Maitiro ekutamba maWindows mitambo paLinux

Kuti umhanye mitambo yako yeWindows tinoda rubatsiro rwezvishandiso zvakati wandei: WINE, Dx Waini, Winetricks naLutrisMuchidzidzo ichi tichaona maitiro ekuisa uye kugadzirisa mumwe nomumwe wavo.

Nhanganyaya kuWINE

Sekuziva kwese munhu, Linux haitsigire .EXE mafaera. Saka gehena anogona sei Windows zvirongwa kumhanya? Huye, vamwe vakangwara vakaita chirongwa chinonzi WINE, zvinoreva kuti Waini haisi emulator, inova imwe yenzira dzekumhanyisa chirongwa cheWindows pasi peLinux.
Asi, kana isiri emulator, zvinoita sei?

Icho chikonzero nei Waini isiri emulator ndeyekuti emulators anowanzo teedzera nharaunda yese chirongwa chinogara mairi, kusanganisira kuenzanisa yakapihwa microprocessor dhizaini. Waini, kune rumwe rutivi, inoshandisa izvo zvinogona kunzi inoenderana dhata, iyo inopa dzimwe nzira kumaraibhurari eWindows.

Izvo zvakanaka? Hongu uye Kwete. Ngatitaurei akati wandei echokwadi ...

Kushandisa zvirinani kwe RAM

Windows (mune chero yedzimwe shanduro dzayo) ine huwandu hukuru hwepurogiramu dzakatakurwa mundangariro dze RAM idzo muLinux hadziwanzo kutakurwa (verenga, antivirus, antimalware, nezvimwewo). WINE, hazviite izvozvo. Nekudaro, inoshandisa mashoma zviwanikwa pane Windows.

Nongedzera X

Direct X ndiyo inonyanya kushandiswa API mumitambo yeWindows uye inosarudzika kune ino inoshanda system. Linux, yechikamu chayo, inoshandisa OpenGL.

Saka Linux inomhanya sei mitambo inoda DirectX kana ichingoshandisa OpenGL? Ndipo panopinda mashiripiti ewaini: inoita OpenGL kutevedzera DirectX.

Zvakaguma nei? Zviripachena, kana uchiteedzera, iwe unorasikirwa nekuita.

Mitambo inomhanya zvirinani paWindows? Ini ndaikuudza kuti zvinoenderana nemutambo. Nekudaro, mhinduro ndeiyi YES, chaizvo nekuda kwekuteedzera kweX X. Zvinogona kutaurwa kuti mitambo yakanangana naDirect X 7 inoshanda zvakafanana paWindows seLinux, asi iine DX9 zvichienda mberi zvinhu zvinoshanduka zvakanyanya: ingangoita 20% kushoma kuita.

Mitambo yeWindows

Izvo zvakaoma kwazvo kuti waini iratidze mitambo inouya neiyi system. Ndokusaka, kusvikira nhasi, iyo isingamhanye, semuenzaniso, mitambo yakaita Street Fighter IV, Resident Evil 5 kana Gear of Wars.

Mahwindo akasiyana emutambo wega wega

Chinhu chakanakira WINE ndechekuti kana iwe uchida iwe unogona kugadzira mutambo wekare kumhanya paWindows 95, uye nyowani paWindows 7.

Uye kwete chete izvo sarudzo dzinogumira ipapo, asi zvakare zvinotendera kuisirwa mamwe mapurogiramu, senge fomati, directx, uye zvese zvimwe zvaunogona kufunga nezvazvo.

Uye ipapo ndipo apo WINE inoita kwazvo mabasa ayo kubvira, semuenzaniso, kune mitambo inoshanda zvakanaka neWindows, ine x zvirongwa zvakaiswa, nezvimwe.

Izvi zvinoreva zvakare kuti kana iwe ukashandisa yakajairika WINE kumisikidzwa, kune mitambo ichaenda kuita zvirinani uye mimwe yakaipa. Naizvozvo, kumhanya mitambo zviri nyore kumhanya WINE uchishandisa chirongwa chinonzi Playonlinux, iyo inotaurira WINE kumhanya Windows yakanyatsogadzirirwa iwo mutambo. Ko izvi?

Windows vhidhiyo madhiraivha ari nani pane Linux iwo

Yese bvunzo inoratidza kuti painomhanya, semuenzaniso, Open Arena, zvese muWindows XP neLinux, muWindows inokanda mamwe mafuremu. Mune mamwe mazwi, muWindows iyo skrini inozorodzwa nekukurumidza kupfuura muLinux, zvinoreva kuti inotora zvirinani kadhi revhidhiyo.

Izvi hazviitike nekuti mutambo hausi wemuno kana nekuda kweWINE kana imwe emulator. Iyo bvunzo yakaitwa nekumhanyisa iwo akanangana ekuzvarwa maitirwo eimwe neimwe sisitimu yekushandisa. Saka? Mhinduro ndeyekuti, kubvisa zvimwe zvese zvinhu, zvinongoramba zvichiti vatyairi vemakadhi evhidhiyo eWindows vari nani (kubva a technical point yekuona) kupfuura Linux.

Nhungamiro yewaini

Ini ndinokurudzira kuisa iyo beta vhezheni yeWine, nekuti muzviitiko zvakawanda ine zvigadziriso zvisiri mushanduro dzakatsiga, uye zvimwe mune yazvino vhezheni 1.3.28 iyo inoshanda zvinoshamisa uye ine zvakawanda zvekuvandudza. Kana wapedza, iwe unofanirwa kuve neWine neWinetricks yakaiswa. Iwe zvakare une mukana wekuisa Lutris, Playonlinux y Vineyard izvo zvinogona kubatsira zvakanyanya, asi isu tinozosiira izvo zvekuzotevera.

Nongedzera X

Chinhu chekutanga chatinofanira kuita kuisa DirectX.

Dx Waini ndiyo nzira yakanakisa yekuisa DirectX.

Dhawunirodha Dx Waini (chirongwa chinoshamisa chakagadzirwa nekwavoode) icho chinoita nyore kuisa DirectX 9c muWine. Izvo zvakanaka uye zvinotokupa iwe sarudzo yekuve neDxdiag.

Iwe une sarudzo yekumisikidza DX10 uye DX11, zvese zvinoenderana nekuti makadhi evhidhiyo aunotsigira kana kwete.

DxDiag, yakanakira kuziva kana ese Hardware achizivikanwa muWine.

Visual Basic, .Net, nezvimwe.

Ipapo, neWinetricks unogona kuisa anotevera mapurogiramu ayo, kunyangwe asiri iwo ekumanikidzwa, angave anodikanwa kumhanya mutambo.

Visual Basic:
- vcrun 2005 (Kutaridzika C ++ 2005)
- vcrun 2008 (Kutaridzika C ++ 2008)
- vcrun 2010 (Kutaridzika C ++ 2010)

Framework:
- dotnet20 (Sisitimu NET 2.0)
- dotnet30 (Sisitimu NET 3.0)
- dotnet35 (Sisitimu NET 3.5)
- dotnet40 (Sisitimu NET 4). Iyi haioneke muWinetricks. Inogona kuiswa manyore.

Kune zvakawanda zvimwe zvinhu zvekuisa. Tora tarisiro yakanaka pane izvo Winetricks zvinopa. Izvo zvaunoda zvinoenderana nemuchina wako uye maapplication aunoda kushandisa. Nekudaro, izvo zviri pamusoro zvinogona kunzi ndezvepadiki uye zvakakosha.

Winetricks

Gadzira waini sarudzo

Vhura Winetricks uye sarudza "Sarudza default wineprefix" uye "Chinja marongero". Kwandiri kurongeka kwakanakisa ndekwekuti:

- ddr = opengl
- dsoundhw = Kuteedzera
- glsl = yakaremara
- multisampling = yakaremara
- mwo = inogoneswa
- native_mdac
- npm = repack
- orm = nhemabuffer
- psm = inogoneswa
- rtlm = auto
- kurira = alsa
- strictdrawordening = yakaremara
- vd = kubviswa

Pane idzi sarudzo, pane maviri anovandudza mashandiro

- OffscreenRenderingMode, kana uchiisa iyo FM (Framebuffer) sarudzo, inokanda mafuremu akati wandei, inotonhora, uye inoita chinhu chimwe chete ichi kakawanda. Saka chero mutambo hautambe. Ichi chikonzero nei backbuffering inokurudzirwa.

- Direct Ruzha: Hardware Kumhanyisa, chinja Yakazara yeKuteedzera. Izvi zvinowedzera zvakanyanya kuita uye kuenderana pamusoro pe "zvizere".

Zvakare, kuti uwane kuita, unogona kudzima GLSL uye MultiSampling, asi iwe unorasikirwa nemifananidzo yakajeka.

Kana WINE, kunyangwe mushure mezvese izvi, isingawani vhidhiyo kadhi, ita izvi:

Paunenge uchinge wachinja sarudzo, ini ndakavhura iyo .wine dhairekitori mune yako mushandisi dhairekitori, uye ipapo ini ndakavhura faira inonzi "mushandisi.reg" (iro registry makiyi akagadzirwa nemushandisi anochengetwa ipapo).

Ikoko tsvaga [SoftwareWineDirect3D] uye kumagumo wedzera:

"VideoDescription" = "Pinda modhi yemakadhi evhidhiyo nemakotesheni" "VideoDriver" = "nv4_disp.dll" "VideoMemorySize" = "Pinda memory memory yemakadhi evhidhiyo"

Mune yangu nyaya, zvinoita kunge seizvi:

[SoftwareWineDirect3D] 1318967087 "DirectDrawRenderer" = "opengl" "Multisampling" = "yakaremara" "NonPower2Mode" = "repack" "OffscreenRenderingMode" = "backbuffer" "PixelShaderMode" = "inogoneswa" "RenderTargetLockMode" = "auto" "akaremara" "UseGLSL" = "akaremara" "VideoDescription" = "GeForce 7025 / nForce 630a / PCI / SSE2 / 3DNOW!" "VideoDriver" = "nv4_disp.dll" "VideoMemorySize" = "512"

Ready! WAINI yagadzirira hondo!

Isu tato shandisa WIne, Dx Waini uye Winetricks. Iye zvino ticha kusimudzira zvese izvi nechirongwa chinonzi Lutris.

Nhanganyaya kuna Lutris

Lutris nemamwe eangu makuru maitiro ...

Lutris chirongwa chinobatanidza mitambo yese papuratifomu imwe, chimwe chinhu chakafanana neSteam.

Hunhu hwayo ndeyekutsigira ZVIMWE ZVESE, asi tarisa pane runyorwa rwezvinhu zviri mubhengi:

- Linux yemuno mitambo.
- Windows yemuno mitambo.
- MAME mitambo.
- Shamwari 500, 600, 1200.
- Atari 2600, 800, 800XL, 130XE, 5200, ST, STE, TT, Lynx.
- Bandai WonderSwan, WonderSwan Ruvara.
- Mitambo yepamhepo kubva kubhurawuza, senge Quake Live, Minecraft uye zvese flash.
- Commmodore VIC-20, C64, C128, CBM-II, PLUS / 4.
- LucasArt SCUMM (Monkey Island, Maniac Mansion, nezvimwewo).
- Magnavox Odyssey², Videopac +.
- Mattel Intellivision.
- Microsoft MSX, MS-DOS.
- NEC PC-Injini Turbographx 16, Supergraphx, PC-FX.
- Nintendo NES, SNES, Game Boy, Game Boy Advance, Gamecube uye Wii.
- Sega Master Sytem, ​​Game Gear, Genesi, Dreamcast.
- SNK Neo Geo, Neo Geo Pocket.
- Sony Playstation.
- Z-Muchina.

Asi chakanakisa pane zvese ndechekuti pamutambo wega wega inokupa sarudzo dzakawanda, saka ZVAKAWANDA ZVINOGONESESWA kuti iwe uzvishandise, sezvo paine zvakawanda zvingasarudzwa paWine, zvinoenderana nemutambo waunogona kuchinja, pasina kukanganisa waini kana imwe mitambo. Zvakafanana ne PlayOnLinux, asi Lutris anoita kunge ari nani kwandiri, nekuti haingokupi chete mukana wekuti uwane mitambo yeWindows, asi kune vakawanda emulators.

Mukuvhara, taura kuti hapana hunovandudzika muLubuntu neXubuntu. Mumwe anogona kufunga kuti kushandisa mashoma RAM ndangariro kwaizokanganisa kuita kweWINE, asi kwete. Zvichida izvi zvinoitika nekuti Waini inobatwa ichishandisa zvakanyanya CPU uye vhidhiyo kadhi.

mabviro: patchiu


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

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  1.   Vashomanana akadaro

    waini
    Is
    Kwete
    Emulator

    WAINI haisi emulator.

  2.   Mvuri_Hondo akadaro

    Izvo zvino, zvisati zvanyatso reva "WINdows Emulator" ("WINE")

  3.   Ace yefoshoro akadaro

    Tarisa kwandanga ndichitsvaga chimwe chinhu seichi ikozvino ndatanga kuyedza kuisa windows mitambo paLinux. Ini ndaive ndakakwanisa kusonamira kuisa uye kuridza zvinhu zvina Quake 3, Half-Life 1, uye Age yeMythology. Asi ini ndoda kuyedza GTA 3 (inoiisa asi isingaone iyo cd painotamba) uye Jedi Knight 2 iyo inondipa kukanganisa.

    Ndatenda neichi posvo.

  4.   Gabi akadaro

    Ndiri kuda kuisa PC3 mutambo paWindows 7 asi haizotanga nekuti haienderane saka ndakafunga kuti kana ikashandurwa kana kushandurwa kuti Linux ikwanise kuitsigira, yaizondikomborera chaizvo.Ndinobvunza nekuti ndiri mukomana ane makore gumi

    1.    Andres akadaro

      Ndeupi mutambo?

  5.   Adiraeri mune dzimwe mitauro akadaro

    Ini ndinoda oparesheni 7 pamhepo uye iyo cabal pamhepo ndine matambudziko ekumhanya ese ari muhwindo iyo oparesheni7 ini ndinofanirwa kuimhanyisa mu win XP nekuti kunyangwe ndikaisa yakawanda ram memory memory pc yangu haina kumhanya izere mu win7 uye iyo cabal yakawanda Parizvino uye kuva nemifananidzo yakajeka haimhanye izere pahwina xp asi kana ichizadza yakazara pa win7 NDINOVENGA VAYA VANONYANYA PAWINDOWS! Iko kunogara kune kusapindirana mune chimwe chinhu kunze kwekudya zvese zviwanikwa zvangu kuti ndikwanise kutamba chimwe chinhu chinonakidza ndinofanira kurodha pasi sisitimu yese neGAME BOSSTER uye neTUNAP UTILES uye kunyangwe zvakadaro hazvitore zvizere ini ndoda kuona kana OPERTION 7 inogona kumhanya pane linux izvozvi iko kushanda7 hakuchinje marekodhi kana chero chinhu chakadai asi chine tsananguro yekuti haina kukwana kuteedzera nekunamatira dhairekitori remutambo pane imwe pc iwe zvakare unofanirwa kuteedzera dhairekitori iwe rawakaisa padiski c uye inonzi LIN iyo pakutanga kukuona Unozviona uye hauzvifunge pss gare gare unoona kuti ndiyo dhairekitori iyo irikutsvagirwa irikutsvaga painotanga uye ine nzira dzekutevera uye neruzivo rwevhezheni IZVI ZVANDINODA KUNANGANYA IZVI KANA UCHIITA CHIRONGWA CHAKO NDINOGONA Kumhanya PASINA CHINANGWA Iyo .EXE YEMUTAMBO UYE IYO IYO INONYANYA NDINONYANYA YENYAYA YENZIRA ASINA KUKanganisa

  6.   Miquel Mayol ndiri Tur akadaro

    nekuda kweizvozvo, kuenderana runyorwa rwewainihq uye playonlinux inokuzivisa iwe nezve iyo mitambo iri 100% ok, uye iyo isiri kuenda zvakanaka zvachose.
    http://appdb.winehq.org/objectManager.php?sClass=application&iId=9399

    http://appdb.winehq.org/objectManager.php?sClass=application&iId=5275

  7.   ger akadaro

    Paul,

    Yakanaka post !!

    Ndinovimba kuti nekufamba kwenguva, makambani achatanga kuburitsa mitambo yemhando yepamusoro yeGNU / Linux, ichave nyaya yekuziva kuti vashandisi veLinux vatomiririra chikamu chakakura chevashandisi vese….

    Ndinokutendai!

  8.   rinokudza0009 akadaro

    NaAOM inomhanya neexhibition yeTitans ndinoitora sezvisina basa, ndiwo chete mutambo wandinofarira nezveGüindos XD, unoziva nekuda kwematambudziko neshamwari uye nemhuri.

  9.   Luis akadaro

    Ini handikwanise kurodha lutris .. 🙁

    UNOGONA Kundipa INI KUSVIRA KUTORA ZVESE WAINA, Winetricks naLutris

  10.   Juan Manuel akadaro

    chii chinonzi webhusaiti

  11.   dhani akadaro

    Chinhu chimwe chete ini ndine pentium III ye0.8ghz uye 650mb yegondohwe, ndingaite sei izvozvo kana ndichimhanya warcaft 3 muwaini mne inoshandisa zvishoma ndeyekuti mushure mechinguva inotanga kundinonoka uye sezvo ini ndisina windows ...

  12.   Paul akadaro

    Ini handinzwisise, dzimwe nguva mune mamwe maforamu vanotsoropodza windows zvakanyanya, vachiti imari yakachena (inova dzimwe nguva ichokwadi) asi pakupedzisira vanoda kurodha directx. Ini ndinotenda kuti ese mahwindo uye linux ane zvikanganiso, uye iwo ZVINOGONESESA. Linux inobatsira zvakanyanya pakuronga, maseva, internet uye indasitiri. Ipo Windos ichinyanya kubatsira pamba, ndokuti mitambo, zvinyorwa, internet, nezvimwe.

    Semuenzaniso, yewifi uye internet zvigadzirwa, linux iri nani. Asi Kutamba hazvisi.

    Ndinokutendai!

  13.   Gabriel akadaro

    maitiro ekuisa iyo dx waini

  14.   kuk akadaro

    rimwe zuva tichava neimwe yakanaka imwe linux 😉

  15.   Eddy zororo akadaro

    Mupiro wakanaka, ndichaona kana ndichigona kuishandisa pane yangu Manjaro Linux

  16.   gabux22 akadaro

    Na lutris uye kambani iri yemhando yepamusoro kutamba paLinux ... nekuda kweUsemosLinux necia zvekare kuti inotirima muGNU / Linux nyika… totenda zvizere .. 🙂

    1.    ngatishandise linux akadaro

      Unogamuchirwa! Kumbundirana!

  17.   Jaime akadaro

    Mhoroi, ndine dambudziko uye nderekuti ndakaedza kurodha pasi iyo DX Waini asi kubvira http://sourceforge.net/projects/dxwine/ Haichawanikwi, handizive kana paine imwe nzira yekuitora.

  18.   Juan Jose akadaro

    mitambo yese yemahwindo inogona kushandiswa nezvirongwa izvi?

  19.   deimer akadaro

    Mhoro zvakanaka, ndine Ubuntu 15.10 ini handina kukwanisa kurodha mutambo nekuti haivhure mumwe munhu anogona kunditsanangurira zvekuita

  20.   QKingsta akadaro

    Puff! Ini ndinogara muWindows zvirinyore kurodha pasi, Kuisa uye Kutamba pane iyo shit yekutora senge 3 kana 4 zvirongwa uye wozvimisikidza kuti vakwanise kutamba mutambo. Linux yakagadzirirwa vanhu vari programmers kana vanogadzira netiweki uye maseva asi haina kugadzirirwa isu vedu vanoda mitambo yemavhidhiyo.

    1.    Diego akadaro

      Iyi dzidziso ndeye yekutamba paLinux nemitambo yakanyorerwa Windows. Mitambo yakanyorerwa Linux inoshanda muLinux semitambo yakanyorerwa Windows muWindows: Unovaisa uye ndizvozvo.

      Zvino zvibvunze kuti ungatamba sei paWindows nemutambo wakanyorerwa Linux, uye kana zviri nyore kwauri kupfuura imwe nzira yakatenderedza, ipapo unogona kuti Linux inoyamwa.

      Thanks.

      1.    Jose Luis akadaro

        Ndiyo mhinduro yakanakisa yandakaona mumakore

  21.   Rafael Portillo T. akadaro

    Kutenda nedzidziso…!