Faka i-VirtualBox kwi-Ubuntu 18.04 LTS kunye neziphumo

VirtualBox Isoftware ebonakalayo ye-Oracle ejolise ekwenzeni oomatshini ababonakalayo. Ngomatshini obonakalayo, ingaqhuba inkqubo yokusebenza njengesicelo ngaphakathi kwenkqubo yokusebenza yangokul. Kufana nekhompyuter ngaphakathi kwikhompyuter.

Oku kubizwa ngokuba ngumatshini obonakalayo kuba banjalo ukulingisa ezinye iinkqubo ezisebenzayo, kodwa azinxibelelani nenkqubo njengenkqubo yokwenyani yokusebenza iya kuthi.

Enye yeendlela zokusebenzisa ii-OS ezimbini ngokudibeneyo kukuqalisa iWindows kunye neLinux. Isebenza kakuhle, ngaphandle kokuba kufuneka utshintshe phakathi kwenkqubo yokusebenza ngokuqalisa kwakhona inkqubo. Oku akuhambelani kwinqanaba elithile.

Ke ngokufutshane, Ngesoftware yomatshini ebonakalayo, ungasebenzisa iWindows njengesicelo ngaphakathi kweLinux. Ngokungafaniyo nokusetyenziswa kwesiqhelo, iya kudla i-RAM eninzi. Ngale ndlela, ungasebenzisa isoftware ekhethekileyo kunye neenkqubo ngaphakathi kweLinux, ngaphandle kwesidingo sokufaka iWindows ngokupheleleyo.

Yintoni entsha kwiVirtualBox

Kungenxa yoko le nto i-VirtualBox sisicelo esithandwayo kakhulu sokuvumela oku kubini, Okwangoku isicelo sikwinguqulelo yaso 5.2.10 equlathe izilungiso ezilandelayo:

  • I-VMM: Isheke esisusiweyo esingasasebenziyo kwikhowudi yeMMIO
  • Ukugcina: Kulungiswe abalawuli abaninzi be-NVMe abane-ICH9
  • Inethiwekhi: Ukuchongwa okungenazingcingo okungacwangciswanga kubuyiselwe umva xa uqhagamshela kwiadaptha ezineenkqubo ezizimeleyo ze-IP
  • Inethiwekhi: ilungiswe VERR_INTNET_FLT_IF_NOT_FOUND xa uqhagamshela kwezinye iadaptha kwimikhosi yeWindows
  • Umsindo: Isiphango esitshintshayo kwiindwendwe zeFreeBSD ezine-HDA
  • I-keyboard-Yazisa ukulibaziseka okuncinci ukulungisa isoftware endala elindele ukuba ikwazi ukufunda ikhowudi yokuskena engenayo ngaphezu kwesinye
  • Isifakeli seWindows: Isuswe isenzo "Singahoyi" kwimeko apho ukufakelwa kwe-VBox yangoku kusaqhubeka njengokuhlaziya (kuphumelele) akunakusebenza kude kube ukuqala kwakhona komamkeli.
  • NAT: Bamba i-nameserver 0.0.0.0 esisimo esifanelekileyo
  • I-BIOS: INT 15h / 87h inkonzo kufuneka ikhubaze isango A20 xa igqityiwe
  • Ukongezwa kweendwendwe zeLinux: lungisa ingozi ngokuqala kwePlasma ye KDE

Uyifaka njani i-VirtualBox 5.2.10 kwi-Ubuntu 18.04 LTS kunye neziphumo?

Isicelo Singayifumana ngaphakathi koovimba abagcina Ubuntu kodwa ngenxa yokuba isicelo sihlaziyiwe kutshanje kwaye ngaphezulu kwako konke Ngotshintsho oluqhubekayo olunalo, kunzima kuthi ukufumana olona hlobo lwamva njee ngaphakathi koovimba abagciniweyo.

Ibhokisi leVitual-Windows-Linux

Yiyo loo nto ukufaka isicelo sineendlela ezimbini:

Okokuqala kukukhuphela iphakheji yetyala abasinika lona kwiphepha elisemthethweni leprojekthi esinokuthi sikwazi fumana apha.

Yenziwe ukhuphelo Kuphela kufuneka sifake iphakheji kunye nomphathi wesicelo esikhethiweyo okanye ungayenza ukusuka kwisiphelo sendlela ngalo myalelo ulandelayo:

sudo dpkg –i VirtualBox*.deb

Indlela yesibini kukugcina indawo esemthethweni yesicelo esinokongeza kwinkqubo yethu ngale miyalelo ilandelayo.

Kufuneka sivule i-terminal kwaye senze oku kulandelayo.

Kuqala songeza indawo yokugcina izinto kwinkqubo ngalo myalelo:

sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian $(lsb_release -sc) contrib" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list'

Ngoku kufuneka singenise izitshixo kwaye ubongeze kwinkqubo:

wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -

wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add –

Sihlaziya indawo yokugcina izinto kunye:

sudo apt-get update

Ngoku Kuya kufuneka sifake ukuxhomekeka okuyimfuneko ekusebenzeni ngokuchanekileyo kwe-VirtualBox kwinkqubo yethu:

sudo apt-get -y install gcc make linux-headers-$(uname -r) dkms

Gqibela singasifaka isicelo ngalo myalelo:

sudo apt-get install virtualbox- 5.2

Nje ukuba ukufakela kwenziwe, sinokwenza lo myalelo ukuqinisekisa ukuba ufakelo luphumelele, apho kufuneka sifumane impendulo ngohlobo lweVirtualBox efakiweyo.

VBoxManage –v

Ngaphambi kokuqala ukusebenzisa isicelo, kubalulekile ukwazi ukuba kufuneka sikwazi ukwenza icandelo le "VirtualMache" kwi-BIOS yethu kuba ukuba akunjalo ngekhe sisebenzise iVirtualBox kwikhompyuter yethu.


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  1.   URafael Dominguez Losada sitsho

    Kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba uneempazamo ezimbalwa kwiikhowudi ozibonelelayo:
    wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | Isongezo-isitshixo-sokongeza -
    Ulawulo lweVBox -v
    >>
    Oku kulandelayo ziikhowudi ezichanekileyo zokutshintsha ideshi emfutshane enye:
    wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | Isongezo-isitshixo-sokongeza -
    Ulawulo lweVBox -v