Abaphathi bamawindi: I-Graphical User Interfaces ye-GNU / Linux

Abaphathi bamawindi: I-Graphical User Interfaces ye-GNU / Linux

Abaphathi bamawindi: I-Graphical User Interfaces ye-GNU / Linux

Kusukela ekuqaleni kwe I-GNU / Linux, ukusetshenziswa nokwehluka kwe- I-Graphical User Interfaces (i-GUI) etholakalayo ibikhula. Futhi ngasikhathi sinye, ukuncintisana okuthile futhi kukhule phakathi kwabasebenzisi, abasha nabanolwazi, mayelana nokuthi yikuphi okuhle kakhulu phakathi kwezinketho eziningi ezikhona.

Noma kunjalo, izinketho zamanje ziyatholakala kusuka ku- I-GUI ye-GNU / Linux, okungukuthi, i- Abaphathi bamawindi (Abaphathi beWindows - WM, ngesiNgisi) edume kakhulu noma eyaziwa kakhulu, imvamisa iza ngokuhlanganiswa ngaphakathi kwalokhu okwaziwayo futhi okuphelele Izindawo zedeskithophu (Izindawo zeDeskithophu - DE, ngesiNgisi) ngenkathi ezinye eziningi, zizinhle, kodwa mhlawumbe zingaziwa kakhulu noma zisetshenziswe, zivame ukuza ngaphandle kwe Imvelo yedeskithophu ethize.

Abaphathi bamawindi: Isingeniso

Masikhumbule ukuthi, phakathi kuka Imvelo yedeskithophu futhi a Umphathi wewindi kunokwehluka okusobala lapho kukhulunywa nge a Uhlelo Lokusebenza lwe-GNU / Linux.

Okokuqala, kufanele kuqhakambiswe ubukhona be- X Iwindi System (X Windows, ngesiNgisi), which Kubhekwa njengesisekelo esivumela ukudweba izinto zemifanekiso esikrinini. Njengoba, X Windows inikeza ukusekelwa okuvumela ukuhamba kwamawindi, ukuxhumana nekhibhodi negundane, futhi kudwebe amawindi. Futhi konke lokhu kuyadingeka kunoma iyiphi ideskithophu ebonakalayo.

Ngalokhu engqondweni, singaqonda kangcono ukuthi iyi- Umphathi wewindi futhi a Imvelo yedeskithophu.

Umphathi wewindi

Ingcezu yephazili elawula ukubekwa nokubukeka kwamawindi. Futhi lokho kudinga X Windows ukusebenza kepha hhayi kusuka ku Imvelo yedeskithophu, lefomu eliyisibopho. Futhi ngokusho kwe- I-ArchLinux Official Wiki, esigabeni sayo esizinikezele ku- «Abaphathi beWindows«, Lezi zihlukaniswe izinhlobo ezi-3, okulandelayo:

  • Ukubeka: Lokho okulingisa ukubonakala nokusebenza kweWindows ne-OS X, ngakho-ke, lawula amawindi njengezicucu zamaphepha kudeskithophu, ezingabekwa eyodwa phezu kwenye.
  • Ukuthayipha: Lezo zohlobo "lwe-mosaic" lapho amawindi angadluli khona, nalapho kuvame ukusetshenziswa kakhulu kakhulu kwezinqamuleli zekhibhodi, futhi kuncike ekuncikeni okuncane ekusetshenzisweni kwegundane.
  • Amandla: Lezo ezikuvumela ukuthi ushintshe ngokunamandla ukwakheka kwamawindi phakathi kwamatshe noma izinto ezintantayo.

Imvelo yedeskithophu

Kuyinto noma uhlelo oluhlanganiswe kakhulu kune- Umphathi wewindi. Futhi-ke kudinga zombili X Windows njenge Umphathi wewindi, ukusebenza. Kungakho-ke imvamisa ifaka awabo kanye / noma basebenzise i-WM eyodwa noma amaningi azimele ukuze asebenze kahle.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, kubalulekile ukuthi wazi ukuthi a Imvelo yedeskithophu ngokuvamile kufaka isethi yezinhlelo zokusebenza ezihlanganiswe ngokuqinile ukuze zonke izinhlelo zokusebenza zazane, njengokuthi, uhlelo lohlobo iphaneli (ibha yomsebenzi) lokho kusiza imisebenzi ethile njengokubeka okuncane izinto (amawijethi) isenzo esisheshayo noma imininingwane esivuna ukuthuthukisa ulwazi lomsebenzisi.

Uma kwenzeka, ufuna ukwazi kabanzi ngefayela le- Izindawo zedeskithophu, sincoma ukuhlola okufakiwe kwethu okulandelayo okutholakalayo kwangaphambilini:

Abaphathi bamawindi: Okuqukethwe

Abaphathi bamawindi ngokuqhathanisa izindawo zedeskithophu

Ngokuphathelene nendawo ethile yedeskithophu

  1. I-Metacity: Kusuka ku-GNOME
  2. luvungazele: Kusuka ku-GNOME Shell
  3. KWin: Kusuka ku-KDE ne-KDE Plasma
  4. I-XFWM: Kusuka kuXFCE
  5. I-Muffin: Kusuka kuCinnamon
  6. Marco: Matte
  7. I-DeepinWM: Kusuka ku-Deepin
  8. gala: Kusuka ku-Pantheon
  9. I-BudgieWM: Kusuka kuBudgie
  10. UKWM: Kusuka e-UKUI

Ukuzimela kwendawo ethile yedeskithophu

  1. 2BWM: https://github.com/venam/2bwm
  2. 9WM: https://github.com/9wm/9wm
  3. I-AEWM: http://freshmeat.sourceforge.net/projects/aewm
  4. Ngemuva kwesinyathelo: http://afterstep.org/
  5. I-WM enhle: https://awesomewm.org/
  6. I-BerryWM: https://berrywm.org/
  7. I-Blackbox: https://github.com/bbidulock/blackboxwm
  8. I-BSPWM: https://github.com/baskerville/bspwm
  9. I-Byobu: https://byobu.org/
  10. I-Compiz: http://www.compiz.org/
  11. I-CWM: https://github.com/leahneukirchen/cwm
  12. I-DWM: http://dwm.suckless.org/
  13. Ukukhanyiselwa: http://www.enlightenment.org
  14. UbubiWM: https://github.com/nikolas/evilwm
  15. I-EXWM: https://github.com/ch11ng/exwm
  16. I-Fluxbox: http://www.fluxbox.org
  17. I-FLWM: http://flwm.sourceforge.net/
  18. I-FVWM: https://www.fvwm.org/
  19. Inkungu: http://www.escomposlinux.org/jes/
  20. I-Herbstluftwm: https://herbstluftwm.org/
  21. I3WM: https://i3wm.org/
  22. I-IceWM: https://ice-wm.org/
  23. I-Ion: http://freshmeat.sourceforge.net/projects/ion/
  24. I-JWM: https://joewing.net/projects/jwm/
  25. I-MatchBox: https://www.yoctoproject.org/software-item/matchbox/
  26. I-Metisse: http://insitu.lri.fr/metisse/
  27. I-Musca: https://github.com/enticeing/musca
  28. I-MWM: https://motif.ics.com/
  29. I-OpenBox: http://openbox.org/wiki/Main_Page
  30. I-Pekwm: https://github.com/pekdon/pekwm
  31. I-PlayWM: https://github.com/wyderkat/playwm
  32. I-Qtile: http://www.qtile.org/
  33. I-Ratpoison: http://www.nongnu.org/ratpoison/
  34. I-Sawfish: https://sawfish.fandom.com/wiki/Main_Page
  35. Isibukeli: https://github.com/conformal/spectrwm
  36. I-Steamcompmgr: https://github.com/ValveSoftware/SteamOS/wiki/steamcompmgr
  37. I-StumpWM: https://stumpwm.github.io/
  38. Ushukela: https://sugarlabs.org/
  39. I-SwayWM: https://swaywm.org/
  40. I-TWM: https://www.x.org/releases/X11R7.6/doc/man/man1/twm.1.xhtml
  41. I-UltimateWM: http://udeproject.sourceforge.net/
  42. I-VTWM: http://www.vtwm.org/
  43. I-Wayland: https://wayland.freedesktop.org/
  44. I-Wingo: https://github.com/BurntSushi/wingo
  45. I-WM2: http://www.all-day-breakfast.com/wm2/
  46. I-WMFS: https://github.com/xorg62/wmfs
  47. I-WMX: http://www.all-day-breakfast.com/wmx/
  48. Umenzi Wewindi: https://www.windowmaker.org/
  49. IwindiLab: https://github.com/nickgravgaard/windowlab
  50. I-Xmonad: https://xmonad.org/

Isithombe esijwayelekile seziphetho ze-athikili

Isiphetho

Siyethemba lokhu "okuthunyelwe okuwusizo okuncane" mayelana ne «Gestores de Ventanas», esivele isetshenziswe ngaphakathi noma ngaphandle a «Entorno de Escritorio», okungukuthi, ngendlela encike noma ezimele enye yalezi, inesithakazelo esikhulu nokusetshenziswa kwayo, kuyo yonke «Comunidad de Software Libre y Código Abierto» kanye negalelo elikhulu ekusabalalisweni kwemvelo emangalisayo, enkulu futhi ekhulayo yezicelo ze «GNU/Linux».

Futhi ukuthola eminye imininingwane, unganqikazi njalo ukuvakashela noma yikuphi Umtapo wolwazi oku-inthanethi njengoba I-OpenLibra y I-JedIT ukufunda izincwadi (ama-PDF) ngalesi sihloko noma ezinye izindawo zolwazi. Okwamanje, uma ukuthandile lokhu «publicación», ungayeki ukuyaba nabanye, ku- Amawebhusayithi ayizintandokazi, iziteshi, amaqembu, noma imiphakathi zokuxhumana nabantu, okungcono mahhala futhi evulekile njenge I-mastodon, noma ukuphepha nokuyimfihlo kwangasese yocingo.

Noma mane uvakashele ikhasi lethu lasekhaya ku- KusukaLinux noma ujoyine iSiteshi esisemthethweni Yocingo kusuka ku-DesdeLinux ukufunda nokuvotela lokhu noma ezinye izincwadi ezithakazelisayo ku- «Software Libre», «Código Abierto», «GNU/Linux» nezinye izihloko ezihlobene ne- «Informática y la Computación»kanye «Actualidad tecnológica».


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-14, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UJuvenal Salinas Maldonado kusho

    Hola
    Imininingwane ethakazelisayo. Ngangizwile ngabaphathi abathile bamawindi kepha uhlu olunikezayo luhlaba umxhwele ngempela. Ngiyabonga.

    1.    Ukufaka kwe-Linux Post kusho

      Ukubingelela, Juvenal. Siyabonga ngokuphawula kwakho. Siyajabula ukuthi uluthandile ulwazi nokuthi belusizo.

  2.   UJonathan System Engineer kusho

    mate yindawo enhle yedeskithophu, ngikuthole kungakholeki kuzo zombili i-laptop yami yakudala kanye ne-pc yedeskithophu yami, kwi-laptop yami yakudala ngisebenzise ubuntu obujwayelekile futhi kudle u-6-7% we-processor, ngenkathi ku-ubuntu mate kudle 1-2 % weprosesa idliwe kancane, kudeskithophu yami i-pc ejwayelekile ubuntu busetshenziswe u-2-3% we-processor, ngenkathi ku-ubuntu mate kudle u-0.5-1% we-processor, ngamagama ambalwa ubuntu obunemvelo yomlingani obudle kakhulu i-cpu kakhulu kukhompuyutha yami yakudala engu-64 bit 2012 njenge-ryze 8 desktop pc yami.

    1.    UBryan Vicente Urquiza kusho

      Uqinisile, ukusetshenziswa kuncane futhi kuvula izinhlelo ngokushesha, ngiyisebenzisa isonto lonke futhi ngiyethemba ukuthi iyaqhubeka kanjena

  3.   Elizabeth montana kusho

    Ngijabule ngomlingani wami, noma ingenakho ukwenza ngokwezifiso okuningi njengezinye izindawo, kunginikeza engikudingayo, ukwenza ngokwezifiso okuyisisekelo okulula, kepha ngishintsha isivinini esihle lapho kuvulwa izicelo, ngaphezu kokuba ne ukusetshenziswa kweprosesa okuphansi nenkumbulo yenqama, yize kwimemori yenqama angikhathazeki kakhulu ngokuba ne-8gb yenqama, kepha ukusetshenziswa kwayo okuphansi kweprosesa kungishiyile othandweni, okungu-0.5% njalo ngiphumule, ngizamile ezinye izindawo futhi zifinyelela ku-3-4% njengegobolondo le-gnome ne-kde plasma ifinyelele ku-2-3% ngenkathi umlingani engaphansi kuka-0.5% WOWOWOWOWOWOW, futhi bengilokhu ngiyivivinya izinyanga ezingaphezu kwezingu-8 kwi-PC yami yedeskithophu enkulu futhi ayikaze inginikeze izinkinga zokushibilika, ngibuka amavidiyo ku-YouTube futhi kumnandi angazi Konke kuketshezi ngendlela obekufanele kube ngayo, into enamathele kwi-gnome futhi efanayo ne-kde plasma.

  4.   UMario inhlebo kusho

    I-Mate iyashesha angikaze ngicabange ukuthi ingashintsha imvelo yami ngokubukeka okuyisisekelo, futhi ngikwenze ngenxa yokuthi kushesha kangakanani, ngivula i-google chrome futhi ivule ngomzuzwana owodwa ngokushesha okukhulu, okufanayo nezinhlelo ezimbalwa Ngisebenzisela ukukhula kwami.

  5.   UJean Carlos Granda kusho

    IMvelo DESKTOP ENVIRONMENT iyahlaba umxhwele, konke kuzinzile futhi anginankinga, kubuye kube ngokuchofoza okusheshayo futhi nesicelo sakho sesivele sivuliwe, kulabo abangazange bazame, kwenze, kuzokufanele.

  6.   UJean Carlos Granda kusho

    IMvelo DESKTOP ENVIRONMENT iyahlaba umxhwele, konke kuzinzile futhi anginankinga, kubuye kube ngokuchofoza okusheshayo futhi nesicelo sakho sesivele sivuliwe, kulabo abangazange bazame, kwenze, kuzokufanele.

  7.   UFrancisco Diaz kusho

    Ngithanda umbala oluhlaza ukuthi imvelo ine-hehe ngokukhuthazwa umuthi, ngiyayithanda le mvelo enginayo kusuka ku-ryzen 7 desktop pc yami iminyaka emi-3 futhi ngikholwe ukuthi iyashesha kakhulu, igcina ukusetshenziswa okuphansi kwe-cpu yayo, Ngibe nezinkinga kwezinye izindawo, kepha ngiyajabula ukuthi benginakho njengokokuqala, ngendlela engisebenzise ngayo ubuntu kusukela ngo-2013 futhi ngisebenzisa ubuntu mate kusukela ngo-2018 njengowokuqala.

  8.   USteven Carrion kusho

    Bengilokhu ngisebenzisa i-fedora nge-SPING DE MATE, futhi yize ekuqaleni benginenkinga, bese ixazululwa futhi kuze kube manje ngenza kahle kakhulu, le ndawo ishesha kakhulu.

  9.   u-abraham vizcarra kusho

    Ngiqhubeka nokuyisebenzisa izinyanga eziyi-7 futhi kuze kube manje inginikeza imiphumela emihle yalokho engikudingayo.

  10.   U-Alejandro Rodriguez kusho

    shiya i-kde plasma yale ndawo, ngiyisebenzisa ku-debian yami futhi angiceli okunye.

  11.   uleonardo garcia kusho

    Ngizofaka ubuntu mate ukubona ukuthi kuhle yini.

  12.   U-Eduardo Medina kusho

    Ukuvuselela isistimu uma une-ubuntu womlingani, hamba ubheke i- "Software update" lapho uma uthola izibuyekezo uyinikeze ukufaka futhi uma usuqedile kufanele uqalise kabusha uhlelo, ukufaka izinguquko.