Manual: What to do after installing Debian

Debian

Personally I have chosen Debian Testing but it is the same for the stable branch.

First of all, I recommend that you download the Debian Testing iso from http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/release/current-live/ , the most current ones give failure in the installation with some files, for now ..., until they solve it.

If your computer needs a private network wifi drive, you will have to download it, you will need it for the internet connection. The most common are in http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unoff … /firmware/ , inside the file "firmware.tar.gz".

A small trick to install Debian Testing is to do it from a USB-pendrive, for that you need the application "Unetbootin" http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/, with it you copy the debian iso file to the USB-pendrive. Use this manual if you need help http://www.puntogeek.com/2010/04/28/cre … netbootin/

Later you copy the file "firmware.tar.gz", downloaded earlier, on the USB-stick where debian has been copied and unzip it.

And now, you can start on the computer where you want to install debian with the USB-pendrive.

There are many extensive guides on installing debian stable or testing, you can try these, which are quite clear:
http://unbrutocondebian.blogspot.com.es … orpes.html
http://www.linuxnoveles.com/2012/instal … ion-manual
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/20 … ze-60.html
http://www.taringa.net/posts/linux/9247 … -paso.html
http://www.esdebian.org/wiki/instalacion
http://www.debian.org/releases/stable/installmanual
Installing Debian Squeeze with encrypted partitions
http://perezmeyer.blogspot.com.es/2011/ … e-con.html

Once the installation is finished and after restarting the computer you have a fairly simple and somewhat ugly debian. I use Gnome as a graphical environment and I don't like some things so I started to modify something to be more comfortable.

In the first place I had internet but the information does not appear in the notification area.

Open terminal and enter as root to modify the file "/ etc / network / interfaces" adding "#" in front of all the lines.

$ su 
# nano /etc/network/interfaces

We will see more or less this than giving in this way;

# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system 
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5). 
# The loopback network interface 
#auto lo #iface lo inet loopback 
# The primary network interface 
#allow-hotplug eth0 
#NetworkManager
#iface eth0 inet dhcp

Now we save with Ctrl + o and then we exit Ctrl + x

We restart the network with the command

# /etc/init.d/networking restart

You log out and come back but if you still don't see it, you restart the computer and you will see that you can configure the Wi-Fi network from the notification area.

To configure the debian repositories file from root terminal with "su" command from terminal:

$ su 
# nano /etc/apt/sources.list

We edit the previous lines with "#" in front and below we copy the text

## Debian Testing deb http://ftp.de.debian.org/debian testing main contrib non-free 
deb-src http://ftp.de.debian.org/debian testing main contrib non-free 
## Debian Security 
deb http://security.debian.org/ testing/updates main contrib non-free 
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ testing/updates main 
## Debian Multimedia 
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org testing main non-free 
deb-src http://www.deb-multimedia.org testing main non-free 

We update with the command

# apt-get update 
# apt-get install deb-multimedia-keyring && apt-get update

And now we save with Ctrl + o and then we exit Ctrl + x

If we use Debian Stable we only change where it says "testing" to "stable" and let's not forget that we are using the versions of the current cycle marked as testing or stable. If the developers change the cycle passing the version from testing to stable, in the testing branch you do not have too much incidence if you follow updates with relative frequency (you always stay in the "testing" branch) but in the stable branch "stable" you will have problems because there are too many differences between the old stable and the new one.

Careful with this! To avoid this, the name of the version "squeeze" for the current stable and "wheezy" for the current testing is usually put.
The autologin (automatic user input) is quite comfortable but I could not configure it from user accounts in System Configuration. So I had to do it from the root terminal by editing the file "/etc/gdm3/daemon.conf":

# nano /etc/gdm3/daemon.conf

Find the values ​​and replace it with
"AutomaticLoginEnable = true" and "AutomaticLogin = your_user_name" without "#" in front

Example:

# GDM configuration storage 
# 
# See /usr/share/gdm/gdm.schemas for a list of available options. 
[daemon] 
AutomaticLoginEnable=true 
AutomaticLogin= nombre_de_tu_usuario 
[security] 
[xdmcp] 
[greeter] 
[chooser] 
[debug]

We save with Ctrl + o and then we exit Ctrl + x

We reboot system

If you have enough Ram, you can make less use of the swap and that there is a greater tendency to use the ram, which is much faster, we edit as superuser:

# nano /etc/sysctl.conf 

At the end of the file we add the following line

vm.swappiness=10

We install some packages and programs:

Many distributions come by default with "sudo" for tasks that require root permissions, but in Debian Testing it does not come by default.
If we want to use it, from the superuser terminal we write:

# apt-get install sudo 

We add the user or users to the sudo group

# gpasswd -a tu_usuario sudo 

We reboot system

If you have problems with sudo because of its configuration you can do it this other way.
We modify the sudo configuration file with the nano editor

# nano /etc/sudoers 

Below these lines we add our user

# User privilege specification 
root ALL=(ALL) ALL 
tu_usuario ALL=(ALL) ALL 

Save the changes and restart the system.
…………………….
Another more elegant way is to create a group called sudo

# groupadd sudo 

We add the user or users to the sudo group

# gpasswd -a tu_usuario sudo 

We modify the sudo configuration file

# nano /etc/sudoers 

Below the lines we add the group sudo

# User privilege specification 
root ALL=(ALL) ALL 
%sudo ALL=(ALL) ALL 

Save and reboot system.

Improve some load performance at system startup

$ sudo apt-get install preload 

We will remove exim4 and evolution that are installed by default:

$ sudo apt-get remove --purge exim4 exim4-base exim4-config exim4-daemon-light 
$ sudo apt-get remove --purge evolution

Be careful, don't try to uninstall Empathy or Totem in this way because it will try to uninstall gnome-core (the gnome desktop package with necessary programs and libraries)

We remove gnash (like flashplayer but free)

$ sudo apt-get remove --purge gnash gnash-common 
$ sudo apt-get autoremove

Program that allows you to enable and disable services / daemons that run on the system and with a graphical interface.

$ sudo apt-get install bum

 

To use the graphical interface to create groups and users, you must install an application that is not installed by default.

$ sudo apt-get install gnome-system-tools

To activate themes and icons, we installed a gnome-tweak-tool

$ sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool

Install some decompression and file-roller formats (compression format manager)

$ sudo apt-get install file-roller p7zip-full p7zip-rar rar unrar zip unzip unace bzip2 arj lha lzip 

Install improvements in nautilus

$ sudo apt-get install nautilus-gtkhash nautilus-open-terminal 

Install flashplayer (by gnash) and if you need it openjdk-6 (java)

$ sudo apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree 
$ sudo apt-get install icedtea-6-plugin openjdk-6-jre 

Install gconf-editor (gnome option editor)

$ sudo apt-get install gconf-editor

Multimedia codecs

For i386

$ sudo apt-get install w32codecs libdvdcss2 xine-plugin ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-plugins-good gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-really-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg 

For amd64

$ sudo apt-get install w64codecs libdvdcss2 xine-plugin ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-plugins-good gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-really-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg 

Install brazier-cdrkit (add-on for brazier)

$ sudo apt-get install brasero-cdrkit

Just install the necessary programs or the ones you want, I like a desktop that is the most complete even if it has several that do the same.

We installed Icedove because we uninstalled evolution (thunderbird copy mail client)

$ sudo apt-get install icedove

We install Iceweasel (browser copy of firefox)

$ sudo apt-get install iceweasel

Install gedit and synaptic (text editor and package manager "deb")

$ sudo apt-get install gedit synaptic 

Install gdebi gthumb inkscape and parcellite (deb package installer, image viewer, vector graphics editor and clipboard manager)

$ sudo apt-get install gdebi gthumb inkscape parcellite

Install vlc browser-plugin-vlc soundconverter (media player and audio format converter)

$ sudo apt-get install vlc browser-plugin-vlc soundconverter

Install gnome-player (another media player)

$ sudo apt-get install gnome-player

Install turpial audacious bleachbit transmission audacity clementine acetoneiso
(Twitter client, audio player, delete browsing data and temporary files, BitTorrent client, audio editor, simple and light music player, mount ISO images)

$ sudo apt-get install turpial audacious bleachbit transmission audacity clementine acetoneiso

Install catfish hardinfo gufw (file browser, see information about your system hardware, graphical interface for firewall administration with ufw)

$ sudo apt-get install catfish hardinfo gufw 

Install windows fonts

$ sudo apt-get install ttf-mscorefonts-installer 
$ sudo fc-cache -fv

Advanced file recovery and partition manipulation tools

$ sudo apt-get install testdisk foremost autopsy gparted

Installation of basic libraries to compile and wizard for modules

$ sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev build-essential module-assistant

Installation of temperature sensors

$ sudo apt-get install lm-sensors hddtemp

lm-sensors installs the driver for the motherboard sensors and hddtemp for the hard disk.

During the installation of hddtemp, it will ask us if we want to run the hddtemp daemon at system startup, we choose YES, and leave the other default values
We execute the detection of system sensors

$ sudo sensors-detect 

By doing this, we will be asked several questions, we all have to answer YES.
We restart the system and we will have the sensors installed and configured.

Installation of wine-unstable, it is the last packaged version, it is the one that I use and install without problems.

From this link you download the packages corresponding to your 32-bit or 64-bit version

http://dev.carbon-project.org/debian/wine-unstable/
You copy the downloaded packages to a folder with the name you want for example "wine-unstable", inside this you open a terminal and copies.

$ sudo dpkg -i *.deb && sudo apt-get -f install

If the installation fails for a library you can find it at

http://packages.debian.org/experimental/wine

If you don't want to install experimental wine use the one from the official repositories

$ sudo apt-get install wine

Create launchers on desktop
First we have to have gnome-tweak-tool installed in Gnome Shell and then we install gnome-panel

$ sudo apt-get install --no-install-recommends gnome-panel 

Now we are going to create a new launcher by executing the following command from the terminal on the desktop:

$ gnome-desktop-item-edit ~/Escritorio/ --create-new

Easy ... Nooo?

Linux trash on NTFS partitions
Normally when you delete a file / folder from a disk / partition in Windows NTFS format it does not go to the trash, it is permanently deleted.
There is a trick so that it goes to the trash of our user, modifying the file “/ etc / fstab”.
First we open terminal and obtain the id of our user

$ id nuestro_usuario 

We check and see that the rule is uid = 1000 (user) gid = 1000 (user) ...
Then we edit the / etc / fstab file

$ sudo gedit /etc/fstab 

We add the parameters ", uid = 1000, gid = 1000" in the disks with the string ntfs-3g
Save and reboot system.
Example:

/dev/sda1 /media/windows ntfs-3g defaults,uid=1000,gid=1000 0 0 

Caution: Before touching the / etc / fstab file, make a copy of the original in the home / user folder in case it fails after the restart. This is how you recover it with a live cd.

Possible solution to pulseaudio on Debian
Sometimes pulseaudio may crash.
I found a simple solution but it must be said that it does not solve the fact that the sound card works, it is only the initial configuration of the pulseaudio service.
From the terminal

$ sudo gedit /etc/asound.conf 

We add the text:

pcm.pulse { 
type pulse 
} 
ctl.pulse { 
type pulse 
} 
pcm.!default {
type pulse 
} 
ctl.!default {
type pulse 
} 
Save and reboot system

In case you need it you can reinstall pulseaudio

Share folders from nautilus, as a guest and without password.
First we install the packages

$ sudo apt-get samba nautilus-share 

And then we reboot system
Once "samba" is installed and the system has started, the following error can occur when sharing folders from nautilus:

The "network share" returned error 255: net usershare: cannot open usershare directory / var / lib / samba / usershares. Error Permission Denied You do not have permission to create a usershare. Ask your administrator to grant you permissions to create a share.

In debian I fixed it by adding my username "to group sambashare"
sudo adduser our_user sambashare
Then to activate the guest access box when sharing folder, modifying the samba configuration file:

$ sudo gedit /etc/samba/smb.conf 

Add after [global]

[global] 
usershare allow guests = yes 
security = share 

And to finish we restart the «samba» service

$ sudo /etc/init.d/samba restart

With this we have the possibility of sharing the folders that we want from nautilus, as a guest and without a password.

RAM-disk to optimize Firefox
What we are going to do is put the firefox cache in a ramdisk
We create the folder named .RAM in your / home / username
We put a point in front to make it a hidden folder
First, in firefox we write in the address bar "about: config"
Second we accept the warning and in the filter we put "browser.cache"
Third with the right button, New / String, and we write:
"Browser.cache.disk.parent_directory" and assign it the string "/home/username/.RAM"
I remember you, always without the quotes and username = your username
And finally, edit the / etc / fstab file

# nano /etc/fstab

And you add the text at the end

tmpfs /home/nombre_usuario/.RAM tmpfs defaults 0 0 

Save file and reboot system.

Fix blurry fonts in Firefox (Anti-aliasing issues)
1- From the menu:
In System Tools-Preferences-advanced settings-Fonts:
Hinting = Full
anti-aliasing = Rgba
2- Open terminal and write:

$ sudo rm /etc/fonts/conf.d/10* 
$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure fontconfig 
$ sudo fc-cache -fv

3- Restart user if necessary.
Run portable 32-bit programs on debian and 64-bit derivatives
Installing packages

$ sudo apt-get install ia32-libs ia32-libs-gtk

Downloading a necessary package, it is from Ubuntu but no problem. It is because of the version with which the programs have been compiled that you can find here http://portablelinuxapps.org/

$ cd /tmp 
$ wget http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/f/fuse/libfuse2_2.8.1-1.1ubuntu2_i386.deb 

Extracting and copying folders

$ dpkg --extract libfuse2_2.8.1-1.1ubuntu2_i386.deb libfuse 
$ sudo chown root:root libfuse/lib/lib* 
$ sudo mv libfuse/lib/lib* /lib32/ 
$ rm -r libfuse 

Then we add our_user to the fuse group

$ sudo adduser nuestro_usuario fuse 

And we reboot system

ATI, INTEL and NVIDA drivers
Here I will be brief ..., hehehe; better, read the links.
http://www.esdebian.org/wiki/graficas-ati
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/20 … in-3d.html
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/20 … racin.html
http://www.esdebian.org/wiki/drivers-nv … -assistant
http://usuariodebian.blogspot.com.es/20 … in-3d.html
Changing GDM3 for MDM

GDM3 is the gnome access manager (the home screen where it asks you for username and password to enter the system), but I don't like it and I prefer something more similar to the previous GDM.
MDM is the Linux Mint Debian access manager that is much more configurable, with theme support and with new options on the login screen.
Download the packages mdm mint-mdm-themes
http://packages.linuxmint.com/list.php? … ebian#main

You install it with gdebi from nautilus. Gdebi may ask you for the library "libdmx1" and we accept. During the installation it will ask us which manager we want to activate among those that we have installed and it will continue with the process. When finished, we restart and we will have the new login screen.
Now we can configure it to our liking with the input window tool from the menu-system tools-administration.
To switch between different managers, we just have to type in a terminal:

# sudo dpkg-reconfigure mdm 

If you get a failure in the installation of "mdm" you have to first uninstall "gdm3" and then try the installation of "mdm" again before restarting.
Under no circumstances DO NOT REBOOT without first having installed a “gdm3” or “mdm” access manager.
Change the appearance of Gnome 3 (Gnome Shell) to customize it to your liking

The first thing is to make a backup of the current theme, this is done by writing on the console:

# sudo nautilus /usr/share/gnome-shell 

Which will open the Nautilus manager in the / usr / share / gnome-shell directory, which is where you will always find everything regarding the Gnome 3 settings for your user account.
You will see that there is a folder called theme, where the default theme is located, this folder copy it and paste it in a safe place.

Now search the web for themes for Gnome Shell, Gnome 3 or GTK3 (all are alternative names for the same thing) in Deviantart you can find several very attractive visually, if not, a simple search in Google will take you to different themes. Choose the one you want to install and download it to your computer.
Then proceed to unzip the theme file to any directory. You will see that inside the main folder of the theme there is another folder called gnome-shell, rename it to "theme".
Reopen Nautilus with administrator permissions in the directory where the downloaded theme is located, and click to copy to the "theme" folder (the one you just renamed). Then go back to / usr / share / gnome-shell and paste it, if it asks you to replace say yes.

Head back to the terminal and type:

$ pkill gnome-shell 

In this way the new theme is active.

To install icons in Gnome 3
Installing icons in Gnome 3 is very easy through a program called: Gnome-tweak-tool. To install it, once you have a theme downloaded from the web and unzipped, go to the terminal and type:

# sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool 

Then, go to the themes folder using:

# sudo nautilus /usr/share/icons 

Open a new tab with ctrl + t, in which you will go to the folder where you have unzipped the icon theme, click on copy and then paste in the other tab (the system icons).
Now open gnome-tweak-tool and go to the Interface tab, from where you can choose the new theme for the icons.
You already have your personalized desktop to your liking.
In summary, the interesting routes are the following:
usr / share / icons …… This is the path for the icons
usr / share / themes …… This is the path for the themes

Updates: 2013

Install Cryptkeeper
Cryptkeeper is an application used to encrypt the directories that the user wants.

$ sudo apt-get install cryptkeeper 

Source:
https://blog.desdelinux.net/cryptkeeper- … ersonales/

Install Java 7 from repositories
It is valid for debian 7
The folks at Webupd8 offer us a PPA repository designed so that it can work with Debian and we can install Oracle Java 7 (JDK7), which is possible because Java is not really in the repository, but the installer is in it.
The process to install JDK7 begins by adding the repository to our /etc/apt/sources.list. For example, we can edit it as root with gedit

 $ gksudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list 

We have to add the following two lines

deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu precise main
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu precise main

We save the changes, and now we are going to install the public keys of this new repository and update the information of the repositories.

 $ sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys EEA14886 
 $ sudo apt-get update 

And now we can launch the installation

 $ sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer 

And we already have Java in its most recent version
Source: http://unbrutocondebian.blogspot.com.es … orios.html

Install firefox 18 on debian
Download from:
http://download.cdn.mozilla.net/pub/moz … .0.tar.bz2
Once downloaded, we enter the console and locate where the downloaded file is and unzip it.

$ tar -xjvf /home/usuario/Descargas/firefox-18.0.tar.bz2 

In case we have Firefox installed, we must uninstall it from root, with some of these commands.

# aptitude remove firefox 
# aptitude purge firefox 
# rm -R /opt/firefox/ 

We write back to the console as root:

# mv /home/usuario/Descargas/firefox /opt/ 

We create a shortcut. We write in the console as root:

# ln -s /opt/firefox/firefox /usr/bin/firefox 

Now we can use Mozilla Firefox 18

source: http://proyectosbeta.net/2012/11/instal … n-squeeze/

Install Virtualbox 4.2 in testing

We add the repositories as root:

# nano /etc/apt/sources.list 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian wheezy contrib

According to our distribution we choose….

deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian precise contrib 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian oneiric contrib 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian natty contrib 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian maverick contrib non-free 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian lucid contrib non-free 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian karmic contrib non-free 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian hardy contrib non-free 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian wheezy contrib 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian squeeze contrib non-free 
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian lenny contrib non-free

We add security key

$ wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add - 
$ sudo apt-get update

We install the package "libssl0.9.8" if necessary.
http://packages.debian.org/search?suite … ibssl0.9.8

We install virtualbox

$ sudo apt-get install dkms virtualbox-4.2

In order to use the USB devices in the virtual machine we have to install the expansion pack according to version and distribution
Link of all versions
http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/

The stable versions of virtualbox and the extension as of today
https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads


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  1.   fredy said

    Great guide.

  2.   dhunter said

    Use the beta4 that is most up to date: http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/wheezy_di_beta4

    1.    Oscar said

      Does the image that you recommend has no errors?

      1.    dhunter said

        I think that if you have an error, use the alpha as the article says, I always thought it was my fault for not putting the firmware right.

    2.    chuki7 said

      If it's "MEA GUILTY" for not checking it out sooner.

  3.   dhunter said

    Some network optimizations for sysctl.conf:

    net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
    net.ipv4.tcp_no_metrics_save = 1
    net.ipv4.tcp_rfc1337 = 1
    net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
    net.ipv4.tcp_workaround_signed_windows = 1
    net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
    net.ipv4.tcp_fack = 1
    net.ipv4.tcp_low_latency = 1
    net.ipv4.ip_no_pmtu_disc = 0
    net.ipv4.tcp_mtu_probing = 1
    net.ipv4.tcp_frto = 2
    net.ipv4.tcp_frto_response = 2
    net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control = illinois

    To boot install readahead-fedora.

    In fstab add "noatime, barrier = 0" on ext3 / 4 partitions to optimize performance.

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara said

      And what would this do?

      1.    dhunter said

        Well that tunes the network parameters for desktop, the default parameters are more for server.

  4.   dhunter said

    Excuse the while true of posts, a question: Where exactly do you unzip the firmware.tgz? It always gives me an error, I need it for a Realtek ethernet.

  5.   msx said

    Debian sucks [0] but your guide is excellent, two enthusiastic thumbs up!

    [0] Sorry for the trolling, it's my duty every time I see something related to Debian 😀

    1.    dhunter said

      What distro do you use @msx?

      1.    diazepan said

        He uses arch

        1.    msx said

          Since you are and as "stick" for elevation you should have answered "Garch" xD

  6.   Christopher castro said

    This is not a guide on what to do after installing debian, this is more than this, it is a distro of its own.

  7.   mikaoP said

    Very good guide, I had read it in the forum and it is very interesting.
    Thank you very much, maybe in a virtualbox I try some of your tips 😀

  8.   cooper15 said

    Interesting, very good contribution compa, something never falls badly about debian.

  9.   elendilnarsil said

    ahahahah !!! Debian, my old acquaintance. From time to time I miss its stability and its problems, hehe !!

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara said

      Their problems??

      1.    elendilnarsil said

        Greetings KZKG, I always had problems setting up the wifi (Broadcom 4312), and I remember once spending three days trying to solve it until I got bored. Outside of that, I was looking for problems, because by trying things out, I broke something. That if, I clarify, did not say it thinking that Debian was a problem or was full of them. In my opinion, it is still the most stable distro that exists.

        1.    elendilnarsil said

          Besides, to add that Debian was the distro through which I learned a lot about Linux, and without being an expert, I owe it a lot of what I know.

  10.   elendilnarsil said

    great manual !!! Excellent!

  11.   scraf23 said

    Debian, my 2nd favorite distro after Arch, good guide

  12.   Nico said

    Hello, how are you, I really like the style of this blog, what theme are you using?
    Salu2

    1.    KZKG ^ Gaara said

      Thank you
      We don't actually use any normal theme, we fully develop this theme that you are seeing: Link1 & Link2
      We will also make several changes for the next version, when we release this other we will make public the code of the previous theme (that is, of this one that you are seeing): Link

  13.   Juan Carlos said

    Very good guide, I keep it in case I ever decide to install it.

    regards

    PS: Then they say that Fedora is complicated!

  14.   Platonov said

    Thank you very much for the contribution, very complete and very interesting.

  15.   Stif said

    Excellent contribution!

  16.   pato said

    EXCELLENT!!!

    you ordered the information salad that I had written down to install Debian.

    thanks friend ..

  17.   tammuz said

    very good tutorial !!

  18.   Gabriel said

    Excellent.

  19.   Warper said

    There are parts to update. ia32-libs no longer exists as a package. Now the 32-bit libraries in a 64-bit environment are installed independently, it no longer makes all the libraries install

    1.    chuki7 said

      I left it in case someone who kept a stable version prior to the current test needed it.

  20.   Warper said

    For the rest, a great tutorial (sorry, I missed the Enter)

  21.   shattered said

    Great companion guide. I, who am still in diapers with Debian, something like this is great.

    Thank you.

  22.   Lithos523 said

    Great tutorial. With this, the one who says that he does not dare to install Debian is because he wants to.

    And to top it off you mention my blog twice
    An honor and a pleasure! Thank you!

  23.   Yoyo Fernandez said

    Excellent job, yes sir, especially when I see myself among the mentioned blogs 😛

  24.   rockandroleo said

    Good tutorial. The only but that I put is the title of the entry, because it should be something like "What to do after installing Debian (with Gnome environment)", because clearly much of what is indicated does not apply but to that desktop nothing else.
    Greetings.

    1.    chuki7 said

      Look here http://buzon.en.eresmas.com/
      This link was in the manual, so as not to repeat many concepts about the KDE desktop, I put it. They are also very well explained.
      And how you will check in the other links there are also many and complete explanations of debian.

  25.   The crazy said

    Thanks for a good guide well explained for us slow ones

  26.   nonamed said

    The exact release date of wheezy as stable is not yet known?

    1.    dhunter said

      When this number is 0, wheezy is released.

      http://udd.debian.org/bugs.cgi?release=wheezy&merged=ign&rc=1

  27.   Richard said

    I have a problem regarding Wheezy and I don't know if it happens to someone else ... the first one is that I can't save any settings in GNOME 3 I get this message GLib-GIO-Message: Using the 'memory' GSettings backend. Your settings will not be saved or shared with other applications.

    the other is a problem in locale where the keyboard is deconfigured and I change to English and every once in a while I must use setxkbmap latam so that it returns to normal

    my blog: http://www.blogmachinarium021.tk/

  28.   Oberost said

    I have read in some Yankee blog that they are going to go until the end of April - the beginning of May

  29.   Enrrique said

    For normal people who enjoy an operating system: Ubuntu
    For nerds and antisocials: Debian
    : )

    1.    Rodolfo said

      For the most curious I invite you to try BSD (FreeBSD, NetBSD and OpenBSD)

  30.   dhunter said

    A question about samba, before I shared a shared folder in my home and what I did was create links to what I wanted to share inside, for some samba versions I have disabled this for security, you have to go to smb.conf and put wide_links = enable or something like that but I've dealt with everything and nothing.
    Any solution?

  31.   Manuel R said

    Your guide is excellent, thank you very much, he has been a great help to me.

  32.   Victor said

    Very good friend, one of the best I have seen.

    just a problem when I try to install mdm it tells me that it conflicts with gdm3 but if I try to uninstall gdm3 it will uninstall gnome?
    that I can do?

    1.    chuki7 said

      It doesn't uninstall Gnome, just that it's more configurable than gdm3.

  33.   geek said

    Hahahaha got together several debianeros bloggers to celebrate XD.

    Excellent.

  34.   Cops said

    Excellent contribution friend…. Great

  35.   Liher said

    Excellent article, just great, it will come in handy, because I want to change the main distro from Ubuntu to Debian. Thanks a lot

  36.   mcplatano said

    Excellent article, it helped me a couple of times and I learned a few things to optimize the system, greetings!

  37.   Dante Mdz. said

    I have Manjaro Linux installed on a laptop and it works fine. My desktop computer had Windows, but the damn thing is failing a lot, after backing up all my information I am thinking of installing a GNU / Linux Distribution, but I have not decided yet if for Debian or Fedora. This is why I am going through every possible Linux dedicated site and get an idea. Greetings from a LiveCD.

  38.   m4rionet4 said

    The repositories did not work for me, I got errors ... the key did not work the same muxas thanks C:

  39.   matias said

    Hi. I think this can very well complement the steps after installing Debian Wheezy (also for those asking about firefox):
    http://www.oqtubre.net/diez-consejos-despues-de-instalar-debian-wheezy-7/

  40.   Maty said

    Great guide

  41.   Joselo said

    Hello, first time I write here, but I have been reading your blog for a long time, until recently after a couple of years of using X distro, which I honestly do not complain despite the occasional failure, it worked well for me, I finally decided to give The jump to Debian I have almost finished it, I did a lot of the tutorial, everything working except for the network icon that does not appear, and the most curious thing that although it is not mentioned in the post, it may happen to someone else who is integrate new users, and the question is that the computer does not turn off, restart ... I have a desktop hp dc7700, I have spent a long time searching and there is not much, if you can give me an idea I would be very grateful. Greetings and keep going

  42.   Diego said

    Hello, good night, I'm from Argentina; I am new to Linux and I have currently installed debian 7 (very stable truth) but I have two problems that I need help to solve:

    1- I would like to change the gnome environment if possible because I don't like it, and I don't know how to do it. Or at least tell them how to install an application that allows me to modify folders such as changing the horrible gray color it has. I already tried to download the folder color application but it did not install me from the terminal. It tells me that it cannot locate the package, etc. (I have seen that a friend has Kubuntu installed and for example he can change the color of folders, make them transparent, in short, many things)

    2- I can't see facebook videos that they send me because it tells me that I have to download Adobe Flash Player; I want to know which version I should download for linux debian 7 and how to install it. I have the firefox browser installed.

    I know this for someone with experience in this operating system is insignificant but for someone like me who is just starting out, the info would be very good.

    Best regards, the blog is very good.

  43.   David said

    Excellent very complete guide indeed. I am testing GNU / Linux Debian Jessie and it works very well on my laptop.

  44.   ­ said

    Thank you .. It was perfect for Siduction: 3

  45.   leo said

    hello I hope you are very well =).

    I am new to gnu / linux, I used windows before until I tried but there are consas that even when I read I lose xD, if you can explain me better where exactly I extract the wifi firmware, thank you men for the dedication =)

  46.   Avrah said

    Very good article, I would add some things but very good.

    You have to correct this part:

    sudo apt-get samba nautilus-share

    the "install" is missing.

    Regards!