IRed Hat Enterprise Linux 9 ifika neLinux 5.14, Gnome 40, ukuthuthukiswa nokunye.

I-Red Hat yethule ngokusemthethweni inguqulo yesi-9 yokusatshalaliswa kwayo kwe-Linux "Red Hat Enterprise Linux" (RHEL), ebizwa ngePlow.

Le nguqulo ihlose ukusebenzisa izici nemisebenzi ngaphandle kokwehluka kakhulu ezinguqulweni zayo zangaphambili. I-Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 yakhelwe ukushayela uguquko lwebhizinisi ngokuhambisana nokushintsha kwamandla emakethe kanye nezidingo zamakhasimende ezweni elisabalalisiwe, elizenzakalelayo lekhompyutha. Inkundla izotholakala ngokuvamile emasontweni azayo.

Inguqulo 9 ingukukhululwa kokuqala okukhulu selokhu i-IBM yathola i-Red Hat yavalwa ngoJulayi 2019. I-RHEL 8.0 ikhishwe ezinyangeni ezimbili ngaphambili. Kuphinde kube ukukhululwa kokuqala okukhulu kokusatshalaliswa kwebhizinisi kusukela iRed Hat yenza kabusha ukusatshalaliswa kwayo kwamahhala kwebhizinisi le-CentOS njenge-RHEL ekhuphuka nomfula esikhundleni sokwakhiwa kabusha kwayo.

Yini okusha in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9

I-Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.0 ifika ne-kernel 5.14, systemd 249, Python 3.9, PHP 8, kanye ne-GCC 11.2. Kufaka phakathi i- ikhonsoli yewebhu esekelwe kuphrojekthi ye-Cockpit, manje eseseka ukupeshwa okubukhoma kwe-kernel egijimayo kusetshenziswa ithuluzi le-kpatch. Kukhona futhi isethi yamathuluzi okuphatha iziqukathi, ngokusekelwe kuphrojekthi ye-toolbx ephezulu.

I-Flatpak iseyifomethi egxilwe kakhulu kudeskithophu, ngokungafani nefomethi ye-Ubuntu Snap, ngokubona kwethu, ihloselwe kokubili ideskithophu kanye neseva. Njengoba ukuthunyelwa okuningi kwe-RHEL 9 kungenzeka kube kumaseva, iziqukathi zizobaluleka kakhulu ekuthunyelweni kwezicelo. Inguqulo entsha iletha izinguquko ezibalulekile ekuphathweni kwamabhokisis, okuhlanganisa inguqulo 2 yamaqoqo kanye nokusetshenziswa kwe-crun njengesikhathi sokusebenza sesiqukathi esimisiwe.

Ngaphandle kwakho, Kuyaphawulwa futhi ukuthi ithuthukise kakhulu ukusebenza kwe-SELinux nokunciphisa ukusetshenziswa kwenkumbulo. Kususwe ukwesekwa kokusetha okuthi "SELINUX=ikhutshaziwe" ukuze kukhubazwe i-SELinux ku-/etc/selinux/config (ukulungiselelwa okucacisiwe manje kuvimbela ukulayishwa kwenqubomgomo kuphela, futhi empeleni ukukhubaza ukusebenza kwe-SELinux manje kudinga ukudlulisa okuthi "selinux=0" ku-kernel).

Kubuye kuqhakanjiswe lokho ungeze usekelo lokuvumelanisa isikhathi esinembayo ngokusekelwe kuphrothokholi ye-NTS (I-Network Time Security), esebenzisa izici zengqalasizinda yokhiye womphakathi (PKI) futhi ivumela ukusetshenziswa kwe-TLS kanye nokubethela okuqinisekisiwe kwe-AEAD (Ukubethela Okuqinisekisiwe Ngedatha Ehambisanayo) ukuze kuvikelwe i-cryptographic yokusebenzisana kweseva yeklayenti phezu kwephrothokholi ye-NTP ( Isikhathi Senethiwekhi Iphrothokholi). Iseva ye-chrony NTP ibuyekezelwe enguqulweni engu-4.1.

I-Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 nayo igqamisa imizamo ye-Red Hat yokuletha izici ezibalulekile isistimu Esebenzayo njengamasevisi, ukuqala ngesevisi entsha yesithombe. Ukwakhela phezu kokusebenza okukhona kweplathifomu eyisisekelo, le sevisi isekela ukuthwebula izithombe kwezinhlelo zamafayela ngokwezifiso nabahlinzeki bamafu abaholayo nobuchwepheshe bokubona, okuhlanganisa i-AWS, i-Google Cloud, iMicrosoft Azure, ne-VMware.

I-Red Hat ne-AWS zisebenze ndawonye isikhathi esingaphezu kweminyaka eyishumi ukuze ziqhube imithwalo yomsebenzi esekelwe ku-Red Hat Enterprise Linux ezimweni ze-AWS kusetshenziswa amaphrosesa e-Graviton aklanywe yi-ARM. Ukuhlanganiswa kwe-Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 nama-AWS Graviton processors kusiza ukukhulisa ukusebenza kwentengo kwenqwaba yamafu amafu asebenza ku-Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2).

I-Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 iyaqhubeka nokuzibophezela kwe-Red Hat ekuhlinzekeni a Iplathifomu ye-Linux eqinile ekwazi ukuphatha imithwalo ebucayi kakhulu, ukuhlanganisa ukuqamba okusha namandla amakhulu okuvikeleka. Okubhaliselwe kwe-Red Hat Enterprise Linux kuhlanganisa nokufinyelela ku-Red Hat Insights, isevisi eqhubekayo yokuskena ye-Red Hat ukuze kutholwe futhi kulungiswe izinkinga ezingaba sengozini nezokucushwa kuyilapho kuthuthukiswa ukusetshenziswa kwezinsiza nokubhaliselwe kwamafu ayingxubevange.

I-Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 futhi ifaka isiginesha yedijithali yokulinganisa ubuqotho nama-hashi (IMA). Ngesakhiwo sokulinganisa ubuqotho, abasebenzisi bangaqinisekisa ubuqotho besistimu yokusebenza besebenzisa amasiginesha edijithali namahashi. Lokhu kusiza ekutholeni izinguquko ezinonya kwingqalasizinda, okwenza kube lula ukukhawulela amathuba okuba sengozini yamasistimu. Okunye okusekela ukukhethwa kwebhizinisi kwezakhiwo nezindawo ngokusebenzisa ifu elixubile elixubile, iRed Hat Enterprise Linux 9 izotholakala ku-IBM Cloud futhi iphelelisa izici ezibalulekile zokuphepha namandla e-IBM Power Systems kanye ne-IBM Z.

Ngaphandle kwalokho, futhi isekela i-kernel patching evela ku-Red Hat Enterprise Linux web console, ngokuzenzakalelayo ukuthi izinhlangano ze-IT zingenza kanjani imisebenzi ebalulekile esikalini. Amathimba okusebenza kwe-IT angasebenzisa izibuyekezo ekusetshenzisweni kwesistimu enkulu esabalalisiwe ngaphandle kokufinyelela kumathuluzi omugqa womyalo, okwenza kube lula ukuxazulula izinkinga ezithinta ukukhiqiza kusukela kusikhungo sedatha esimaphakathi kuye kumafu amaningi, okuhlanganisa nomjikelezo.

Ekugcineni, uma unentshisekelo yokwazi kabanzi ngakho, ungaxhumana nemininingwane Kulesi sixhumanisi esilandelayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.