Ukuthengwa kwe-ARM kukaNvidia kurhoxisiwe

Enye yeendaba enika okuninzi ukuthetha ngayo ngo-2020, fsebenzisa ukufunyanwa kweArm okucwangcisiweyo yiSoftBank nguNvidia kwaye ayiphumelelanga ngenxa "yemingeni yolawulo ebalulekileyo."

Inkampani yetshiphu yaseBritane iArm ithengiselwe i-66 yeebhiliyoni zeedola kwiNvidia emva kokuba abalawuli eUnited States, eUnited Kingdom, nakwiManyano yaseYurophu bephakamise iinkxalabo ezinzulu kwiziphumo zalo kukhuphiswano kwishishini le-semiconductor yehlabathi.

Isivumelwano sesona sikhulu kushishino lwetshiphu besiya kubona iNvidia eseCalifornia ithatha ulawulo lwenkampani eyenza itekhnoloji entliziyweni yezixhobo ezininzi eziphathwayo kwihlabathi liphela.

IArm yenza iiprosesa ezikwizigidi zee-smartphones, kubandakanya ii-iPhones ze-Apple kunye nezixhobo ze-Android eziqhutywa ziichips zeQualcomm. Inkampani ibala phantse zonke iinkampani ezinkulu ze-semiconductor phakathi kwabaxumi bayo.

Kwaye apho iqela leenkampani ezinkulu zetekhnoloji ezixhomekeke kuyilo lwetshiphu yeArm, kubandakanya iQualcomm kunye neMicrosoft, yakuchasa ukuthengwa.

Isivumelwano siphantsi koqwalaselo olumandla ukusukela oko sabhengezwayo, kuba ngelo xesha i-Federal Trade Commission yase-United States yafaka isimangalo sokuthintela ukuthengiselana ngenxa yezizathu zokungathembeki. Kunyaka ophelileyo, abasemagunyeni bokhuphiswano base-UK babhengeze uphando malunga nentengiso.

Itekhnoloji kunye neenkampani zesemiconductor boyika ukuba ukuba uNvidia uneArm, inokuqhubela phambili ishishini labo malunga nabathengi babo abanokuthi bangabinayo enye iteknoloji ye-ARM.

"Ulungiselelo oluthe nkqo olucetywayo luya kunika enye yezona nkampani zinkulu zolawulo lwetekhnoloji yekhompyuter kunye noyilo apho iinkampani ezikhuphisanayo zithembele ekuphuhliseni iitshiphusi zazo," yatsho iFTC ngoDisemba.

ISoftBank ithe idipozithi eyi-1,250 yeebhiliyoni zeerandi eyifumeneyo njengenxalenye yesivumelwano ayibuyiswa kwaye iya kubonwa njengengeniso kwikota yesine yonyaka-mali ophela nge-31 kaMatshi 2022. Ingalo ibizimele de kwangowama-2016, xa yathengwa yiSoftBank Group. nge-32 yeebhiliyoni zeerandi.

EUnited Kingdom, phi abezopolitiko bayibona iArm njenge-asethi yesizwe yobuchule, Ingqalelo kufuneka igxininise ukuba ngaba ukuphononongwa kokhuphiswano lwase-UK kwisivumelwano kwandiswa kunyaka ophelileyo ukubandakanya ukuqwalaselwa kokhuseleko lwelizwe.

UHerman Hauser, umseki we-ARM, wathi:

“Iya kuba yintlekele ukuba imbangi yase-US i-NVIDIA ikwazile ukuthenga inkampani yase-UK eyincedileyo ukuyakha. »

kwangaloo nyanga, UHauser upapashe ileta evulekileyo eya kwiNkulumbuso yaseBritane, Boris Johnson, kwaye wathumela uxwebhu lwezikhalazo kwi-intanethi ucela uncedo "Gcina i-ARM". Kwinqaku lesibini eliphakanyiswe ngokuchasene nokufunyanwa kwenkampani, uHauser uthe i-NVIDIA "iya kutshabalalisa" imodeli yeshishini le-ARM, ebandakanya uyilo lwelayisenisi yelayisenisi kwezinye iinkampani ezingama-500, kubandakanya uninzi olukhuphisana ngokuthe ngqo nomntu ofumanayo. isivumelwano siya kudala u monopoly.

I-Hauser waphinda wathetha nomba "wokungathathi cala" kwe-ARM. “Ukwazi ukuthengisa kumntu wonke ngomnye wemigaqo engundoqo yemodeli yeshishini le-ARM,” utshilo. Nangona kunjalo, abantu abasondeleyo kwiSoftBank bathi inkampani ingathanda ukudwelisa iArm eNew York kwaye ixhathise uxinzelelo lobuzwe. Iimarike zase-US zibeka amaxabiso aphezulu kwizitokhwe zetekhnoloji, nasemva kokuthengiswa kwamva nje.

URene Haas, intloko yecandelo lobukrelekrele, uthe kudliwano-ndlebe ukuba akukho sigqibo senziweyo malunga nokuba i-Arm iza kudweliswa phi okanye ukuba iSoftBank iya kuqhubeka nokuba nenxaxheba uninzi emva koluhlu.

Ngokweengxelo, UNvidia wayeka ukufuna iArm kwintlanganiso yebhodi ye-7 kaFebruwari. I-CEO yakwaNvidia uJensen Huang wayenethemba lokusebenzisa iiprosesa zeArm ukuxhasa indima ekhulayo yenkampani yakhe kumaziko edatha. UArm uthe kwingxelo isendleleni yokufikelela amanqanaba erekhodi yengeniso yeroyalty, ingeniso yelayisensi kunye nengeniso kulo nyaka-mali ukhoyo, ophela ngoMatshi.

NgoDisemba 2022, iKhomishoni yoRhwebo ye-Federal (FTC) ifayile efakiweyo yokuthintela ukufunyanwa kweArm nguNvidia, inkampani yoyilo lwesemiconductor, isithi isivumelwano se-blockbuster siya kuluthintela ngokungafanelekanga ukhuphiswano:

“Isivumelwano esithe nkqo esicetywayo siya kunika enye yeenkampani ezinkulu ze-chip ulawulo lwetekhnoloji yekhompyuter kunye noyilo iinkampani ezikhuphisana nazo zixhomekeke ekuphuhliseni iitshiphusi zabo ezikhuphisanayo. Umthetho we-FTC utyhola ukuba inkampani edibeneyo iya kuba neendlela kunye nenkuthazo yokuthintela ubugcisa besizukulwana esilandelayo, kubandakanywa nezo zisetyenziselwa ukusebenzisa amaziko edatha kunye neenkqubo zokuncedisa abaqhubi kwiimoto.

Imithombo ithi iinkampani ziyathanda I-Intel, iAmazon kunye neMicrosoft banike abalawuli ulwazi olwaneleyo lokumisa isivumelwano. Ngaphambili, babethetha ukuba i-Nvidia ayikwazi ukugcina ukuzimela kwe-ARM kuba ngokwayo ngumthengi we-ARM. Ke ngoko, inokuba ngabaniki-nkonzo kunye nomntu okhuphisana nabo banamaphepha-mvume e-ARM.

"Siyaqhubeka nokugcina umbono ochazwe ngokweenkcukacha kwiifayile zethu zamva nje zokulawula ukuba le ntengiselwano inika ithuba lokukhawulezisa i-ARM kunye nokuqhuba ukhuphiswano kunye nokutsha," utshilo uNvidia ekuphenduleni ukugxekwa.

Kwakhona, I-China ibiya kunceda ekuthinteleni ukufunyanwa kweArm nguNvidia. Kwimeko yangoku yemfazwe yokurhweba phakathi kweChina kunye ne-United States, abalawuli baseTshayina, banenkxalabo yokubona iteknoloji engundoqo iwela ezandleni zenkampani yaseMelika, baye babuza isivumelwano.

I-China kuthiwa ixhalaba ngakumbi ukuba ayilawuli itekhnoloji ephambili, ngakumbi ezo zinxulumene ne-semiconductors. Uya kuchitha imali eninzi ungenisa ii-semiconductors kunokungenisa ioyile, kwaye iitshiphusi ze-ARM zikho yonke indawo e-China njengoko zinjalo kwenye indawo.

Umthombo: https://group.softbank


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