I-Steamcompmgr, iStumpWM, iSwekile, i-SwayWM kunye ne-TWM: I-5 yeeWMs ezizezinye zeLinux

I-Steamcompmgr, iStumpWM, iSwekile, i-SwayWM kunye ne-TWM: I-5 yeeWMs ezizezinye zeLinux

I-Steamcompmgr, iStumpWM, iSwekile, i-SwayWM kunye ne-TWM: I-5 yeeWMs ezizezinye zeLinux

Namhlanje siqhubeka nesethu iposi yesibhozo malunga Abaphathi bewindows (Abaphathi beWindows-WM, ngesiNgesi), apho siza kuthi siphonononge oku kulandelayo 5, kuluhlu lwethu lwe 50 kuxoxwe ngaphambili.

Ngale ndlela, ukuqhubeka nokwazi izinto ezibalulekileyo kubo, ezinje, ngaba zinjalo okanye akunjalo iiprojekthi ezisebenzayo, que Uhlobo lweWM zizo, zezabo iimpawu eziphambili, kwaye zifakwa njani, phakathi kwezinye izinto.

Abaphathi beWindows: Umxholo

Kuya kufuneka ukhumbule ukuba uluhlu olupheleleyo lwabaphathi bee Window ezizimeleyo nabaxhomekeke kuwe a Imeko-bume yeDesktop Ngokukodwa, ifunyenwe kule post inxulumene nayo:

Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Abaphathi beewindows: Ujongano loMsebenzisi weGrafiki yeGNU / Linux

Kwaye ukuba ufuna ukufunda eyethu Izithuba zangaphambili ezinxulumene noko Xa i-WM yangaphambili ihlaziyiwe, oku kulandelayo kunokucofa amakhonkco:

  1. 2BWM, 9WM, AEWM, Afterstep kunye neyoyikekayo
  2. IBerryWM, iBlackbox, iBSPWM, iByobu kunye neCompiz
  3. I-CWM, i-DWM, ukhanyiso, i-EvilWM kunye ne-EXWM
  4. I-Fluxbox, i-FLWM, i-FVWM, iHaze kunye neHerbstluftwm
  5. I3WM, IceWM, Ion, JWM kunye neMatchBox
  6. I-Metisse, i-Musca, i-MWM, i-OpenBox kunye ne-PekWM
  7. I-PlayWM, iQtile, iRatpoison, iSawfish kunye neSpectrwm

Isibhengezo: Ndiyayithanda iSoftware yasimahla

5 ezinye iiWM zeLinux

Umphunga

Inkcazo

Ngokwewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

Umphathi we Window kunye nokwakheka okwenziweyo ukungena ngokungagqibekanga (iseshoni yeesistim) kwiDistro GNU / Linux SteamOS, ethi yona, yenzelwe ngokukodwa iiSteam Machines / Steamboxes".

Izixhobo

  • Iprojekthi engasebenziyoUmsebenzi wokugqibela ofunyenwe ngaphezulu kweminyaka esi-4 eyadlulayo.
  • Uhlobo: Ukudibanisa.
  • Iyaqhutywa Unxibelelwano olwanelisayo kunye nomncedisi we-X, kunye nomsebenzisi weSteam.
  • Isebenze njengoMphathi we Window kunye noMqambi ngaxeshanye xa imidlalo ibiqhutywa, ngelixa lonke ixesha ibisebenzisana ne "gnome-session" kunye ne "gnome3" ukulungiselela amava omsebenzisi amahle.
  • Ijolise ekusebenzeni kancinci kangangoko, ukugcina usetyenziso lweSteam, nangokongeza, umdlalo ngokwawo, ngaphambili ngokupheleleyo kunye neziko.

Ukufakwa

Ukufakwa kwayo kunye nokusetyenziswa kunokwenziwa kuphela kwi SteamOS ngaphakathi kwe SOomatshini beqela / iiSteamboxes, ethi ekugqibeleni ingabinampumelelo kwintengiso. Nangona kunjalo, ngolwazi oluthe kratya kwi SteamOS ungacofa oku kulandelayo unxibelelwano.

IstumpWM

Inkcazo

Ngokwewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"OKANYEn Umphathi wefestile weX11 wohlobo lweTiling, olulawulwa yibhodi yezitshixo kwaye ibhalwe ngokupheleleyo kulwimi oluqhelekileyo lweLisp".

Izixhobo

  • Iprojekthi esebenzayoUmsebenzi wokugqibela ubhaqwe ngaphantsi kwenyanga ephelileyo.
  • Uhlobo: Tiling.
  • IZama ukwenza ngokwezifiso kodwa ungaboni kakuhle. Ke ngoko, ayinayo imihlobiso kwiifestile, kodwa inamagwegwe aliqela okuseta ubuqhetseba bakho, kunye nezinto eziguquguqukayo ukulungisa oko ukufunayo.
  • Kuxhomekeke ngokupheleleyo kwikhibhodi yokungena kwedatha. Kananjalo ayinamaqhosha, ii icon, iibhloko zetayitile, iibar zesixhobo, okanye nayiphi na enye iwijethi yesiqhelo ye-GUI.
  • Uyilo lwayo olusekwe eLisp lubonisa ukwanda kokuthandwa kwee-WM njengezinto ezinemveliso kunye nezenziwayo.

Ukufakwa

Olu hlaziyo lwe-WM luhlala lufumaneka kwiindawo ezininzi zokugcina ezahlukeneyo I-GNU / Linux Distros, phantsi kwegama lika iphakheji "stumpwm"Ke ngoko, kuxhomekeke kumphathi wephakheji osetyenzisiweyo, umzobo okanye itheminali, inokufakwa ngokulula. Ulwazi oluthe kratya malunga nale WM lunokufunyanwa kwezi zilandelayo unxibelelwano okanye le enye unxibelelwano.

iswekile

Inkcazo

Ngokwewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

“Umphathi wefestile oyinxalenye (yecandelo) leMeko-bume yeDesktop enegama elifanayo, eyenziweyo phantsi komzamo omanyeneyo wehlabathi lonke ukunika bonke abantwana ithuba elifanayo lokufumana imfundo esemgangathweni. Ngapha koko, iyafumaneka ngaphezulu kweelwimi ezingamashumi amabini anesihlanu, kwaye imisebenzi yayo ehlanganisiweyo isetyenziswa yonke imihla ezikolweni ngabantwana abavela kumazwe angaphezu kwamashumi amane.".

Izixhobo

  • Iprojekthi esebenzayo: Umsebenzi wokugqibela ufunyenwe kancinane kwinyanga ephelileyo.
  • Uhlobo: Ukuzimela.
  • Njengenxalenye ebalulekileyo yeprojekthi iqonga lokufunda elibuyisela indlela iikhompyuter ezisetyenziselwa ngayo imfundo, ukukhuthaza kunye nokukhuthaza intsebenziswano, ukubonakalisa kunye nokufumanisa ngendlela ebanzi ngokuthe ngqo kunxibelelwano lomsebenzisi.
  • Ikhuthaza 'ukucinga ngokufunda' kunye 'nokuziqhelanisa nokubonakalisa', ngenxa yokucaca koyilo (umzobo / ukubonwa) okunikwa abantwana nootitshala, kubavumela ukuba baphinde benze, baphinde baphinde basebenzise zombini isoftware. njengomxholo kwimisebenzi yokufunda enamandla.
  • Indlela yeswekile yokwabelana, ukugxeka kunye nokuhlola isekwe kwinkcubeko yesoftware yasimahla (i-FLOSS).
  • Ihlala ithathwa njenge-DE kune-WM, kuba ujongano lomzobo luhlala lubonwa njengentsingiselo eyahlukileyo kumba we "Desktop" kwikhompyuter, kuba ithathwa njengelinge lokuqala elinzima lokwenza ujongano lomsebenzisi esekwe kulwazi nakwintlalo- abafundi kufuneka bazibandakanye kuphononongo nakwintsebenziswano.

Ukufakwa

Olu hlaziyo lwe-WM luhlala lufumaneka kwiindawo ezininzi zokugcina ezahlukeneyo I-GNU / Linux Distros, phantsi kwegama lika package "python-sugar", "python-sugar3" kunye "sucrose"Ke ngoko, kuxhomekeke kumphathi wephakheji osetyenzisiweyo, umzobo okanye itheminali, inokufakwa ngokulula. Ulwazi oluthe kratya malunga nale WM lunokufumaneka kwezi linki zilandelayo: Ikhonkco le-1, Ikhonkco le-2 y Ikhonkco le-3.

I-SwayWM

Inkcazo

Ngokwewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

"OKANYEn Umphathi wefestile osebenza njengohlobo lweTiling umqambi obalaseleyo weWayland kunye nokutshintsha endaweni yeMphathi weWindows i3 kwiX11. Isebenza ngokuseta i3 esele ikho kwaye ixhasa uninzi lweempawu ze-i3, kunye nezinye izinto ezongezelelweyo".

Izixhobo

  • Iprojekthi esebenzayo: Umsebenzi wokugqibela ofunyenwe ujikeleze ngaphezulu kwenyanga e-1 edlulileyo, nangona ingxelo yayo yokugqibela ezinzileyo iphantse yaba ziinyanga ezimbini.
  • Uhlobo: Ukuthayipha.
  • Ikuvumela ukuba uququzelele usetyenziso windows ngokufanelekileyo, endaweni yendawo. Iifestile zilungiswe kwigridi emiselweyo ekhulisa ukusebenza kwescreen sakho kwaye inokuqhutywa ngokukhawuleza usebenzisa ikhibhodi.
  • Isebenzisa "ii-wlroots" ukubonelela ngesiseko seemodyuli kuyo, ngendlela enokuthi iququzelele ukukhula kwayo, indaleko kunye nokwenza ngokwezifiso.
  • Ayixhasi nayiphi na iidrafti zokuqhuba zemizobo, ezibandakanya umqhubi welungelo likaNvidia. Umthombo ovulekileyo weNouveau umqhubi uyafuneka endaweni yoko.

Ukufakwa

Ukukhuphela kunye nokufaka okanye ulwazi oluthe kratya, oku kulandelayo kuyenziwa unxibelelwano. Kwaye le enye unxibelelwano Ukuba kuyafuneka

Iifayile ze-TWM

Inkcazo

Ngokwewebhusayithi yayo esemthethweni, ichazwa njenge:

Msgstr "Umphathi wefestile olula nosebenzayo we X Window System".

Izixhobo

  • Iprojekthi esebenzayoUmsebenzi wokugqibela ofunyenwe malunga neenyanga ezi-2 ezidlulileyo.
  • Uhlobo: Ingqokelela.
  • Ukubonelela ngemivalo yesihloko, iifestile ezimile, iindlela ezahlukeneyo zolawulo lwe icon, imisebenzi echaziweyo yomsebenzisi, ukucofa kunye nesikhombisi kugxilwe kwikhibhodi, kunye nesitshixo somsebenzisi kunye nesitshixo sokubopha iqhosha.
  • Yinkqubo encinci, eyakhiwe kusetyenziswa iXlib, eyenza ukuba ikhanyise kakhulu ngokwezixhobo zenkqubo eziyifunayo. Kwaye nangona ilula, iyaqwalaseleka kakhulu; iifonti, imibala, ububanzi bomda, amaqhosha ebha yesihloko, phakathi kwezinye izinto, zinokuqwalaselwa ngumsebenzisi.
  • Ujongano lwayo lwahluke kakhulu kwii-WMs nee-DEs zale mihla, uninzi lwazo luthanda ukusebenza ngokufana nolo lweMacOS okanye iiWindows, ke abasebenzisi abatsha banokufumana kunzima ukuzisebenzisa ngaphandle kokufunda amaxwebhu abo kunye / okanye uyisebenzise ixesha elide.

Ukufakwa

Olu hlaziyo lwe-WM luhlala lufumaneka kwiindawo ezininzi zokugcina ezahlukeneyo I-GNU / Linux Distros, phantsi kwegama lika iphakheji "twm"Ke ngoko, kuxhomekeke kumphathi wephakheji osetyenzisiweyo, umzobo okanye itheminali, inokufakwa ngokulula. Ulwazi oluthe kratya malunga nale WM lunokufunyanwa kwezi zilandelayo unxibelelwano okanye le enye unxibelelwano.

QaphelaKhumbula ukuba uphonononge iiwebhusayithi ezisemthethweni zeWM nganye ukuze ubone ukuba ziyafana njani, kuba, nganye nganye, kukho ngokubanzi ezihlaziyiweyo zescreen sokubonakala kwazo.

Umfanekiso oqhelekileyo wezigqibo zenqaku

Isiphelo

Siyathemba ukuba oku "Uncedo oluncinci" malunga nezi-5 ezilandelayo «Gestores de Ventanas», Ezizimeleyo kuyo nayiphi na «Entorno de Escritorio», Kubizwe I-Steamcompmgr, iStumpWM, iSwekile, iSwayWM kunye ne-TWM, Inomdla omkhulu kunye noluncedo, iyonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kunye negalelo elikhulu ekusasazekeni kwendalo emangalisayo, enkulu kunye nokukhulayo kwezicelo ze «GNU/Linux».

Ngolwazi oluthe kratya, sukuhlala ungathandabuzi ukutyelela nayiphi na Ilayibrari ekwi-Intanethi njengaye VulaLibra y IJedIT ukufunda Iincwadi (iiPDF) kwesi sihloko okanye abanye iinkalo zolwazi. Okwangoku, ukuba uyithandile le «publicación», Sukuyeka ukwabelana ngayo nabanye, kwi Iiwebhusayithi ozithandayo, amajelo, amaqela, okanye uluntu zonxibelelwano zentlalo, ngokukhethekileyo zisimahla kwaye zivulekile njenge IMododon, okanye ukhuselekile kwaye uyimfihlo ngathi yocingo.

Okanye tyelela nje iphepha lasekhaya apha UkusukaLinux okanye ujoyine iShaneli esemthethweni Umnxeba ovela kwiDesdeLinux ukufunda nokuvota oku okanye ezinye iimpapasho ezinomdla «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» kunye nezinye izihloko ezinxulumene «Informática y la Computación»kunye «Actualidad tecnológica».


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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