Isoftware Emahhala futhi Evulekile: Umthelela Wezobuchwepheshe Ezinhlanganweni

Isoftware Emahhala futhi Evulekile: Umthelela Wezobuchwepheshe Ezinhlanganweni

Isoftware Emahhala futhi Evulekile: Umthelela Wezobuchwepheshe Ezinhlanganweni

Ukusetshenziswa kweFree and Open Software kuyaqhubeka nokukhula, kodwa hhayi kuphela phakathi kwabantu nabantu abanomdlandla, abathandi bezobuchwepheshe, phakathi kwabanye, kepha naphakathi kwezinhlangano zomphakathi nezizimele, kanye naphakathi kwezinhlangano zezemfundo nezesayensi.

Konke lokhu ngezinga elikhulu ngenxa yesidingo esivele njengomkhuba phakathi kwezinhlangano ekwehliseni izindleko emikhiqizweni, emalayisensini nasemsebenzini oqinisekisiwe emikhiqizweni yezentengiselwano, ephathelene nokuvalwa, ngaphezu kokusebenzisa izinzuzo ezintsha zalokho manje okwaziwa ngokuthi yi "Cloud" futhi ngaleyo ndlela bakwazi ukuziphinda baziguqule ngokwabo ngokwamanani.

Izicelo Zamahhala Nezivulekile ZeSoftware nezixazululo

Isingeniso

Namuhla kuyaqondakala ngokucacile lokho Ukusetshenziswa kwezicelo, amasistimu nezixazululo ezisuselwa kwiFree and Open Software kusiza futhi kwehlise izindleko zokufaka nezinqubo ezintsha emhlabeni wezomnotho wedijithali., kanye nokunikela kweMiphakathi Yesoftware Emahhala ngokusebenzisa imisha evulekile kusiza Izinhlangano ukuthi zamukele kalula ushintsho lwedijithali.

Lapho uMphakathi Wamahhala noVulekile usakazeka, wabelana futhi usebenzisana nomunye nomunye, kwakha inethiwekhi yokuhlangenwe nakho, okubaluleke kakhulu nokukhiqiza., Ngokufana nalezo zigaba zeNkathi Ephakathi Yobuntu lapho Amadoda Wokuvuselelwa Kwabiwe abelana ngendalo, okutholakele kwabo, ucwaningo kanye nezinto abazisungulile, okusenza saba uMphakathi onobuntu, odala futhi okhiqizayo.

Ngakho-ke, akuyona imfihlo kunoma ngubani ukuthi namuhla, lokho Isoftware Emahhala nevulekile isiza izinhlangano ukuzulazula futhi ziqhubekele phambili endleleni eya kuguquko lwedijithali, ukuphendula ngendlela esheshayo nephumelelayo ekufuneni okukhulayo nokusheshisayo kwebhizinisi.

Izicelo Zamahhala Nezivulekile ZeSoftware nezixazululo

Okuqukethwe

Ukubaluleka Kwesoftware Emahhala futhi Evulekile Ezinhlanganweni

Izinhlelo nezinhlelo zamaFree and Open Software nezinhlelo zinikela ngokusebenza okudingakalayo, ukuguquguquka kwezimo kanye nokuvikeleka ngezindleko eziphansi ukufeza lokho okubizwa ngoguquko lwedijithali, kucatshangelwa ukuthi isizathu salokhu kungenxa yomehluko omkhulu phakathi kwesiko nefilosofi yeFree and Open Software kanye ne-Private and Closed Software, okungukuthi, kwimodeli yokuthuthukiswa komphakathi, ngoba ngqo kusuka lapho kuvela emisha.

Izinhlangano ezizoba nenani eliphakeme lemakethe namuhla nasesikhathini esizayo kuzoba yilezo "ezinezimpahla zedijithali" ezinhle kakhulu. Lokho wukuthi, izinhlelo ezingcono, amasistimu, namapulatifomu anganikeza impendulo esheshayo nephumelelayo kubathengi babo phakathi kwalesi sikhathi esisheshayo sokukhula nentuthuko kwezentengiselwano nakwezobuchwepheshe, ngaphakathi nangomhlaba, ukuze bathole inzuzo yokuncintisana futhi bafeze impumelelo yenhlangano. .

Ukugxila kuyo yonke Inhlangano yamanje kufanele futhi kufanele kube sezingeni eliphambili kunqubo yokufaka nokwenza ngcono izimpahla zabo zedijithali ukuze zikwazi ukuncintisana kakhulu, nokuhlinzeka ngezinsizakalo ezingaphezulu nezingcono kumakhasimende / kubasebenzisi nakubantu bawo emkhakheni kahulumeni. Lokhu, ngaphezu kwakho konke, ukubhekana nezinguquko ezihlongozwa yilokho okubizwa ngokuthi ukuguqulwa kwedijithali kwezikhathi zamanje.

Isoftware Ekhululekile Kakhulu Neyivulekile Kwezocwaningo Nezemfundo, Ezokuxhumana Ngocingo, Amabhange, Ezempilo kanye Nezimboni Zokuphathwa Komphakathi, inokunikela okuningi maqondana nezixazululo ezinokwethenjelwa, ezishesha futhi eziguqukayo kuzo zonke izinhlobo nosayizi weNhlangano.

Kusalinganiswa izinqubo ezinde zokuqalisa ezingase zivele ngenxa yenguquko yamasiko nezobuchwepheshe ezidinga izinqubo zenguquko yedijithali ngokuya ngoshintsho kusuka ku-Private and Closed Software kuya ku-Free and Open Software.

Izixazululo ezitholakalayo ezisuselwa ku- Isoftware Emahhala neVulekile

Isoftware Emahhala nevulekile ingasetshenziswa ezindaweni eziningi zeNhlangano, esizokhuluma ngayo kuphela ezinye izindawo nezibonelo zokusetshenziswa kanye / noma Izicelo eziwusizo kuzo.

Amaqembu Weseva

  • Imeyili: i-sendmail, i-postfix, i-qmail, i-exim, i-courier, i-zimbra, i-poen-xchanges, i-kolab, i-citadel
  • Ama-ajenda: sogo
  • Web: apa, ngix
  • Amarekhodi: samba
  • I-DHCP: dhcpd
  • I-DNS: bopha
  • I-NFS: nfs-kernel-iseva
  • I-FTP: proftpd, i -ftftpd, i-pureft
  • I-SSH: i-openssh-server
  • I-LDAP: openldap, apacheds, opendj, 389 isiqondisi seseva
  • I-NTP: ntpd
  • Phrinta: izinkomishi
  • Ummeleli: squid, abadanadi
  • I-Firewall: monowalld, endian, pfsense
  • IPS / IDS: snort, meerkat, bro, kismet, ossec, tripwire, samhain, umsizi
  • Isizindalwazi: postgres, marine
  • Ucingo lwe-IP: i-asterisk, i-vitalpbx, i-issabel, i-elastix, i-freepbx
  • Ukuphathwa Kwemibhalo: alfresco, kuvula
  • Ukuphathwa Kwebhizinisi: odoo, opencrm
  • Ukuqapha: i-nagios, i-cacti, i-zenoss, i-zabbix
  • Ukusekelwa: glpi, ost
  • Yokusungula: ukusungulwa kwe-ocs
  • Ukwakha: iphrojekthi yenkungu
  • Insizakalo Yezithunywa: i-gammu, i-gajim, i-jabber,

Izinsiza Zomsebenzisi

Izicelo Zamahhala Nezivulekile ZeSoftware nezixazululo

Isiphetho

Namuhla, njengoba sibona ngemuva kokufunda le ncwadi, kusobala ukuthi Noma iyiphi Inhlangano ingadudula futhi ixhase ngandlela thile ukusebenzisa izinhlelo zamakhompyutha ezibalulekile ngokwazo ngokusebenzisa iFree and Open SoftwareNgamanye amagama, leli qiniso selivele lingokoqobo olusebenzayo.

Njengamanje, kunamaphrojekthi amaningi wesicelo samahhala futhi avulekile wezinhlangano ezincane naphakathi, kufaka phakathi Ukusatshalaliswa kweLinux okubandakanya lonke uhla lwezicelo ezihloselwe umphakathi noma ibhizinisi lomphakathi, lomphakathi noma elizimele.

Imakethe yonke ezungeze isoftware yamahhala nevulekile njengamanje ikhona, Izinhlangano ezizimele (Izinkampani) noma i-Independent (Imiphakathi) enikeza ukusekelwa nentuthuko, ezikwazile ukukhombisa izindaba eziyimpumelelo ezinkampanini ezinkulu nasekuphathweni komphakathi, nokuthi namuhla, lezi zibonelo zokusebenzisa nokusetshenziswa ziyifulegi elibonisa ukuthi isoftware yamahhala nevulekile yinto yangempela.

Ngamafuphi, isoftware yamahhala nevulekile isivumela ukuthi songe izindleko kumalayisense, futhi isebenzise lonke uhla lwama-Information Systems, avame ukusetshenziswa ngaphansi kwamalayisense we-software aphethwe futhi avaliwe.

Konke lokhu kuzakhiwo ezivulekile, okwenza kube lula kubo ukuthi bakwazi ukuzimela ngokuqhubekayo kubakhiqizi futhi ukuvula umnyango wemakethe enkulu kakhulu yabanye abathengisi lapho bangathola khona imikhiqizo nokusekelwa.

Futhi usuku selufikile lapho isoftware yamahhala nevulekile ichithe leyo nkolelo yakudala yokuthi iFree and Open Software yinto ethambekele ekuhlulekeni futhi ingasekelwa.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-2, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   I-Arazal kusho

    I-athikili ethakazelisa kakhulu futhi enembile, njengoba umuntu ebengalindela kusuka ku-Linux Post Install (LPI).

    Ukuze ungaphindi ujule kokuthunyelwe, phawula ukuthi kwisoftware ekahle yamahhala futhi ephathelene nokuthengisa kufanele ihambisane nobuntu njengoba kwenza umuthi (ngikhuluma kabanzi ukuze kungabikho muntu ongichaza kabi) okungukuthi, isisekelo esidingekayo nesibalulekile kumele futhi kufanele ibe semhlabeni wonke futhi ikhululeke bese kuba nenye into ongayikhetha ngokukhokha.

    Ngalesi sibonelo ngifuna ukubona ngeso lengqondo ukuthi uma ufuna ngempela ukukhuthaza ukuthuthukiswa kwesintu ngaphandle kwezibopho, ngeke kwenziwe ngenye indlela (njengoba sekwenziwe kusukela ekuqaleni kwekhompyutha) okungukuthi, isivumelwano esijwayelekile yinkampani eguqula imikhiqizo yayo ivaliwe ngokujwayelekile ngokuba khona yonke indawo ngenxa yezivumelwano zayo nabakhiqizi nohulumeni nezikhungo.

    Njengoba iLinux Post Install ikubeka kahle, okutholakala ngalokhu ukudala izindleko ezithe xaxa, noma zingahle zibe ngaphezulu noma ziphansi, kuze kucatshangwe yibo bonke - ikakhulukazi ngezikhathi ezimnandi - kufaka ukuthembela kuleyo mikhiqizo nemikhiqizo yabo, yingakho Bayakwazi ukubeka izithiyo eziyinkulungwane uma ufuna ukuphuma kuzo. Ngokuphambene nalokho, isimo besizohluka kakhulu, izwe lamahhala lokusebenzisa i-software lapho izikhungo zingazimela khona (ngaleyo ndlela zifeze ukuphepha okwengeziwe nobumfihlo ngoba zingathembela futhi zizinikele zona ngqo), ngale nkampani ayikho inkampani engabamba noma ifune imali kubo. ukuthonya noma yimuphi umbuso ngokuncika okungenzeka ukuthi wakudala nenkampani ethile, kulokhu, i-IT.

    Ngamafuphi, kukho konke okuvezwa yiLinux Post Install, iSoftware yamahhala yilokho okufanele kunikelwe futhi kubonwe yizikhungo, futhi njengoba kungumsebenzisi okhetha futhi abize inketho yobunikazi, futhi angaguquki ubunikazi bube yindinganiso ye-de facto .

  2.   Ukufaka kwe-Linux Post kusho

    Ngiyabonga ngokuphawula kwakho, okugcina isikhathi futhi kugcwalisa okuqukethwe, okungukuthi, ukufunda, ukusetshenziswa nokwenziwa ngobuningi kweFree Software ne-GNU / Linux

    Nayi enye enokuqukethwe okufanayo ngomqondo ofanayo: https://blog.desdelinux.net/aprender-software-libre-gnu-linux-sin-instalar-nada/

i-bool(iqiniso)