Isebenzisa i-GNU / Linux boot nge-E4rat

Izolo umngani ungitshele ngakho E4rat (I-Ext4 - Ukunciphisa Izikhathi Zokufinyelela) iqoqo lamathuluzi okusheshisa inqubo yokuqalisa yesistimu yethu futhi namuhla, nginqume ukuyizama.

Ngisesha ngithole ku- I-Linux isifundo sokufakwa kwayo kanye nencazelo yokusebenza kwayo. Ngicaphuna lapha izwi nezwi:

Ungathola ukuthi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi uhlelo lwakho luba nzima ngokwengeziwe futhi kuthatha isikhathi eside ukulayisha i-OS yakho.Lokhu kuyinto ejwayelekile kuzo zonke izinhlelo futhi imbangela enkulu imvamisa ukuseshwa nokulayishwa kwamafayela adingekayo ekuqaleni, ngoba isistimu imvamisa kufanele iskene yonke idiski ukuyithola. Ukugwema lokhu nokwandisa i- ibhuthini, kunamathuluzi afana ne-e4rat.

I-E4rat (i-Ext4 - Yehlisa Ukufinyelela Izikhathi) iqoqo lamathuluzi okusheshisa inqubo yokuqalisa, kanye nezinhlelo zokusebenza ezilayishayo ekuqaleni, ukubhalisa amafayela asetshenziswe kumizuzu yokuqala emibili yokuqalisa, ukuwahambisa kabusha nokuwalayisha kabusha, ngaleyo ndlela kususwe izikhathi ukusesha nokubambezeleka kokubambezeleka. Lokhu kuholela ezingeni eliphakeme lokudlulisa i-hard drive.

Inqubo iqukethe izinyathelo ezintathu: ukuqoqa ulwazi mayelana nokuqalisa, ukwabela amafayela kabusha, bese uwafaka ukuthi alayishe kuwo wonke amabhuthi.

Khumbula ukuthi lokhu kusebenza kuphela ngamadiski kazibuthe futhi adinga ukufomethwa ku-ext4.

Sizoqala ngokulanda uhlelo kusuka ekhasini lakhoKulokhu ngizolanda ifayela le-.deb, ngoba ngizobe ngisebenzisa Ubuntu 11.04.

Ngaphambi kokuyifaka, kufanele sisuse i-ureadahead, ukuze ingangqubuzani:

sudo dpkg --purge ureadahead ubuntu-minimal

Qaphela: Ngaphambi kokuhlanzwa, kukhona ama-hyphens amabili.

Sifaka ukuncika kwe-e4rat:

sudo apt-get install libblkid1 e2fslibs

Ngemuva kwalokho sifaka uhlelo.

Manje sengizokuchazela kalula ngangokunokwenzeka ukuthi ungayenza kanjani isebenze. Okokuqala, kufanele sihlele eyethu i-grub noma i-grub2 njengoba kungaba njalo:

sudo nano /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Ngaphakathi kwefayela sibheka umugqa ofana nalokhu:

linux   /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.38-10-generic root=UUID=92f37630-c3b4-476b-a0ab-f4a0d9f4180f ro

siyengeza okulandelayo ekugcineni komugqa:

init=/sbin/e4rat-collect

Mina, kubukeka kanjena:

linux   /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.38-10-generic root=UUID=92f37630-c3b4-476b-a0ab-f4a0d9f4180f ro   quiet splash vt.handoff=7 init=/sbin/e4rat-collect

Qaphela: Isinyathelo esedlule singenza ngokufana ngqo kusukela ekuqaleni, lapho isikrini se-grub siphuma, sisemgqeni we-OS yethu bese ucindezela 'eukuyihlela. Uma kwenzeka unamasistimu amaningana afakiwe kudiski, kulula ukwenza njalo, ngoba sigwema ukuzibandakanya nokuqala kwezinye.

Uma lokhu sekwenziwe, siyavala i- umhleli Ctrl + X, bese siqala kabusha ikhompyutha yethu.

Lapho iqeda ukulayisha isistimu, kufanele sivule izinhlelo esivame ukuziqala kaningi, njengesiphequluli, umphathi weposi, njll., Sinemizuzu emibili ukukwenza. Uma lokhu sekwenzile siqinisekisa ukuthi ifayela le-log selakhiwe.

ls / var / lib / e4rat /

Impendulo kufanele ibe ukuqala.logUma ingakukhombisi lutho, kuzofanela uziphinde lezi zinyathelo.

Manje sibuyela ukuhlela i-grub, kulokhu sikwenza kusuka kusikrini sasekhaya ngokucindezela e, njengoba ngichaza ngenhla. Futhi sengeza ekugcineni komugqa kusuka ngaphambili single, njengokulandelayo:

linux   /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.38-10-generic root=UUID=92f37630-c3b4-476b-a0ab-f4a0d9f4180f ro single

Siyavala bese siqala kabusha, kepha kulokhu sikwenza ngemodi ephephile noma kusuka kulayini we imiyalo. Ngena ngemvume ngegama lethu lomsebenzisi nephasiwedi bese wenza:

sudo e4rat-realloc /var/lib/e4rat/startup.log

Uma lokhu sekwenziwe, i-e4rat iqala ukuhambisa amafayela kudiski yakho, (kungathatha isikhashana), lapho iqeda, siqala kabusha.

sudo shutdown-r now

Ukuze uhlelo luhlale luqala ekuqaleni futhi luhlala noma ngabe sibuyekeza, sihlela i-grub yethu,

sudo nano /etc/default/grub

futhi sibheke i- umugqa:

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"

Sengeza umugqa olandelayo ngaphambili kuthule kuthule,

init=/sbin/e4rat-preload

Ukuhlala ngale ndlela.

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="init=/sbin/e4rat-preload quiet splash"

Sigcina ifayela, siphinde silayishe i-grub:

sudo update-grub

Futhi sesivele sinayo, kusukela manje izinhlelo ezidingekayo zizolayishwa ngokushesha okukhulu.

Ngeminye imininingwane, ungavakashela ikhasi labo sourceforge.

Esikhathini esithile ngizozama futhi uma ngingabuyi, kuzobe kungenxa yokuthi i-hard drive yami izobe isifile 😀


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-13, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   I-elav <° Linux kusho

    Kuyasebenza f ** king !!! Uyabona ukuthi izinhlelo zokusebenza zivula ngokushesha 😀

  2.   Carlos kusho

    Kuhle, ngizozama ku-LMDE ... ngizokutshela ukuthi kuhamba kanjani.

    Ukubingelela

  3.   fredy kusho

    Ngokufanayo, uma ngingabuyi ngokushesha, ngizobuya ngokuhamba kwesikhathi hehe.

    1.    fredy kusho

      Ngemuva kwemizamo eminingana, cha, ayisebenzanga.

      Ngizozama futhi kodwa ngolunye usuku.

      1.    I-elav <° Linux kusho

        Kungisebenzele, neKZKGGaara, ngaphambi kokuphonsa phansi i-Archlinux yakhe nayo hahahaha

        1.    sibongile kusho

          OMG! kwenzekeni kuyo? o_0

          1.    sibongile kusho

            Ehem! ngiyaphinda ngibhala ngivela emsebenzini! ^ _ ^ U
            Ungakholelwa ukuthi ngiye «ohlangothini olumnyama» !!! hehehe

            1.    I-elav <° Linux kusho

              Ngokuvamile, namuhla i-KZKGGaara ivele nge-Windows 7 efakiwe 😀


  4.   U-Erithrym kusho

    Kusebenza njengentelezi! Izinhlelo ziqala ngokushesha okukhulu! Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngezeluleko! 😀

  5.   isihlibhi kusho

    Ngithole ukuthi kunesinyathelo esingeqiwa:

    sudo e4rat-realloc /var/lib/e4rat/startup.log

    Uma lokhu sekwenziwe, i-e4rat iqala ukuhambisa amafayela kudiski yakho, (kungathatha isikhashana), lapho iqeda, siqala kabusha.

    ukuvalwa kwe-sudo-r manje ## LOKUQALA kabusha KUNINGI

    Ukuze uhlelo luhlale luqala ekuqaleni futhi luhlala noma ngabe sibuyekeza, sihlela i-grub yethu,

    Sudo nano / etc / default / grub

  6.   ErunamoJAZZ kusho

    Yebo, ngizamile nje, futhi iqiniso ukuthi ushintsho alulukhulu: /, nokuthi angikaze ngifomathe cishe unyaka.

  7.   Angel de la vega kusho

    Sawubona ntambama, ngilandele izinyathelo eziya encwadini kodwa ayisebenzi, ngisho nefayela le-startup.log alakhiwanga futhi uhlole izinhlelo eziqala futhi i-e4rat ayiqali, ngine-Ubuntu 13.04, iqiniso selivele lingihlanyisa okuthile ... ngingaluthokozela usizo lwakho

  8.   Mario kusho

    Kuhle kakhulu lesi sinyathelo kusuka ekuqaleni ngeminithi eli-1 imizuzwana engama-40 kuye kumasekhondi angama-29 ngqo !!!!!!!!!! Ngiyabonga kakhulu yize bengachazi nakancane kodwa ukuzama ngikwazile ukubonga