How about a community, this time I will show you what to do after having installed Chakra on our computers, so that once we have finished adjusting it they can start working smoothly. This guide is divided into parts, the first is related to the system settings, in the second part we will see how to make some tweaks to KDE and finally some extra applications.
Before starting, I will tell you a little about this wonderful distro.
What is Chakra GNU / Linux?
It is a distribution focused on the use of KDE. The main objective of Chakra is to have an easy-to-use desktop operating system while maintaining all the features and power of Archlinux, based on the principle KISS. It is released under a semi-continuous model, a rolling release accompanied by a stable base version (half-rolling). This means that the core of the Chakra packages (kernel, drivers, etc.) are kept in their stable versions in their own repository, while these packages are continuously updated in the testing repository. Only after being exhaustively tested are they transferred to the stable repository (approximately every 6 months). This base allows a great stability in the system. Other applications (web browsers, games, multimedia, etc.) are updated following the same model and are generally available immediately after being published if there is no serious problem.
Blundles are self-mountable files that contain everything necessary to run an application that is not in the repositories, and automate the installation of the dependencies you need and if they are in the repositories. Chakra bundles also store blundle-related user configuration files within the bundle itself, ensuring cleanliness of the user's home directory.
Chakra has a blunt system due to its own philosophy of "Keep your system clean of GTK applications". As GTK applications we have for example: Firefox, Thunderbird, Chrome, GIMP, Inkscape, etc. Here a capture of them.
As you can see, at the moment there are still few applications that can be installed from the bundle system, but yes, it does have the most popular applications in its list. To install an application from the bundles, we follow the following steps:
Lanzador de aplicaciones -> Aplicaciones -> Sistema -> Bundle Manager
Adjusting our base system
Before starting a particular case
Something curious that happened to me with Chakra once I logged in for the first time, was that the effects of the windows were not activated automatically, if I activated them from System preferences everything got even more complicated, so I had to delete the folder .kde4 As follows:
rm -r /home/TU_USUARIO/.kde4
substituting YOUR USER for yours. This can also be useful if you decide to install KDE 4.8 (something we will see how to do later;)) and get the new configurations without mixing them with the previous ones. Please note that if you have already made modifications or customizations to your KDE, these will be lost. That is why I put it as one of the first steps before starting. If you follow the guide to the letter, you just have to log out and start again.
Our first login
Once we have logged into KDE, we proceed to update the system and install some tools that will be very useful for our beloved distro.
Upgrade the system
This is something basic, this should really be the first step we must take before trying to fill Chakra with our favorite applications.
sudo pacman -Syu
Install basic build packages
These tools are very useful to us to install applications from CCR. Later we will raise doubts about it: D.
sudo pacman -S base-devel
Installation of the Chakra Community Repository (CCR)
This community base was created with the intention of organizing, sharing, storing and helping to include some applications that are not found within the official Chakra repositories, such as Dropbox for example. This base would be very similar to the famous Yaourt from Archlinux, which is not recommended to use and install in Chakra, for reasons of certain incompatibilities between dependencies, so they are already warned ¬ ¬, if they do it at their own risk ;).
sudo pacman -S ccr
Installation of the Chakra Essentials
This "super package" can save us installing some tools that may be useful for our Chakra. On this occasion I will leave it to the consideration of each of you if you dare to install them or not. Here is a summary of what it contains.
mozilla-common-1.4-1 atk-2.0.1-1 libcups-1.5.0-2 gtk-update-icon-cache-2.24.5-3 gtk2-2.24.5-3 flashplugin-22.214.171.124-3 gtk-integration-3.2-1 gtk-integration-engine-molecule-3.2-2 jre-6u29-1 libdvbpsi-0.1.7-1 libdvdcss-1.2.11-1 libebml-1.0.0-1 libmatroska-1.0.0-1 ttf-droid-20100513-1 cabextract-1.4-1 ttf-ms-fonts-2.0-3 ttf-ubuntu-font-0.71.2-1
If this does not convince you, you can still install them separately, if it is not your case, here is how to do it directly:
ccr -S chakra-essentials
Installing the zip and unzip tools
They are always necessary to us, right?
ccr -S unrar rar unzip sharutils lha p7zip unarj
Installing packages graphically
Normally, Archlinux and Chakra users are used to using the terminal to install our applications, but this does not mean that it is the only way to do it, for those who do not feel comfortable with this, they can always do it through Appset. Appset is a graphical package manager, in short, it is a graphical interface for pacman and ccr which also helps us to see if we have pending system updates. To install it:
sudo pacman -S appset-qt
Here are some screenshots of what I mean:
Please note: In some cases it is not very convenient to carry out critical updates from Appset, it is always advisable to use pacman for it.
If you did not dare to install Chakra Essentials
If you chose this option, here are some things it contains that you can install separately:
Integration of GTK applications with KDE
sudo pacman -S gtk-integration gtk-integration-engine-molecule
Installing the Flash plugin
sudo pacman -S flashplugin
Installing the Ubuntu font
sudo pacman -S ttf-ubuntu-font
Well, after all this we have our Chakra ready, but where is KDE? Let's go for it;).
Install KDE 4.8 on Chakra
Before continuing I must clarify one thing, KDE 4.8 is still in the Chakra testing repositories, this is mainly due to the fact that some users have presented problems with their Nvidia graphics cards, but don't worry, it is not generalized, at least I have 2 "Nvidia teams" and I have not presented any problem, they are warned anyway;).
Enable the testing repository
To achieve this, we need to open a terminal and enter the following command:
sudo nano /etc/pacman.conf
once opened and almost at the end of the file we will find the following lines:
#Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
Same that we must uncomment (remove the symbol # to both lines) being this way:
Once this is done, we press Ctrl + O to save and Ctrl + X to exit the editor. We continue:
sudo pacman -Syu
If you ask us if we want to replace some applications with others, we say yes. Once the system update is finished, we will proceed to restart the computer (recommended) or simply close and log in.
Note 1: It is highly recommended to perform this update from the terminal, Appset still cannot manage this type of update correctly.
Note 2: It is highly recommended to leave this repository active to continue with the KDE tuning, to avoid mixing KDE 4.7.4 and KDE 4.8 applications.
Put KDE in Spanish:
sudo pacman -S kde-l10n-es
Some plugins for Dolphin
I think we all like to preview the content of our files (whether PDF, JPG, AVI, etc.) from the file manager, to achieve this we need to install some plugins:
sudo pacman -S kdegraphics-thumbnailers kdegraphics-strigi-analyzer kdemultimedia-thumbnailers
Once installed we open Dolphin and click on the wrench icon (Control and configure Dolphin) located in the upper right corner, we select the option: Configure Dolphin, in the window Dolphin Preferences, we look on the left side for the option General, we move to the Preview Views, leaving something very similar to this:
In this window you can select the preview for each type of file, select as you like: D.
Installation of Gwenview (image viewer) and its plugins
sudo pacman -S kdegraphics-gwenview kipi-plugins
Okular installation (PDF document viewer, DJVU, CHM and more)
sudo pacman -S kdegraphics-okular
Microblog client installation (Twitter and Identi.ca)
sudo pacman -S choqok
Audio player installation
sudo pacman -S clementine
Instant messaging client installation
sudo pacman -S kdenetwork-kopete
Feed reader installation
sudo pacman -S kdepim-akregator
Installation of CD and DVD recorder and its libraries
sudo pacman -S k3b cdrtools cdrdao dvd+rw-tools
Media player installation
sudo pacman -S kaffeine
BitTorrent client installation
sudo pacman -S ktorrent
sudo pacman -S kdegraphics-ksnapshot
Installing the LibreOffice office suite
sudo pacman -S libreoffice libreoffice-es
Installation of application to mount ISO images
sudo pacman -S acetoneiso2
P2P client installation
sudo pacman -S frostwire
ccr -S dropbox
Installing Windows programs in Chakra
Here is how to run Windows applications on our distro. For x86_64 systems we will have to perform a few extra steps.
We edit the pacman.conf file in the same way as described above and add the following repository:
Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
Please note: to avoid possible conflicts, I recommend commenting on this repository once the installation of our tools is finished;).
From here, we can install Wine o PlayOnLinux for both systems:
sudo pacman -S wine wine_gecko q4wine winetricks
ccr -S playonlinux
Please note: I have Chakra 64 installed on my computer, for "work" issues I need to have Microsoft Office installed on my distro, I tried Wine, but I couldn't start it correctly, with PlaOnLinux I had no problem doing it ¬¬.
Chakra bundle upgrade issues
Sometimes there are problems with the bundle manager, since the bundles are not always updated as quickly as one would expect, an example of this is Firefox and Thunderbird. To avoid setbacks we can update them from the terminal by following the following steps:
Visit the following link: http://chakra.sourceforge.net/bundles.html and select the architecture of our team (i686 or x86_64).
We download the bundle directly from the browser or through the terminal, for example:
Once the file is downloaded, we position ourselves in the directory where it is located and type the following:
cinstall -b firefox-10.0.1-1-x86_64.cb
If it is already installed on your system, a dialog box will appear advising you that the bundle will be updated.
Installation of the necessary tools for the configuration of our printers
At a minimum we need to install the following packages:
sudo pacman -S cups gutenprint system-config-printer cups-pdf kdeutils-printer-applet kdeadmin-system-config-printer
Please note: some printers may require the following package:
sudo pacman -S foomatic-filters
If they have a printer Epson, they will also have to do the following:
sudo pacman -S hal-cups-utils
If they have a printer Hp we install the following:
sudo pacman -S hplip
having to accept all the dependencies that it shows us.
Once everything is installed, we must start cups in this way:
sudo /etc/rc.d/cups start
For Epson printers:
sudo /etc/rc.d/hal start
sudo /etc/rc.d/cups start
Now we must add cups in our rc.conf To ensure that it starts every time we start the system, for this we do the following:
sudo nano /etc/rc.conf
near the end of our configuration file we will see something like the following:
where we must add cups like this:
DAEMONS=(... cups ...)
For Epson printers:
DAEMONS=(... hal cups ...)
For those who want to learn how to install printers in their system, they can follow this linkAlthough it is a guide for Debian, if you ignore the steps that suggest installing packages, it will be very helpful: D.
In this way we will have our system ready. If someone wants to add something else to the article, just comment on it and as always, I hope it has been useful;).
P.S: Friend @ KZKG ^ GaaraLet's see if now that you have a little time you dare to put the chakra icon for the blog comments;).