Maitiro ekuisa Arch Linux + KDE kana LXDE

 

Vaviri blog blog (Edward2 y Kitty) Ini ndakakumbirwa kunyora gwaro rekumisikidza yedistro yandinoshandisa, Arch Linux.Ngatisatakure nezvakawanda zvezvinhu zvinotaurwa pamusoro pekuparadzirwa uku, haisi nyore distro yekuisa, asi haina kuoma futi. Maitiro akareba.

Arch Linux kuisirwa yakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zviviri:

  1. Base system
  2. Setup

1: Kuisirwa base

Kuve yakajairika nhanho kumatunhu ese ini ndinosiya chinongedzo ku shamwari inotungamira elav <º Linux

2: Kugadziridza

Kana tangoisa yedu Arch Linux tinoona kuti koni yakavhurwa isu, ndezvekuti isu hatina kuisa chero chinhu kunze kwenzvimbo yepasi.

Isu tinopinda mumidzi modhi uye tinoisa password yedu.

Tinosarudza magirazi kana tisina kuzviita

nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Isu tinosarudza dzatinoda, asi kwete nekuti dzinobva munyika medu dzichamhanyisa, pachezvangu ndine vaviri vekutanga vanobva kuBrazil

Nhanho inotevera ndeyekuvandudza yedu system, yeizvi isu tinonyora zvinotevera

pacman -Syu

Mushure mekuvandudza ini ndinogara ndichichenesa mapakeji asingabatsiri uye zvisati zvashandiswa zvinyorwa nemirairo inotevera

pacman -Scc

Kana tangoita izvi, tinogadzirisa mafaera edu muchiitiko chekuti isu hatina kuagadzira

nano /etc/rc.conf

Kune avo vanobva kuSpain, iyo faira inofanirwa kuve seizvi

LOCALE="es_ES.UTF-8"
HARDWARECLOCK="UTC"
TIMEZONE="Europe/Madrid"
KEYMAP="es-cp850"
CONSOLEFONT=
CONSOLEMAP=
USECOLOR="yes"

Iyo inotevera faira yekumisikidza ichave iyo pacman.conf

nano /etc/pacman.conf

core, yekuwedzera uye nharaunda inogoneswa nekutadza uye isu tinowedzera inotevera repository

[archlinuxfr] Server = http://repo.archlinux.fr/i686

ino yekuchengetedza ichatibvumidza kuisa Yaourt.

Nhanho inotevera ichave yekugadzira mushandisi wedu, isu tichaigadzira zvinotevera

adduser

isu tinoteedzera nhanho dzekugadziriswa kwemushandisi mutsva

Iye zvino tinofanirwa kuwedzera mushandisi wedu kumapoka odhiyo, simba, vhiri, kuchengetedza, vhidhiyo, optical, floppy uye lp seinotevera

gpasswd -a usuario audio

muboka rega rega tinoshandura «odhiyo» yezvinoenderana

Chinhu chinotevera chichava chekuisa ruzha

pacman -S alsa-utils alsa-oss

Tinowedzera dhimoni Alsa

nano /etc/rc.conf

DAEMONS=(syslog-ng network netfs crond alsa gdm dbus ibus)

Isu tinoisa X.Org

pacman -S xorg

Iye zvino taisa yedu yemamiriro ekuratidzira

kde

pacman -S kdebase kde-l10n-es

kana zvimwe

pacman -S kde kde-l10n-es

Ini ndinokurudzira iyo Kdebase sarudzo zvimwe, saka tinoisimudza sezvatinoda

Lxde

pacman -S lxde

Inotevera ichava yedu yekuvhara skrini, pachezvangu ini ndinoshandisa Gdm

pacman -S gdm

yevashandisi veKde iyo Kdm yakaiswa pamwe chete nenharaunda kungave Kde kana Kdebase

Isu tinoshandura bootloader

nano /etc/inittab

ikozvino isu tinosiya unotevera mutsara seizvi

# Boot to console
#id:3:initdefault:
# Boot to X11
id:5:initdefault:

Zvinoenderana nemaneja watinoshandisa isu tinosiya inotevera tambo neimwe nzira

gdm

#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/xdm -nodaemon
x:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/gdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/kdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/slim >/dev/null 2>&1

kdm

#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/xdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/gdm -nodaemon
x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/kdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/slim >/dev/null 2>&1

xdm

x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/xdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/gdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/kdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/slim >/dev/null 2>&1

tetepa

#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/xdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/sbin/gdm -nodaemon
#x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/kdm -nodaemon
x:5:respawn:/usr/bin/slim >/dev/null 2>&1

Kana tichida kuti system yedu ishande tinowedzera iyo dbus daemon

nano /etc/rc.conf

DAEMONS=(syslog-ng network netfs crond alsa gdm dbus ibus)

Isu tinoisa Yaourt

pacman -S yaourt

Takagadzirira, isu tatova needu Arch Linux yakaiswa


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

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  1.   Josh akadaro

    Yakanaka kwazvo dzidziso, ini ndatova nematanho akanyorwa kuti aite iyo yekumisikidza, asi ini handizive kuti ndeapi madhimoni ekuwedzera kukwidza usb uye diski ine ntfs zvikamu ndinofunga ndeye ntfs-3g. Asi ini ndiri kushaya vamwe vanogona kundiudza kana iri hal, fam kana gamin.

    1.    chivindi akadaro

      Hal uye fam zvakanangana neGnome ini ndinofunga, ndosaka ndisina kuzviisa, ini handina kana imwe uye inondikodzera zvakakwana

      1.    Josh akadaro

        Ndatenda nerubatsiro rwenyu.

    2.    Edward2 akadaro

      Kukwira usb uye ntfs akapatsanurwa disks ndinotenda uye kundiruramisa kana ndakanganisa zvinoitwa naudev izvozvi. Mune yangu Arch + gnome3 kuisirwa, iyo chete daemon yandakaisa yaive dbus uye iyo chete module yaive fuse. uye zvese zvakanaka uye pasina matambudziko, ndinogona kuverenga chikamu icho Winbug 7 chaicho uye nekukwira usb ndisina kana kumboita chero gadziriso kana kuisa chimwe chinhu chaisave kutsamira pane desktop kana base.

      Ini ndinofunga ne kde yakafanana, saka iwe unofanirwa kuwedzera chete madhimoni anokuudza iwe muwiki.

  2.   poro akadaro

    chakanakisa dzidziso ushingi ndatenda, asi ini ndine mubvunzo, pacman magirazi akanaka kana ndikawedzera zvinopfuura girazi rimwe.

    1.    Edward2 akadaro

      Kana zvakanaka iwe unogona kusunungura magirazi ese uye shandisa iyo rankmirrors script kusarudza akanakisa iwo.

      kusunungura magirazi, gadzirisa yako /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist faira

      # nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

      yeizvi iwe unoisa curl ne: (uye python kana usati waiisa)

      # pacman -S curl python

      uye wozo chinja kune /etc/pacman.d dhairekitori ne

      # cd /etc/pacman.d

      backup yako mirrorlist faira

      # cp mirrorlist mirrorlist.backup

      zvino inguva yekuita chinzvimbo (iwo mamwe magirazi iwe auncomment, zvinotora nguva yakareba kuti uwane akanakisa iwo)

      # rankmirrors -n 6 mirrorlist.backup> mirrorlist

      Izvi zvinotarisa magirazi matanhatu akanakisa mufaira mirrorlist.backup uye kana wapedza unovachengeta mugirazi rondedzero kana uchida kuti vave vakanyanya 6 "-n 8" uye kana uchida zvimwe shandisa njere.

      mushure meizvozvo inosara ichiyananisa pacman nezvioni zvitsva ne:

      # pacman -Syy

      1.    poro akadaro

        Ndatenda zvikuru, ndichaitora kuti ndiise faira rangu. Zvido.

  3.   Oscar akadaro

    Ushingi, ndinoda kuziva kana zvichibvira kuti sei uchishandisa LXDE uye ndezvipi zvakanaka nezvakaipa. Mwedzi mishoma yapfuura ndakaiisa kubva kuDebian yekuyedza CD asi maneja wefaira anga aine bhagi uye haana kuvhura neimwe nzira, saka ndakaramba ndichiisunungura uye ndakasara ndisina kuyedza.

    1.    kuburikidza ne akadaro

      Oscar, edza Lubuntu uye iwe uchaona kuti inokurumidza kupfuura mheni!

      1.    chivindi akadaro

        Mune yangu nyaya inobereka zvimwe nekuti Arch inoshandisa KISS, iwo ma distros akatakurwa zvakanyanya (iyo * buntu)

        1.    Hadhesi akadaro

          Asi kuiswa kwako hakubatsiri kana iwe usina internet. Kana iwe uchizondiudza kuti ini ndinovatora kubva painternet internet, zvirinani kuti nditore distro senge openuse kana kubuntu.

    2.    chivindi akadaro

      Ini ndinokumbira mvumo kubva kuvatungamiriri kuti vavhure chinyorwa nezve LXDE

      1.    KZKG ^ Gaara <"Linux akadaro

        Huya… siya zvisina maturo HAHAHA, zvirokwazvo unogona…. lol

        1.    chivindi akadaro

          Ngatione, mukufungidzira ini ndinotarisira chimwe chinhu (kunyangwe chave hafu kufa) ndosaka ndichibvunza

          1.    KZKG ^ Gaara <"Linux akadaro

            Iwe nyora zvaunoda, izvo hazvina dambudziko 😀
            Ingoedza kunyora chimwe chinhu chisingadzokororwe, semuenzaniso kana isu tanga tanyora dzidziso yekuisa Debian + KDE, hazvina musoro kuti iwe uite imwe ye "Isa KDE paDebian" 😉

  4.   nestor akadaro

    Kana mumwe munhu akaisa arch linux mu virtualbox uye asingakwanise kugadzirisa zvinyorwa sezvazvakaitika kwandiri, mhinduro ndeiyi:

    Mu etc / rc.conf, iwe unongoda kuisa network:
    eth0 = »dhcp»
    ZVINOKOSHA = (eth0)

    Uyezve pacman -Syu.

  5.   alf akadaro

    Mu etc / rc.conf, iwe unongoda kuisa network:
    eth0 = "dhcp"
    ZVINOKOSHA = (eth0)

    Kwete, hazvishande, zvirinani kuti hazvina kundishandira.

  6.   alf akadaro

    Ndine mazuva matatu ndisina kukwanisa kumhanyisa arch, zvirokwazvo haisi yangu.

  7.   Kyz akadaro

    Mhoroi, ini ndakatevera giraidhi ndichiisa kdebase uye zvese zvaitaridzika kunge zvakapusa kwandiri, asi kana uchipinda kde yaive yakanamirwa mukusvetuka uye pakadzvanya-pora chidzitiro chakasviba (zvishoma nezvishoma, sekunge yaive screensaver) uye haina desktop yacho yakaonekwa. Chingave chinhu kubva kuvatyairi?

    Uye nenzira, ini handikwanise kupinda chero imwe tty sezvo hofori mitsetse ichionekwa pakati pechiso (?) Uye, ichipinda nenzira yekusafefefe, haina kukumbira kupinda mune chero chazvo.

    1.    Kyz akadaro

      Zvakanaka, ini ndatozvigadzirisa. Ini ndaifanirwa kudzoreredza zvese uye panguva ino kumisikidza iwo madhiraivha egrafiki, ndisati ndaisa kde.

      Asi ini pakupedzisira ndine Arch yangu yekutanga !! 🙂

      1.    chivindi akadaro

        Chokwadi, vatyairi vanoenda kumberi

      2.    KZKG ^ Gaara akadaro

        haha panguva yakanaka, nakirwa 😀

  8.   verbellon akadaro

    Nekusvika kwe "systemd" muArchLinux (ikozvino ISO Dec 2012), hapana chikonzero chekutaura nezve rc.conf.

    Ini ndinofunga ichi posvo chinofanira kuvandudzwa. Usazvitore zvakashata.

    Mufaro…..

    1.    xykyz akadaro

      Iyi posvo inopfuura yegore murume munyoro, haugone kugadzirisa zvese zvakapfuura posvo, asi nyora nyowani nyowani yakadzoserwa kana ichionekwa seyakakodzera ...

  9.   pedro akadaro

    useradd -m -g vashandisi -G odhiyo, vhidhiyo, vhiri, simba, kuchengetedza, optical, lp, mitambo -s / bin / bash pedro
    passwd pedro
    uye zvinondiudza kutendeseka kutadza munhu anogona kundibatsira pane izvi