UltimateWM, VTWM, Wayland, Wingo, WM2: 5 ma WM ena a Linux

UltimateWM, VTWM, Wayland, Wingo, WM2: 5 ma WM ena a Linux

UltimateWM, VTWM, Wayland, Wingo, WM2: 5 ma WM ena a Linux

Lero tikupitiliza ndi positi lachisanu ndi chinayi ndi penultimate pa Oyang'anira Zenera (Windows Managers - WM, mu Chingerezi), komwe tiwunikiranso izi 5, kuchokera pamndandanda wathu wa 50 zomwe takambirana kale.

Mwanjira yotero, kuti mupitilize kudziwa zofunikira za iwo, monga, kapena ayi ntchito yogwira, que Mtundu wa WM ndi awo, awo ndi ati zazikulundi amaikidwa bwanji, pakati pa mbali zina.

Oyang'anira Mawindo: Zokhutira

Ndikofunika kukumbukira kuti mndandanda wathunthu wa Oyang'anira Mawindo Oyimirira ndi odalira a Malo Osungira Zinthu zenizeni, zimapezeka patsamba lotsatirali:

Oyang'anira Mawindo: Zithunzi Zogwiritsa Ntchito Zithunzi za GNU / Linux
Nkhani yowonjezera:
Oyang'anira Mawindo: Zithunzi Zogwiritsa Ntchito Zithunzi za GNU / Linux

Ndipo ngati mukufuna kuwerenga zathu zolemba zokhudzana nazo m'mbuyomu WM yapitayi itawunikidwa, zotsatirazi zitha kudina maulalo:

  1. 2BWM, 9WM, AEWM, Afterstep komanso zozizwitsa
  2. BerryWM, Blackbox, BSPWM, Byobu ndi Compiz
  3. CWM, DWM, Kuunikiridwa, EvilWM ndi EXWM
  4. Fluxbox, FLWM, FVWM, Chifunga ndi Herbstluftwm
  5. I3WM, IceWM, Ion, JWM ndi MatchBox
  6. Metisse, Musca, MWM, OpenBox ndi PekWM
  7. PlayWM, Qtile, Ratpoison, Sawfish ndi Spectrwm
  8. Steamcompmgr, StumpWM, Shuga, SwayWM ndi TWM

Chabwino: Ndimakonda Mapulogalamu Aulere

Ma WM ena a 5 a Linux

KuthamangaWM

The

Malinga ndi tsamba lake lovomerezeka, akuti:

"WM yatsopano yomwe ikuyembekeza kukhala GUI yathunthu mtsogolo, ndichifukwa chake idatchedwa pano Pulojekiti ya Unix Desktop Environment (UDE). Ntchitoyi sigwiritsa ntchito malaibulale apadera a GUI monga QT kapena GTK +. Imangogwiritsa ntchito muyeso wa Xlibs, kuti izikhala yofulumira, yopepuka komanso kupewa kudalira. UltimateWM kapena UDE ili ndi Look'n'Feel yoyambirira, sikuti ndi mtundu wina wodziwika bwino wa "classic" wogwiritsa ntchito zenera.".

Zida

  • Ntchito yosagwiraNtchito yomaliza yapezeka zaka 6 zapitazo.
  • Lembani: Kuwononga.
  • Anapereka kugwiritsa ntchito pazenera pazenera, kukhazikika, komanso kugwiritsa ntchito zida zochepa kwambiri.
  • Idapangidwa kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito moyenera patangopita nthawi yochepa yophunzira.
  • Inalibe taskbar kapena gulu lazenera kapena ofanana. Ndipo mawindo analibe mutu wamutu motero analibe mabatani otsekera, kukula, chithunzi, kapena kukulitsa windows m'mbali mwa windows. Mabataniwa adalowetsedwa m'malo otchedwa hexagonal kapena uchi wa menyu omwe amawonekera pomwe wogwiritsa ntchito adadina m'mphepete mwazenera.
  • Kuyanjana kwa ogwiritsa ntchito kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kwathunthu pogwiritsa ntchito mabatani osiyanasiyana am'mbali pazenera pazenera ndi pazenera, pachifukwa chimenecho, kugwiritsa ntchito bwino UDE kunali kotheka kugwiritsa ntchito mbewa yama batani atatu, chifukwa imangothandizira chimodzi zofunikira kwambiri pazithunzithunzi za kiyibodi.

Kuyika

Pakutsitsa ndi kukhazikitsa kapena zambiri, zotsatirazi zimathandizidwa kulumikizana. Ndipo izi zina kulumikizana Ngati ndi kotheka

Zithunzi za VTWM

The

Malinga ndi tsamba lake lovomerezeka, akuti:

"Wowongolera Wosavuta Wogwira Ntchito Woyang'anira X Window System".

Zida

  • Ntchito yosagwiraNtchito yomaliza yapezeka zaka zoposa 5 zapitazo.
  • Lembani: Kusungunula.
  • Imakhala ndi mipiringidzo yamutu, mawindo opangidwa mwanjira zosiyanasiyana, kasamalidwe kazithunzi, magwiridwe antchito a macro, kulumikiza kwa kiyibodi ndi cholozera, ndi kumangiriza kwa batani.
  • Nthawi zambiri ankachitidwa chapambuyo pomwe kasitomala womaliza ankanyamula, kuti akaphedwa mwanjira imeneyi, potuluka, gawo la ogwiritsa ntchito likathetsedwa.
  • Mwachisawawa, idapereka windows windows yozunguliridwa ndi malire yokhala ndi mutu wapamwamba pamwamba. Mutu Wamutu wokhala ndi dzina la zenera, malo amakona anayi omwe amawonetsa nthawi yomwe zenera limalandirira kulowetsa kiyibodi, ndi mabokosi atatu ogwira ntchito omwe amadziwika kuti "mabatani amutu."
  • Kusindikiza batani pamutu wamutu ndi muvi wakutsikirako kunabweretsa menyu ndi ntchito zina zambiri zomwe zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazenera.

Kuyika

WM yatsopanoyi imapezeka m'malo ambiri osiyanasiyana GNU / Linux Distros, pansi pa dzina la phukusi "vtwm"Chifukwa chake, kutengera woyang'anira phukusi yemwe wagwiritsidwa ntchito, wowonera kapena osachiritsika, imatha kukhazikitsidwa mosavuta. Zambiri zowonjezera za WM zitha kupezeka mu izi kulumikizana kapena china ichi kulumikizana.

Wayland

The

Malinga ndi tsamba lake lovomerezeka, akuti:

"Woyang'anira wathunthu komanso wolimba wa Window ndi Composer amaganiza kuti ndiwosintha masiku ano, wabwino kwambiri komanso wosavuta wa Linux X Server, chifukwa chake, ndikosavuta kukhazikitsa ndikusamalira. Chifukwa chake, zikuyembekezeka kuti malo olimba a Desktop, monga GNOME ndi KDE, adzagwiritsa ntchito mokwanira komanso motsimikizika komanso posachedwa posachedwa ".

Zida

  • Ntchito yogwira: Ntchito zomaliza zapezeka pasanathe mwezi wapitawu.
  • Lembani: Odziyimira pawokha.
  • Zimapereka kuchotsedwa kwa zinthu zambiri zovuta kuti apereke ntchito yosavuta. Zimagwira ntchito pokonza zojambulazo. Ichi ndichifukwa chake, amathanso kuyang'anira ntchitoyo.
  • Pakatikati pake ndi njira yolemba wolemba kuti alankhule ndi makasitomala awo komanso kukhazikitsa kwa laibulale ya C ya protocol. Wolembayo atha kukhala seva yodziyimira payokha yoyenda pa zida za Linux kernel ndi evdev, pulogalamu ya X, kapena kasitomala wa Wayland omwe.
  • Imaperekanso kukhazikitsa kwa Weston mkati mwa magwiridwe ake ngati wolemba. Weston amatha kugwira ntchito ngati X kasitomala kapena pansi pa Linux KMS ndipo amatumiza ndi ena owonetsa pachiwonetsero. Wolemba Weston ndi wolemba zochepa komanso wofulumira ndipo ndioyenera milandu yambiri yogwiritsa ntchito mafoni.

Kuyika

WM yatsopanoyi imapezeka m'malo ambiri osiyanasiyana GNU / Linux Distros, pansi pa dzina la Phukusi la "xwayland"Chifukwa chake, kutengera woyang'anira phukusi yemwe wagwiritsidwa ntchito, wowonera kapena osachiritsika, imatha kukhazikitsidwa mosavuta. Zambiri zowonjezera za WM zitha kupezeka mu izi kulumikizana.

Wingo

The

Malinga ndi tsamba lake lovomerezeka, akuti:

"Window Manager yolembedwa kwathunthu mchilankhulo cha Go".

Zida

  • Ntchito yogwiraNtchito yomaliza yapezeka zaka zoposa 2 zapitazo.
  • Lembani: Mphamvu.
  • Ili ndi kudalira kwake konse, kuyambira kulumikizana ndi X mpaka kujambula zolemba pa windows, zolembedwa mu Go. Komanso, imagwirizana kwambiri ndi ICCCM ndi EWMH.
  • Ili ndi zikhalidwe ziwiri zomwe, zikaphatikizidwa, zimasiyanitsa ndi oyang'anira ena pazenera: Kuthandizira mfundo zoyika mawindo, zogwirizana ndi ma Tm ndi Stacking mtundu wa WM. Ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito kamodzi kwa malo ogwirira ntchito pa zowunika zilizonse, kulola chowunikira chilichonse kuti chiwonetse malo ake ogwirira ntchito, osadalira owunikira ena.
  • Ndiwotheka kwambiri. Izi zikuphatikiza kulumikiza malamulo ochulukirapo pamakina osindikizira kapena makina osindikizira mbewa, zokongoletsa pazenera, ndikuyika zikopa zomwe zimawotcha kutengera mtundu wa machesi. Kusintha konse kumachitika pogwiritsa ntchito mtundu wa INI mafayilo ndikuthandizira kusintha kosavuta kosintha. Palibe kugwiritsa ntchito mafayilo a XML, palibe choti mubwezeretse ndipo palibe zolemba zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kuyika

Pakutsitsa ndi kukhazikitsa kapena zambiri, zotsatirazi zimathandizidwa kulumikizana.

WM2

The

Malinga ndi tsamba lake lovomerezeka, akuti:

“Woyang'anira Window wocheperako kwambiri wa X Window System".

Zida

  • Ntchito yosagwira: Zochitika zomaliza zidazindikirika zaka zopitilira 9 zapitazo.
  • Lembani: Kuwononga.
  • Inapereka kuthekera kwa sungani mawindo pazenera, sinthani windows onse molunjika komanso molunjika, bisani windows, bweretsani windows obisika, ndikuchotsa windows.
  • Imakhala ndi mawonekedwe abwino pazenera lililonse loyang'aniridwa, koma silinapereke zithunzi, kusanja, ma desktops, mindandanda yazotambalala, ndi zida zamatabwalo, pakati pazinthu zina.

Kuyika

WM yatsopanoyi imapezeka m'malo ambiri osiyanasiyana GNU / Linux Distros, pansi pa dzina la phukusi "wm2"Chifukwa chake, kutengera woyang'anira phukusi yemwe wagwiritsidwa ntchito, wowonera kapena osachiritsika, imatha kukhazikitsidwa mosavuta. Zambiri zowonjezera za WM zitha kupezeka mu izi kulumikizana.

Zindikirani: Kumbukirani kuwona masamba a WM aliwonse kuti adziwe momwe amafanana, popeza, pamtundu uliwonse, pali zowonera zowoneka bwino.

Chithunzi cha generic pazomaliza pazolemba

Pomaliza

Tikukhulupirira izi "positi yaying'ono yothandiza" za 5 zotsatirazi «Gestores de Ventanas», osadalira aliyense «Entorno de Escritorio»wotchedwa UltimateWM, VTWM, Wayland, Wingo, WM2, ndichofunika kwambiri komanso chothandiza, chonsecho «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» ndikuthandizira pakufalitsa zachilengedwe, zazikulu komanso zokula zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchito «GNU/Linux».

Kuti mumve zambiri, musazengereze kuyendera aliyense Laibulale ya pa intaneti Como OpenLibra y kodi kuwerenga mabuku (ma PDF) pamutuwu kapena ena madera azidziwitso. Pakadali pano, ngati mumakonda izi «publicación», osasiya kugawana nawo ndi ena, mu Masamba okondedwa, mayendedwe, magulu, kapena madera a malo ochezera a pa Intaneti, makamaka aulere komanso otseguka ngati Matimoni, kapena otetezeka komanso achinsinsi ngati uthengawo.

Kapena ingoyenderani tsamba lathu kunyumba ku KuchokeraLinux kapena kujowina Channel yovomerezeka Telegalamu yochokera ku DesdeLinux kuwerenga ndi kuvotera izi kapena zofalitsa zina zosangalatsa pa «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» ndi mitu ina yokhudzana ndi «Informática y la Computación», ndi «Actualidad tecnológica».


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