Fausia se Simple Virtualization Server ma le Low Punaoa Komepiuta - Vaega 1

E mautinoa e tele tusitusiga e uiga i ai Virtualbox fausia faigofie pe malosi Virtualization Servers, ae o le tele o taimi latou te le taʻitaʻia saʻo tatou i le tulaga i le sili ona aoga filifiliga ma a latou lava faʻamalamalamaga ma ono mafai ona faʻaaogaina ata, o lona uiga, tatou te mauaina i taimi uma le tele o faʻamatalaga ae le fetuʻunaʻi i manaʻoga o le tele ma aemaise novices poʻo tagata amata i le eria.

lpi Ae ui i lea, ou te tuua ia te oe loʻu poto masani i lenei tulaga i luga o le mataupu:

Muamua ou te tuua oe le tomai faapitoa del Komepiuta maualalo-punaoa faʻaaogaina:

meafaigaluega ma mea faapena:

Manatua: O le lelei o le i ai o se 'auʻaunaga ma le 4GB o le RAM mo nei faʻamoemoe, peitaʻi, i lenei tulaga ou te faʻataʻitaʻi ma le (1) GB o RAM tatou mafaia mo ia Tuʻuaga faʻaletino y 1 GB o RAM mo le tasi Masini tafailagi (MV) en VirtualBox (VBox) faʻataʻitaʻi se mea GNU / Linux Faagaioiga Faigaluega o MS Windows i faʻamatalaga o 32 Pipi Ua lava lea.

polokalama:

Virtualization tulaga e faʻaaoga ai:

Muamua lava, mo nai aufaʻafeiloaʻi o le a tatou suʻesuʻeina puʻupuʻu i le mataupu o le Virtualization:

1.- Folasaga i le Virtualization:

Todo Server / System / Network Administrator (SysAdmin), Advanced Technology Support Specialists poʻo Technology Enthusiast, aemaise i le Free Software ma le GNU / Linux Operating Systems Area tatau ona lata mai i aso nei i suiga i le 'eseʻese Faagaioiga polokalama ma polokalama avanoa i luga o le maketi poʻo le Community. Ae maise ia o lata mai ma le metotia ma / poʻo taualumaga talafeagai ia latou e faʻaleleia le gaosiga i le Faʻalapotopotoga - Kamupani (Faʻalapotopotoga / Tumaʻoti) e faʻatino ai ona tiute ma faʻafaigofie le faʻatinoina o lana ia lava galuega.

O se tasi o tekinolosi e faʻafaigofieina lenei faʻamoemoe o Faʻagaioiga Virtualization Faʻagaioiga, lea e faʻatagaina ai le tufatufaina i luga o le tutusa Computer / Server (Hardware) tele Faʻagaioiga galue tutoatasi. O nei mea uma e ala i le Polokalama faalemafaufau.

Sosoo ai o le a tatou faia a Auiliiliga auiliiliga o le faʻagaioiga o lenei tekonolosi. O nisi o manatu e talanoaina o le tulaga lelei ma le lelei faʻaaogaina o lenei tekonolosi, auiliiliga o le sili ona lelei virtualizers o le taimi nei mo tagata faʻaoga ma kamupani, faʻatasi ai ma isi. Ia iloa ala i iʻuga, pei o le malosiʻaga o le a Virtualized Faʻagaioiga Faʻagaioiga mafai ona tutusa pe sili atu le maualuga nai lo le a Faiga faʻavae Moni.

2.- I luga o le Virtualization o Faagaioiga Faʻagaioiga (OS):

E pei o le tele o isi lalolagi o le poto o le tagata, Faʻamatalaga Tekonolosi (IT) e faʻatelevave faʻateleina, e tele naua taimi e leai se taimi e faʻasolo uma ai manatu fou o loʻo faʻaalia i lea aso ma lea aso. Ma o lea faʻataʻitaʻi o Faiga pulega mo le IT pule ua oʻo atu i le Tagata faʻaoga (Ala o Faʻasalalauga / Maualuga) mai le lima o le Faʻagaioiga Virtualization Faʻagaioiga. Faʻamaoniga mafai ona tele uiga, ae fesoʻotaʻi i Faʻagaioiga, masani aofia ai le mafai fefaʻasoaaʻi tutusa meafaigaluega tetele mo eseese Faʻagaioiga galue atoatoa tutoatasi. O lona uiga, maua le tutusa Server, ma tutusa Faigata Faigata poʻo Masini Teuina, nisi) Faʻagaioiga ma le faʻapipiʻiina mafai o RAM manatua (mo se faʻataʻitaʻiga, ma e aunoa ma le taʻua o le vaega o totoe o elemeni e fausia ai), e mafai ona tele a tatou installations o Tumaoti Faʻagaioiga Faʻagaio MS MS, Apple, poʻo Taoloto como GNU / Linux poʻo nisi, tamoʻe tutusa, matua tutoatasi mai le tasi i le isi. Afai o se tasi o latou taofi (malolo) pe i ai ni faʻafitauli, o isi e le iloa ma mafai foi ona toe faʻaaogaina le gaosiga saosaoa punaoa o le a faʻasaʻolotoina.

3.- Lelei ma le lelei o OS Virtualization:

O le faʻaaogaina ma tulaga lelei ofoina mai e le OS tafailagi O mea nei:

  • Teuina o tau
  • Polokalame ogatasi
  • Faʻamamaina ma le vevela o femalagaaʻiga
  • Siosiomaga o suʻega
  • Tuʻua ma le saogalemu
  • Faigofie ma agility

La OS tafailagi E i ai foi ni vaivai manatu e faʻamamafaina:

  • Faatinoga maualalo
  • Tapulaʻa o masini
  • Faateleina o Masini Masini
  • Faamaimauina o punaoa
  • Tuʻufaʻatasiga o masini i luga o le tasi sapalai
  • Le faʻatapulaʻaina portability i le va o virtualizers

4.- O le Hypervisor o se virtualization tulaga:

Le faʻapitoa ó Mataitu Masini Masini (VMM) O se virtualization tulaga e faʻatagaina e faʻaaoga ai, i le taimi e tasi, tele Faʻagaioiga Faʻagaioiga i se Komepiuta (Server).

O le Hypervisors E mafai ona faʻavasegaina i latou i ni ituaiga se lua:

Ituaiga 1 (Native, bare-metal): Polokalama o loʻo tamoʻe saʻo i luga o masini moni a le komipiuta e faʻatonutonu ai meafaigaluega ma mea taua ma mataʻituina le virtualized OS. Virtualized Systems tamoʻe luga o le isi tulaga luga o le Hypervisor.

Filifiliga_001Faʻataʻitaʻiga sui faʻailoga o le Ituaiga 1 Fesoasoani

O nisi o Ituaiga 1 hypervisors sili ona lauiloa o mea ia:

  1. VMware: E leai se tau o le ESX / ESXi / ESXi.
  2. Xen. 
  3. Citrix Xen Server. 
  4. Microsoft Hyper-V Server.

 

Ituaiga 2 (Faʻafeiloaʻi): Talosaga o loʻo tamoʻe luga o le OS masani (Linux, Windows, Mac OS) e faʻavasega faiga. I lenei auala, virtualization tupu i se vaega sili atu mamao ese mai le Meafaigaluega Meafaigaluega pe a fai tatou faʻatusatusaina ia ma le Ituaiga Hypervisors.

Filifiliga_002Faʻataʻitaʻiga sui faʻailoga o le Ituaiga 2 Fesoasoani

O nisi o Ituaiga 2 hypervisors sili ona faʻaaogaina o mea ia:

  1. Sun: VirtualBox, VirtualBox OSE.
  2. VMware: Workstation, Server, Taʻalo.
  3. Microsoft: Komipiuta komipiuta, Mea Fa'atonu.

 

Filifiliga_004Komepiuta ma le faʻagaioiga o Faʻagaioiga (E aunoa ma Virtualization)

Filifiliga_005Komepiuta ma Faagaioiga Faʻagaioiga ma Virtualization ma Ituaiga 1 Hypervisor

 

Filifiliga_003Komepiuta ma Faagaioiga Faʻagaioiga ma Virtualization ma Ituaiga 2 Hypervisor

5.- Talaʻaga o le OS tafailagi :

Ole faʻamaoni e leʻo se mataupu fou ile komipiuta, o le mea moni ua manatu na i ai mo le tusa o le fa i le lima sefulu tausaga. I lena taimi ma seia oo i ni nai tausaga talu ai sa faaaogaina i faapitoa vaega, na toetoe lava mo tele computing nofoaga tutotonu, uma faletupe, militeli ma iunivesite.

I le aluga o taimi o tekonolosi na atiaʻe e ala i le osooso ma faʻataʻitaʻi ma ua salalau lautele, mafua ai le faʻaaogaina o Supercomputers ma Mainframes e faʻafitia le fiafia i le taunuʻu mai o le compact Business Servers ma High Performance Personal Computers na faia le manatu o le ulufale i le taimi e tasi i o le a mou eseʻese atu le sapalai o le tasi supercomputer, ma maua ai le faʻasolo mulimuli i le tuanaʻi auro tausaga o virtualization.

I le taimi nei, virtualization ua toe oʻo atu foi i le Server potu i se toe faʻafouina auala faʻafetai i le fou masini ma polokalama Virtualization tekinolosi, ma Desktop Computing ua taunuʻu mai, lea ua faʻaleleia atili lona lauiloa, mafua ai ona avea ma se tasi o sili ona fou tekonolosi o le taimi ona o le iloga lelei o lona faʻaaogaina.

E i ai nei 2 taʻitaʻi tekonolosi i lenei matata:

INTEL: O le tekonolosi fuafuaina ma faʻatinoina e Intel, ma aofia ai i lona ogatotonu ma maualuga-iuga gaosiga o Intel VT (Virtualization Tekonolosi). Faʻalauiloa e Intel le faʻaleleia atili o ana mea e faʻaaoga i le x86 (VT-x) ma le Itanium (VT-i).

AMD: Mo lana vaega, AMD o loʻo i ai se tekonolosi faʻatusatusa i le Intel faʻaigoaina AMD-V poʻo AMD-SVM (muamua i lalo o le igoa Pacifica) o loʻo aofia ai foʻi ma ogatotonu-maualuluga ma maualuluga faʻagasologa i totonu o ana masini suʻesuʻe.

O tulaga uma e lua e tutusa lelei ma tutusa i tulaga o gaioiga ua ofoina atu i le Virtualization Software fofo e manaʻo e faʻaaoga a latou uiga.

6.- Aotelega:

La virtualization o le aʻafiaga o abstracting o alagaʻoa o se komepiuta, o lona uiga, maua lelei talafeagai i mea faʻaletino punaoaO le mea lea, virtualization vavaeʻeseʻese vavaeese le talosaga mo nisi tautua ma le faʻaletino punaoa moni maua ai le tautua. Ma faʻalagolago i le punaoa o loʻo aveʻesea, a le o se tagata lava ia punaoa (Teuina o Mea Totino, Fesootaiga Iunite) po o se tulaga (Server, PC) ma o ai e faʻaaogaina ai lena punaoa, o le a fetaui ma se faʻapitoa virtualization faʻataʻitaʻiga.

O le mea lea, e taua le faʻamalamalamaina o latou e malamalama atili manino ai i le va o manatu e lua e pei o le virtual resource lea e tosoina ma le vaega (application, operating system, machine, faʻatasi ai ma isi), virtualized, o loʻo iai lena punaoa, talu ai o le mea lea aumaia ia i tatou se faʻatinoina virtualization faataitaiga.

I le manatuaina o nei mea uma i lou mafaufau, e mafai ona tatou vaʻaia ni fa ataʻaʻiga autu se tele:

Platform virtualization

  • Tagata Faigaluega Faagaioiga
  • Faataʻitaʻiga
  • Atoa virtualization
  • Faʻavasegaga
  • OS-tulaga virtualization
  • Kernel-level virtualization

Punaoa faʻamamaina

  • Faʻaupuga
  • Manatua mama
  • Teuina virtualization
  • Network virtualization
  • Fusiaina o Fesootaiga Fesootaiga (Ethernet fusia)
  • Ulufale / Faʻatinoina Virtualization
  • Memory virtualization

Talosaga virtualization

  • Limited application virtualization
  • Faʻamaea talosaga virtualization

Desktop virtualization

7.- Faʻalauteleina o le mataupu i luga o Virtualization o Faagaioiga Faʻagaioiga:

Ma talu ai e le lava i taimi uma e faitau ai le oloa faʻamaumauga laupepa, e tatau ai foi ona mafai ona faia se suʻega i la matou «Siosiomaga o galuega u Aiga " Ina ia vaʻaia muamua lima pe faʻafefea ona aoga mea e uiga i le faʻamasaniga, i le vaega 2 o lenei pou o le a ou taʻuina atu ia te oe e uiga i loʻu lava poto masani o Faʻapipiʻiina ma faʻatulagaina le VirtualBox 5.0.14 Polokalama i luga o le DEBIAN 9 i luga o se komupiuta maualalo punaoa.


O mataupu o le tusitusiga e tausisi ia tatou mataupu silisili o amio lelei faʻatonu. E lipotia se mea sese kiliki iinei.

12 manatu, tuʻu lau

Tuʻu lau faamatalaga

o le a le lomia lou tuatusi imeli.

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*

  1. E tali atu mo faʻamatalaga: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Faamoemoega o faʻamatalaga: Pulea le SPAM, faʻamatalaga pulega.
  3. Tulaga faʻatulafonoina: Lau maliega
  4. Fesoʻotaʻiga o faʻamatalaga: O faʻamatalaga o le a le fesoʻotaʻi atu i isi vaega vagana i tulafono faʻatulafonoina.
  5. Teuina o faʻamatalaga: Faʻamaumauga tuʻufaʻatasia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Aia Tatau: I soo se taimi e mafai ai ona e faʻatapulaʻaina, toe maua ma aveʻese au faʻamatalaga.

  1.   Drassill malo

    Tusitusiga lelei. Maea maeʻaeʻa ma auiliiliina, e ui lava semanu ou te faʻaopopoina foi Proxmox i totonu o le vaega tasi hypervisors, aua e faʻavae i luga o Debian ma o se tali fautuaina sili mo i latou e mananaʻo e faʻaaoga le 100% tekinolosi saoloto.

  2.   Tabris malo

    Faʻafefea lena La, ou te faʻaaloalo i Oracle (?)

  3.   Ing. Jose Alapati malo

    Lau pele Tabris, e saʻo oe! O se tamai slipis slip!

  4.   Ing. Jose Alapati malo

    E mautinoa lava, KVM o se tasi o sili ona taua faʻaonapo nei ma lelei faʻafofoina faʻafitauli mo Free Polokalama i aso nei!

  5.   Ing. Jose Alapati malo

    Mo nisi faʻamatalaga i luga o virtualization, faʻafouina ma mai le mafuaʻaga, oe mafai ona vaʻai i lenei sootaga: http://planet.virt-tools.org/

  6.   Gonzalo martinez malo

    O le mea moni virtualbox e mo isi mea, pei o le faʻamasaniina o se mea maoti, o se sui i le faaluaina booting, poʻo mo se ulugaliʻi faapitoa VM.

    Mo le gaosiga o sapalai e sili atu lona tele o gaioiga ma KVM mautu, i se isi itu mea faʻaaoga tele sili atu punaoa, ma e leai se mea e sili atu nai lo le faapipiiina libvirt, le virt-pule tagata faʻatau ma tuʻuina atu ia te oe (e te le tau faia le toe faʻafoʻi o le virtualbox kernel module, mo se faʻataʻitaʻiga).

    Ole faʻataʻitaʻiga ole virtualbox o lona iai o se interface e sili atu ona faʻaaoga e tagata, ma ua fuafuaina e faʻapipiʻi le desktop OS mo le faʻaaogaina i aso uma, ma mea faigaluega a malo aua le faʻamalamalamaina o faʻamalama ma linux e te tuʻuina, kopi ile host host ma Ou te faapipiina oe i le VM, ma isi.

    E sili atu ma le tasi le taimi na ou faʻamamaina ai Windows ma KVM, ma o le isumu e foliga mai o le 20hz o le tipi e minoi haha, ae na fuafuaina mo 'auʻaunaga ae le o le manaia mo le tagata faʻaaoga mulimuli.

  7.   Ing. Jose Alapati malo

    Ou te malilie faatasi ma oe! VBox mo suʻega i le fale, metotia ma faʻafitauli faʻapitoa i le maualalo o mea faigaluega (computing power) ma le KVM mo le auʻaunaga ma le maualuga o mea faigaluega!

    Ae ui i lea, o se faigofie, faʻauo ma malosi platform luga VBox e mafai foi.

  8.   Ing. Jose Alapati malo

    Aua neʻi galo Docker ma Citrix.

  9.   Pp malo

    Lelei, e ui lava o lona faʻamatalaga e faʻapipiʻina ma faigofie, e foliga mai ia te aʻu e leʻo manino pe aisea ma aisea virtualise. E i ai laʻu laʻititi faila faʻamatalaga ma xp. I laʻu mataupu, e tatau ona faʻapipiʻiina? E tatau ona ou faia ni 'auʻaunaga se lua e faʻatapulaʻa ai le faʻaaogaina o tagata? Lea mo le taimi nei o le sili ona taua mea.

  10.   manumalo malo

    e iai sau aʻoaʻoga ma le proxmox? aemaise i le virtualization o win 7

  11.   Emerson malo

    e pei o le faʻaalia o se manatu e lelei, ae mo lena foliga mai e tele naua o se bummer pe tele naua avanoa
    O le le malamalama e pei o aʻu e le manaʻomia tele ina ia malamalama ai i le mataupu, ma o le a le mea o loʻo i totonu o le pou e le o faʻamaninoina pe faʻafefea ona faʻaogaina pe ma le a, (seʻi vagana ua e iloa le tutusa ma le na tusiaina) Ou te talitonu o nei tagata oe ua tuuto E taʻu mai ia i matou mea na te iloa sili atu nai lo le aʻoaʻoina matou mea na te iloa, e tatau ona tuʻu o ia lava i totonu o seevae o le tasi e ulufale faʻaosofia e le ulutala o le pou, e faitau ia latou. Afai e te le manaʻo, aua e te faʻamatalaina ia te aʻu, ae sili ona taʻu mai ia te aʻu le mea e mafai ona ou suʻesuʻeina ai, ae a leai, aua le lafoina. Faʻafetai, tutusa ma oe