The existing dilemma between privileging the use of
«Tecnologías Libres» or
«Tecnologías Privativas» has become a legendary fight in our day, since it is a fight that is based on
«Seguridad de la Información».
And in this fight both sides of supporters have well-defined and argued strengths. Trying to try that others, their own or outside the dedicated use or not, of
«Tecnologías Libres» o
«Tecnologías Privativas», opt for one or the other, overcoming their own dilemmas, especially those related to the field of
«Seguridad de la Información».
At this point, about choosing What type of Technologies (Free or Privative) should we privilege in our daily lives, both personally and in the workplace or professional, the issue of the transculturation of the values imposed by the large commercial firms in the technology sector, the
Commercial firms, which have mainly supported the sector of
«Tecnologías Privativas», giving undoubted predominance to them over the
«Tecnologías Libres». But Should we privilege
«Tecnologías Privativas» the
However, most users when choosing and / or using any technology, do not really stop to examine the conceptual differences between the two, and less those that have to do with the field of
«Seguridad de la Información». What deprives is the functional, if it works or not, for the function in which it wants to be used. Which is not necessarily bad, but important.
And regarding this very important topic, there is abundant literature about it online, but an excellent source to consult is the articulo by Venezuelan criminologist and computer expert Óscar González Díaz, which we recommend reading later.
Table of Contents
What are Free Technologies and Privative Technologies?
There is a lot of literature about it, on this subject of Free Software, in y fuera from our blog. But, about Technologies in general, there is little that is sometimes discussed in our environment. So in summary we can say that:
It is the Software that "Has an owner" and for which "It has to be paid", just like how you pay for hardware. And therefore, it has user licenses with explicit restrictions and limitations.
It is the software that "Respect freedom" of users and the community. Broadly speaking, it means that users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, modify, and improve the software. That is, free software "It is a question of freedom, not price".
Are those "Protected or closed to third parties" through use and marketing licenses and patent rights. Your users get good results in exchange for "Trust blindly" in the ethical operation of the same by the manufacturer.
They are those that have "Open standards" that guarantee the "Access to all source code". And it brings together the set of technical and scientific knowledge that allows the development of goods and services that satisfy human needs and facilitate their balanced adaptation to the environment. These arise as an extension of the concept and philosophy of free software applied to technologies, that is, respect for the freedom of the user or consumer of the same.
Last but not least, it is good to highlight something about a concept that is often not well defined, which is:
And that can be defined as:
It's that one knowledge that can be learned, interpreted, applied, taught and shared freely and without restrictions, and can be used to solve problems or as a starting point for the generation of new knowledge.
«Tecnologías Privativas» argue about
«Seguridad de la Información» which a proprietary or closed system is safer if no one has access to its "insides", that is, its source code, design, information, among other vital or important elements.
In counterpart are the
«Tecnologías Libres», which proclaim a paradigm diametrically opposed to that of the
«Tecnologías Privativas». Well-established paradigm through benefits, such as: Not depending on a single technology provider, and being able to carry out more transparent and collaborative audits and tests on it, using third parties, especially outside those responsible for it, thus facilitating the adaptation, maintenance and integration processes.
Since the conception of the
«Seguridad de la Información» is based on a development model based on the cooperation of its users, and the transparency of the processes related to the cooperation activities of each of those involved in a specific process or activity, it can be clearly concluded that the benefits of the
«Tecnologías Libres» the
«Tecnologías Privativas» they are very concrete.
And in this area especially, of the
«Seguridad de la Información», the
«Tecnologías Privativas» already have a long history of privacy violations, use of monopolies and commercial or government espionage.
Not counting, the negative experiences of the misuse of the personal data of the users, which leaves them in unfavorable conditions with respect to the owners of the proprietary technology. While working models under the
«Tecnologías Libres»Being essentially collaborative and open, they are not prone to the manipulations mentioned above.
And finally, It is important to highlight, since it cannot be denied that when talking about how the penetration of the
«Software Libre» in the technological world, we realize that at the level of Servers, Data Centers and Scientific Supercomputing Centers, since Linux (
«Software Libre») He is the king. And that at the user level, the overcrowding is growing and is on the right track, despite the little public awareness in this regard.