokuziphatha ezongeziweyo ezibotshelelwe kwi-Manifest V2 iya kuba yeyokuzikhethela kwi-V3, kunye nenzuzo enye enkulu: ulawulo olungqongqo ngokuvala ukuqinisekiswa, kwaye ngakumbi ngumsebenzisi, oya kukwazi ukuthintela ukuziphatha okuthile.

Kodwa phezu koku, i-EFF iphakamisa ilizwi layo:

I-manifest V3, okanye i-Mv3 ngokufutshane, iyingozi kakhulu kwiinzame zabucala. Oku kuyakunciphisa isakhono sezandiso zewebhu, ngakumbi ezo ziyilelwe ukujonga, ukuguqula, nokubala kunye nencoko yesikhangeli sakho kunye neewebhusayithi ozindwendwelayo. Ngaphantsi kwengcaciso emitsha, izandiso ezinje, njengabavimbeli bomkhondo wabucala, ziya kuba nokunciphisa kakhulu amandla. Iinzame zikaGoogle zokunciphisa olu fikelelo ziyaxhalabisa, ngakumbi kuba uGoogle efake iitracker kwi-75% yewebhusayithi ezizizigidi ezi-XNUMX eziphezulu…

Nangona kunjalo, i-Mozilla ilumkisa ukuba ngelixa i-Manifest V3 iya kuxhaswa ngokupheleleyo, i-API yesicelo sewebhu iya kugcinwa. Ulwalathiso oluya kuthatyathwa liqela luya kuba yingxubevange, zombini kunye nethuba lokubuyisela isizukulwana esitsha sokwandiswa, kunye nokugcina isicelo seWebhu kunye nobuchule obuhamba nayo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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