Ukufunda i-SSH: Ukufakela kunye neeFayile zoLungiso

Ukufunda i-SSH: Ukufakela kunye neeFayile zoLungiso

Ukufunda i-SSH: Ukufakela kunye neeFayile zoLungiso

 

Kwisithuba samva nje malunga I-SSH kunye ne-OpenSSH, sijongana neyona thiyori iyimfuneko ekufuneka yaziwe malunga noku iteknoloji kunye neprogram. Ngeli xesha, kule post namhlanje siza kungena kuyo ukufakwa, kunye neyabo Iifayile ze ukuseta okusisiseko, ukuze uqhubeke « ukufunda iSSH».

Emva koko, kwizavenge ezizayo, siza kujonga ezinye izenzo ezilungileyo (iingcebiso) yangoku, xa usenza isiseko kunye nezicwangciso eziphambili. Kwaye kwakhona, malunga nokusetyenziswa kwezinye imiyalelo elula nentsonkothileyo ngokusebenzisa itekhnoloji. Ukusebenzisa oku, abaninzi imizekelo ebonakalayo neyokwenene.

Vula iShell eKhuselekileyo (OpenSSH): Intwana yayo yonke into malunga nobuchwepheshe be-SSH

Vula iShell eKhuselekileyo (OpenSSH): Intwana yayo yonke into malunga nobuchwepheshe be-SSH

Kwaye njengesiqhelo, ngaphambi kokungena ngokupheleleyo kwisihloko sanamhlanje kwinkqubo eyaziwayo VulaSSH kwi-GNU/Linux, ngoko qhubeka « ukufunda iSSH», siya kubashiyela abo banomdla amakhonkco alandelayo kwezinye iimpapasho ezinxulumene nangaphambili. Ngendlela yokuba banokuziphonononga ngokulula, ukuba kuyimfuneko, emva kokugqiba le mpapasho:

“I-SSH imele i-Secure Shell yiprothokholi yokufikelela kwindawo ekhuselekileyo kunye nezinye iinkonzo zenethiwekhi ezikhuselekileyo kuthungelwano olungakhuselekanga. Ngokuphathelele kwitekhnoloji ye-SSH, i-OpenSSH yeyona idumileyo kwaye isetyenziswa. I-SSH ithatha indawo yeenkonzo ezingabhalwanga njengeTelnet, i-RLogin, kunye ne-RSH kwaye yongeza ezinye izinto ezininzi. I-Debian Wiki

Ukufunda i-SSH: Iprothokholi yokufikelela ngokukhuselekileyo kude

Ukufunda i-SSH: Iprothokholi yokufikelela ngokukhuselekileyo kude

Ukufunda malunga nokuhlohla i-SSH

Kwezo iikhomputha (iinginginya) oko kuya kusebenza njenge Abaqalisi boqhagamshelwano lwe-SSH kufuneka uqhube ufakelo lofakelo lwempahla yeekhompyuter zabaxumi, ebizwa ngesiqhelo opensh-umxhasi. Ukwenza oku, umzekelo, kwiiNkqubo zokuSebenza ezikhululekile kunye nezivulekileyo ezifana I-Debian GNU / Linux, lo myalelo ulandelayo kufuneka wenziwe kwi-terminal eneseshini yengcambu:

«apt install openssh-client»

Ngeli xesha, kwiinginginya eziya kusebenza njengabamkeli bodibaniso lwe-SSH, ufakelo lwempahla yeekhompyuter zeseva kufuneka lwenziwe. ebizwa ngokuqhelekileyo ivula iseva kwaye ifakwe ngokuphumeza lo myalelo ulandelayo kwi-terminal eneseshini yeengcambu:

«apt-get install openssh-server»

Nje ukuba ifakwe, ngokungagqibekanga, zombini kumxhasi kunye neekhompyuter zeseva, uqhagamshelo okanye imisebenzi yokufikelela kude inokuphunyezwa phakathi kwabo. Umzekelo, ukufikelela umamkeli obizwa $ekude_kwikhompyuter kunye $ukude_umsebenzisi Kungenxa yalo myalelo ulandelayo ovela kwi-terminal eneseshini yeengcambu:

«ssh $usuario_remoto@$equipo_remoto»

Kwaye sigqibezela, ukubhala isitshixo somsebenzisi we $ukude_umsebenzisi.

Nangona, ukuba igama lomsebenzisi kumatshini wasekhaya kunye nowekude ziyafana, sinokutsiba indawo ye $umsebenzisi_okude@ kwaye senza ngokulula lo myalelo ulandelayo kwi-terminal eneseshini yeengcambu:

«ssh $equipo_remoto»

Ubumbeko olusisiseko lwe-OpenSSH

Ukusebenzisa imiyalelo enzima ngakumbi usebenzisa iinketho zomyalelo ezikhoyo kwaye usebenzise useto oluphambili, gcina engqondweni ukuba I-OpenSSH ineefayile ezi-2 zoqwalaselo. omnye wafowuna ssh_config kuqwalaselo lwe iphakheji yomthengi kunye nomnye umnxeba sshd_config kwi Iphakheji yomncedisi, zombini zibekwe kule ndlela ilandelayo okanye ulawulo: /etc/ssh.

Yatsho iinketho zomyalelo ingenziwa nzulu Incwadi yokusetyenziswa yomyalelo we-SSH ngaphakathi kwamaxwebhu asemthethweni uyilungele. Okwangoku, kwinto enye malunga neeparamitha zoqwalaselo lomxumi kunye nephakheji yeseva, la makhonkco alandelayo anokusetyenziswa: ssh_config y sshd_config.

Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, sifikelele eyona ithiyori iyimfuneko ukwazi kwaye ube nayo malunga ne-SSH ukuyifaka kwaye uqalise ukufunda indlela yokuyilawula. Nangona kunjalo, kwezi zavenge (amacandelo) alandelayo kwesi sihloko, siya kuhlolisisa oko sele kuxoxiwe.

Ngakumbi malunga ne-SSH

Olunye ulwazi

Kwaye njengakwisavenge sokuqala, kuba wandise olu lwazi Sincoma ukuqhubeka nokuhlola oku kulandelayo umxholo osemthethweni kwaye uthembekile kwi-intanethi malunga I-SSH kunye ne-OpenSSH:

  1. I-Debian Wiki
  2. Incwadi yoMphathi weDebian: UkuNgena okukude / i-SSH
  3. Incwadi yoKhuseleko lweDebian: Isahluko 5. Ukhuseleko lweenkonzo ezisebenza kwisistim yakho

I-Roundup: Isithuba sesibhengezo sika-2021

Isishwankathelo

Ngamafutshane, ukufaka, ukuqwalasela nokusebenzisa iteknoloji ngokufanelekileyo nangempumelelo SSH nge-OpenSSH, kufuna amanyathelo alula, kodwa kufuneka ahambelane nokufunda okuninzi, ukuqonda kunye nobuchule bokufunda iikhonsepthi, iiparamitha kunye nobuchwepheshe. Uninzi lwazo, namhlanje siye sathetha ngokufutshane apha, ukuphumeza le njongo. Oko kukuthi, umsebenzi othembekileyo nokhuselekileyo we Itekhnoloji yeSSH njengaye uqhagamshelwano kunye nendlela yokungena kwabanye amaqela akude.

Siyathemba ukuba olu papasho luluncedo kakhulu kumntu wonke «Comunidad de Software Libre, Código Abierto y GNU/Linux». Kwaye ungalibali ukuphawula ngayo apha ngezantsi, kwaye wabelane ngayo nabanye kwiiwebhusayithi zakho ozithandayo, amajelo, amaqela okanye uluntu lwenethiwekhi yoluntu okanye iinkqubo zemiyalezo. Ekugqibeleni, tyelela iphepha lethu lasekhaya ku «UkusukaLinux» ukuphonononga ezinye iindaba, kwaye ujoyine ijelo lethu elisemthethweni Umnxeba ovela kwiDesdeLinux, Bucala ngasekunene iqela ngolwazi oluthe kratya ngalo mbandela.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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